Skip to main content

From Fabrics to Island Connections: Macroscopic and Microscopic Approaches to the Prehistoric Pottery of Antikythera1

  • A. Pentedeka (a1), E. Kiriatzi (a1), L. Spencer (a2), A. Bevan (a2) and J. Conolly (a3)...

An intensive archaeological survey covering the entire extent of the island of Antikythera has recently revealed a sequence of prehistoric activity spanning the later Neolithic to Late Bronze Age, with cultural affiliations that variously link its prehistoric communities with their neighbours to the north, south and east. Here we present and discuss the results of a programme of both macroscopic and petrographie study of the prehistoric ceramics from Antikythera that defines a considerably varied group of fabrics and explores their implications with regard to regional potting traditions, on-island production versus imports, and changing patterns of human activity on the island through time.

Μια εντατική επιφανειακή έρευνα που κάλυψε το σύνολο της έκτασης των Aντικυθήρων αποκάλυψε πρόσφατα μια ακολουθία προïστορικής δραστηριότητας που χρονολογείται από την προχωρημένη Nεολιθική μέχρι την ´Yστερη Eποχή του Xαλκού, και αντανακλά ποικίλες πολιτιστικές σχέσεις των προïστορικών κοινοτήτων του νησιού με γειτονικές περιοχές στα βόρεια, νότια καν ανατολικά. Eσώ παρουσιάςουμε και (τυςητάμε τα αποτελέσματα ενός προγράμματος μακροσκοπικής και πετρογραφικής μελέτης της προïστορικής κεραμικής από τα Aντικύθηρα, που προσδιορίςει μια σημαντική ποικνλία κεραμικών υλών και διερευνά τη σημασία τους σε σχέση με τις τοπικές παραδόσενς κεραμικής στην ευρύτερη περιοχή του Aιγαίου, την αντιδιαςτολή εγχώρνας παραγωγής καν ενσαγωγών, και τις δναχρονικές μεταβολές στο χαρακτήρα και την ένταση της ανθρώπινης δραστηριότητας στο νησί.

Hide All
Andreadaki-Vlasaki, M. 19941996. ‘Προïτοπικός οικισμός στα Νοπήγεια Κισσάμου-αποσπασματική ανασκαφική έρευνα’, Κρητική Εστί 5: 1145.
Andreadaki-Vlasaki, M. 1997. ‘Craftsmanship at MM Khamalevri in Rethymnon’, in Laffineur, R. and Betancourt, P.P. (eds), Τέχνη: Craftsmen, Craftswomen and Craftmanship in the Aegean Bronze Age (Aegaeum, 16; Liège), 3744.
Bevan, A. and Conolly, J. (in prep.). The Fragile Communities of Antikythera (book in preparation, title is provisional).
Bevan, A., Conolly, J. and Tsaravopoulos, A. 2008. ‘The fragile communities of Antikythera’, Archaeology International 10: 3236.
Biegen, C.W. and Rawson, M. 1966. The Palace of Nestor at Pylos in Western Messenia, i (Princeton).
Broodbank, C. 1999. ‘Kythera Survey: preliminary report on the 1998 season’, BSA 94: 191214.
Broodbank, C. and Kiriatzi, E. 2007. ‘The first ‘Minoans’ of Kythera revisited: Technology, demography, and landscape in the Prepalatial Aegean’, American Journal of Archaeology 111: 241–74.
Broodbank, C., Kiriatzi, E. and Rutter, J.B. 2005, ‘From Pharaoh's feet to the slave-women of Pylos? The history and cultural dynamics of Kythera in the Third Palace period’, in Dakouri-Hild, A. and Sheratt, S.E. (eds), Autochthon. Papers Presented to O.T.P.K. Dickinson on the Occasion of his Retirement (BAR S1432; Oxford), 7096.
Bullock, P., Federoff, N., Jongerius, A., Stoops, G., and Tursina, T. 1985. Handbook for Soil Thin Section Description (Wolverhampton).
Chandler, G.M. 2001. ‘Comparative Petrographic analysis of sherds from five Minoan Sites in Western Crete’, in Bassiakos, Y., Aloupi, E., and Facorellis, Y. (eds), Archaeometry Issues in Greek Prehistory and Antiquity (Athens), 379–96.
Christakis, K.S. 2005. Cretan Bronze Age Pithoi. Traditions and Trends in the Production and Consumption of Storage Containers in Bronze Age Crete (Philadelphia).
Cullen, T. 2001. Aegean Prehistory: A Review (Boston).
Day, P.M., Joyner, L., Kiriatzi, E., and Relaki, M. 2005. ‘Petrographic analysis of some Final Neolithic-Early Minoan II pottery from the Kavousi area’, in Haggis 2005, 179–95.
Dickinson, O.T.P.K. 1994. The Aegean Bronze Age (Cambridge).
Efstratiou, K. 1974. ‘'Η Κεραμεική ἀπỏ τỏ Μινωικỏ Κτήριο A’, in Zois, A. (ed), Ανασκαφή Βρυσῶῶν Κυδωνίας (Athens).
Galeos, A. and Drandaki, E. 1993. Geological Map of Greece, Antikythera Island Sheet, scale 1:50.000 (Athens).
Haggis, D.C. (ed). 2005. Kavousi I: The Archaeological Survey of the Kavousi Region (INSTAP Prehistoric Monographs, 16; Philadelphia).
Hallager, B.P. 2000. ‘The Late Minoan IIIC pottery’, in Hallager and Hallager (eds), ii. 135–74.
Hallager, B.P. 2003. ‘The Late Minoan IIIb:2 Pottery’, in Hallager and Hallager (eds), iii. 197265.
Hallager, E. and Hallager, B.P. (eds) (19972003), The Greek-Swedish Excavations at the Agia Aikaterini Square Kastelli, Khania 1970–1987, 3 vols. (Skrifter utgivna af Svenska institutet i Athen, 4°, 47; Stockholm).
Kanta, A. 1980. The Late Minoan III Period in Crete. A Survey of Sites, Pottery and their Distribution (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology, 58; Goteborg).
Kanta, A. and Rocchetti, L. 1989. ‘La ceramica del primo edificio’, in Tzedakis and Sacconi (eds), 103273.
Karantzali, E. 1996. Le Bronze Ancien dans ks Cyclades et en Crète; les relations entre les deux régions. Influence de la Grèce continentale (BAR S631; Oxford).
Kiriatzi, E. 2003. ‘Sherds, fabrics and clay sources: reconstructing the ceramic landscapes of prehistoric Kythera’, in Foster, K.P. and Laffineur, R. (eds) Metron: Measuring the Aegean Bronze Age (Aegaeum, 24; Liège).
Melas, M. 1999. ‘The ethnography of Minoan and Mycenaean beekeeping’, in Betancourt, P.P., Karageorghis, V., Laffineur, R., and Nieimeier, W.-D. (eds), Meletemata. Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to Malcolm Wiener, 3 vols. (Aegeum, 20; Liège), ii. 485–91.
Mitilinaiou, D.K. 19971998Προανακτορική κεραμική από Θέση Ψαθί Κυδωνίας”, Κρητική Εστία, 6: 195236.
Momigliano, N. 2007. Knossos Pottery Handbook: Neolithic and Bronze Age (Minoan) (BSA Studies, 14; London).
Moody, J.A. 1985. ‘The development of a Bronze Age coarse ware chronology for the Khania area of west Crete’. Temple University Aegean Symposium, 10: 5165.
Moody, J.A. ‘The Environmental and Cultural Prehistory of the Khania Region of West Crete: Neolithic through Late Bronze Age’ (unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Minnesota).
Moody, J.A. 2004. ‘Western Crete in the Bronze Age: A Survey of the Evidence’, in Day, L.P., Mook, M., and Muhly, J. (eds), Crete beyond the Palaces: Proceedings of the Crete 2000 Conference (INSTAP Prehistory Monographs, 10; Philadelphia).
Moody, J.A. 2005. ‘Preliminary report, Vrokastro Survey pottery fabrics’, in Hayden, B. (ed), Reports on the Vrokastro Area, Eastern Crete, iii: The Vrokastro Regional Survey Project: Sites and Pottery (Philadelphia).
Moody, J.A., Lewis, H., Robinson, J., and Nixon, L. 2003. ‘Ceramic fabric analysis and survey archaeology: the Sphakia survey’, BSA 98: 37105.
Moody, J.A.Nixon, L., Price, S., and Rackham, O. 2000. The Sphakia Survey: Internet Edition.
Mook, M.S. 2005. ‘The Kavousi fabrics: a typology for the coarse pottery of the Mirabello region of Eastern Crete’, in Haggis (2005), 167–76.
Nodarou, E. 2003. Pottery Production, Distribution and Consumption in Early Minoan West Crete: An Analytical Perspective (Ph.D. thesis, University of Sheffield).
Nowicki, K. 2000. Defensible Sites in Crete c. 1200–800 B.C. (LM IIIB/IIIC through Early Geometric) (Aegaeum, 21; Liège).
Rice, P.M. 1987. Pottery Analysis: A Sourcebook (Chicago).
Tzedakis, Y. 1969. ‘L'atelier de céramique postpalatial à Kydonia’, BCH 93: 396418.
Tzedakis, Y. and Sacconi, A. (eds) 1989. Scavi a Nerokourou, Kydonias (Ricerche greco-italiane in Creta Occidentale, 1; Rome).
Vagnetti, L.A. 1989. ‘Saggi negli strati neolitici’, in Tzedakis and Sacconi (eds), 11100.
Warren, P. and Tzedakis, J. 1974. ‘Debla: an Early Minoan settlement in Western Crete’, BSA 69: 299342.
Whitbread, I.K. 1986. ‘The Characterization of Argillaceous Inclusions in Ceramic Thin Sections’, Archaeometry 28: 7988.
Whitbread, I.K. 1989. ‘A proposal for the systematic description of thin sections: towards the study of ancient ceramic technology’, in Maniatis, Y. (ed), Archaeometry: Proceedings of the 25th International Symposium (Amsterdam) 127138
Whitbread, I.K. 1995. Greek Transport Amphorae: A Petrological and Archaeological Study (Fitch Laboratory Occasional Paper, 4; Athens).
Wilson, D.E. and Day, P.M. 1994. ‘Ceramic regionalism in Prepalatial Central Crete: the Messara Imports at EM I to EM IIA Knossos’, BSA 89: 187.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Annual of the British School at Athens
  • ISSN: 0068-2454
  • EISSN: 2045-2403
  • URL: /core/journals/annual-of-the-british-school-at-athens
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed