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Distinguishing characteristics of Diamictons at the Margin of the Matanuska Glacier, Alaska

  • Daniel E. Lawson (a1)

Abstract

The origins of diamictons deposited at the Matanuska Glacier are identified in stratigraphic sequences mainly by the presence or absence of a pebble fabric, internal structure, and variation in gravel-size clast distribution. These properties correlate with major differences in depositional mechanisms and source material. Melt-out till mostly inherits fabric, internal structure, and grain-size distribution from its debris-laden basal ice source. Sediment flow deposits and ice-slope colluvium (deposited by ablational slope processes) have properties developed by resedimentation mechanisms. Melt-out till ranges from structureless to stratified with interspersed lenses and discontinuous laminae, and generally possesses a well-defined pebble fabric. Sediment flow deposits show various combinations of six sedimentologic units with distinct sedimentary features and clast dispersion. Pebble fabric is absent or poorly defined, depending upon the unit's origin. Ice-slope colluvium is usually featureless, except for randomly-dispersed laminated lenses and irregularly-shaped gravelly zones in an otherwise disarrayed assemblage of particles, and is without a pebble fabric.

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References

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