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The Frankish Tower on the Acropolis, Athens: The Photographs of William J. Stillman1

  • Peter Lock

The photographs taken in 1869 by William J. Stillman, in the Alma-Tadema collection in the Library of the University of Birmingham, give detailed evidence for the form of the tower, enlarging the discussion of it by the author in BSA 81.

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2 Best seen in Tsigakou, Fani-Maria, The Rediscovery of Greece (London 1981) 124–5.

3 Illustrations collected in Gregorovius, Ferdinand, Geschichte der Stadt Athen im Mittelalter (1889, reprinted Munich, 1980) 520, 545, 546. The photograph is in Travlos, John, ‘Πολεοδομιϰή ἐξελίξις’, EIK 108.

4 Sources summarized and listed in Miller, William, The Latins in the Levant (London 1908) 402.

6 Lock, art. cit.

7 Travlos op. cit. EIK 107, cf. the plan, EIK 106. Ippolito Caffi, The Propylaea, 1843, reproduced in Tsigakou, op. cit. 124.

8 For a listing and analysis of the towers of central Greece see Lock, art. cit., in which the Markopoulo tower was not included through an oversight. It is hoped that the comments contained in this paper go some way to remedy this. I would like to thank Professor Tomlinson for his invaluable observations on the relative floor-levels of the Propylaia and Nike bastion.

9 Miller, op. cit. 402; Gregorovius, op. cit. 344; Μουσταϰη, Β. ed. Μακρυγαννης το λιονταρι της Ρουμελης (Athens 1979) 101.

10 Robinson, F. N., ed., The Works of Geoffrey Chaucer (2nd edn., London 1966) 669, and ‘The Knight's Tale’, lines 1056–7 and 1060.

11 Robinson (ed.), ‘The Knight's Tale’, lines 1064–6.

12 Μουσταϰη (ed.) op. cit. 101.

13 Φλωρος, Α (ed.) Νεοελληνικο Ετυμογογικο και Ερμηνεντικο Λεξικο (Athens 1980) 282.

14 Gordon, Thomas, History of the Greek Revolution (Edinburgh 1832) quoted in Dakin, Douglas, The Greek Struggle for Independence (London 1973) 132.

15 Lock, art. cit.

1 I would like to thank Professor R. A. Tomlinson for drawing my attention to the existence of the Stillman photographs and for giving me the opportunity of commenting upon them. They came to light after my paper on ‘The Frankish Towers of Central Greece’, BSA 81 (1986) 101–23 gone to press and they do modify a number of points that I made about the Acropolis tower therein. For the Alma-Tadema collection, see p. 297, R. A. Tomlinson, ‘The Acropolis of Athens in the 1870's: The evidence of the Alma-Tadema photographs’.

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Annual of the British School at Athens
  • ISSN: 0068-2454
  • EISSN: 2045-2403
  • URL: /core/journals/annual-of-the-british-school-at-athens
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