Absmanner, E, Rouha-Mülleder, C, Scharl, T, Leisch, F and Troxler, J 2009. Effects of different housing systems on the behaviour of beef bulls – An on-farm assessment on Austrian farms. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 118, 12–19.
British Standards Institution 1975. Precision of test methods 1: guide for the determination and reproducibility for a standard test method (BS 597, Part 1). BSI, London.
Brscic, M, Gottardo, F, Tessitore, E, Guzzo, L, Ricci, R and Cozzi, G 2015a. Assessment of welfare of finishing beef cattle kept on different types of floor after short- or long-term housing. Animal 9, 1053–1058.
Brscic, M, Ricci, R, Prevedello, P, Lonardi, C, De Nardi, R, Contiero, B, Gottardo, F and Cozzi, G 2015b. Synthetic rubber surface as an alternative to concrete to improve welfare and performance of finishing beef cattle reared on fully slatted flooring. Animal 9, 1386–1392.
Brugiapaglia, A and Destefanis, G 2012. Influence of the housing system on meat quality of double muscled Piemontese young bulls. Livestock Science 145, 73–78.
Cozzi, G, Tessitore, E, Contiero, B, Ricci, R, Gottardo, F and Brscic, M 2013. Alternative solutions to the concrete fully-slatted floor for the housing of finishing beef cattle: effects on growth performance, health of the locomotor system and behaviour. The Veterinary Journal 197, 211–215.
Daelemans, J and Maton, A 1987. Beef production with special reference to fattening bulls. In Welfare aspects of housing systems for veal calves and fattening bulls (ed. MC Schlichting and D Smit), pp. 61–71. Commission of the European Communities, Luxemburg.
Dawson, LER 2012. The effect of inclusion of lupins/triticale whole crop silage in the diet of winter finishing beef cattle on their performance and meat quality at two levels of concentrates. Animal Feed Science and Technology 171, 75–84.
Dunne, PG, O’Mara, FP, Monahan, FJ, French, P and Moloney, AP 2005. Colour of muscle from 18-month-old steers given long-term daily exercise. Meat Science 71, 219–229.
Dunne, PG, Rogalski, J, Moreno, T, Monahan, FJ, French, P and Moloney, AP 2008. Colour, composition and quality of M. longissimus dorsi and M. extensor carpi radialis of steers housed on straw or concrete slats or accommodated outdoor on woodchips. Meat Science 79, 700–708.
Estevez, I, Anderson, I and Naevdal, E 2007. Group size, density and social dynamics in farm animals. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 103, 185–204.
Færevik, G, Jensen, MB and Bøe, KE 2006. Dairy calves social preferences and the significance of a companion animal during separation from the group. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 99, 205–221.
Gottardo, F, Ricci, R, Fregolent, G, Ravarotto, L and Cozzi, G 2003. Welfare and meat quality of beef cattle housed on two types of floors with the same space allowance. Italian Journal of Animal Science 2, 243–253.
Graunke, KL, Telezhenko, E, Hessle, A, Bergsten, C and Loberg, JM 2011. Does rubber flooring improve welfare and production in growing bulls in fully slatted floor pens? Animal Welfare 20, 173–183.
Gupta, S, Early, B and Crowe, MA 2007. Pituitary, adrenal, immune and performance responses of mature Holstein×Friesian bulls housed on slatted floors at various space allowances. The Veterinary Journal 173, 594–604.
Gygax, L, Siegwart, R and Wechsler, B 2007. Effects of space allowance on the behaviour and cleanliness of finishing bulls kept in pens with fully slatted rubber coated flooring. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 107, 1–12.
Ingvartsen, KL and Andersen, HR 1993. Space allowance and type of housing for growing cattle: a review of performance and possible relation to neuroendocrine function. Animal Science 43, 65–80.
Kirkland, RM 2003. An examination of factors affecting the cleanliness of housed beef cattle in Northern Ireland. AgriSearch, Northern Ireland.
Kirkland, RM and Keady, TWJ 2006. Holstein bull beef production. AgriSearch, Northern Ireland.
Keane, MP, McGee, M, O’Riordan, EG, Kelly, AK and Earley, B 2015. Effect of floor type on hoof lesions, dirt scores, immune response and production of beef bulls. Livestock Science 180, 220–225.
Little, MW, O’Connell, NE, Welsh, MD, Barley, J, Meade, KG and Ferris, CP 2016. Prepartum concentrate supplementation of a diet based on medium-quality grass silage: effects on performance, health, fertility, metabolic function, and immune function of low body condition score cows. Journal of Dairy Science 99, 7102–7122.
Lowe, DE, Steen, RWJ, Beattie, VE and Moss, BW 2001. The effects of floor type systems on the performance, cleanliness, carcass composition and meat quality of housed finishing beef cattle. Livestock Production Science 69, 33–42.
Marsh, SP 2013. Effect of reducing the starch content of cereal based rations by the partial replacement of barley with soya hulls for intensively finished dairy-bred bulls. Harper Adams University, Shropshire, UK.
Moran, L, O’Sullivan, MG, Kerry, JP, Picard, B, McGee, M, O’Riordan, EG and Moloney, AP 2017. Effect of a grazing period prior to finishing on a high concentrate diet on meat quality from bulls and steers. Meat Science 125, 76–83.
Payne, RW, Harding, SA, Murray, DA, Soutar, DM, Baird, DB, Glaser, AI, Channing, IC, Welham, SJ, Gilmour, AR, Thompson, R and Webster, R 2015. The guide to GenStat release 12, part 2: statistics. VSN International, Hemel Hempstead, UK.
Rouha-Muelleder, C, Absmanner, E, Kahrer, E, Zeiner, H, Scharl, T, Leisch, F, Stanek, C and Troxler, J 2012. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors. Animal Welfare 21, 113–126.
Schulze Westerath, H, Gygax, L, Mayer, C and Wechsler, B 2007. Leg lesions and cleanliness of finishing bulls kept in housing systems with different lying area surfaces. The Veterinary Journal 174, 77–85.
Scott, GB and Kelly, M 1989. Cattle cleanliness in different housing systems. Farm building progress 96, 21–24.
Tessitore, E, Brscic, M, Boukha, A, Prevedello, P and Cozzi, G 2009. Effects of pen floor and class of live weight on behavioural and clinical parameters of beef cattle. Italian Journal of Animal Science 8, 658–660.