This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
S.W. Chisholm 1992. Phytoplankton size. InFalkowski, P.G.&Woodhead, D.D., eds. Primary productivity and biogeochemical cycles in the sea. New York: Plenum Press, 213–237.
M. Fiala , M.-C. Machado L. Oriol 2002. Phytoplankton distribution in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean during spring. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 1867–1880.
M. Fiala , M. Semeneh L. Oriol 1998. Size-fractionated phytoplankton biomass and species composition in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean during austral summer. Journal of Marine Systems, 17, 179–194.
G.L. Fahnenstiel , S. Lohrenz D. Redalje 1994. Have we overestimated picoplankton production? Limnology and Oceanography, 39, 432–438.
P.W. Froneman , E.A. Pakhomov M.G. Balarin 2004. Size-fractionated phytoplankton biomass, production and biogenic carbon flux in the eastern Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean in late austral summer 1997–1998. Deep-Sea Research II, 51, 2715–2729.
M.P. Gall , P.W. Boyd , J. Hall , K.A. Safi H. Chang 2001. Phytoplankton processes. Part 1: Community structure during the Southern Ocean Iron RElease Experiment (SOIREE). Deep-Sea Research II, 48, 2551–2570.
J.C. Goldman M.R. Dennett 1985. Susceptibility of some marine phytoplankton species to cell breakage during filtration and post-filtration rinsing. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 86, 47–58.
J.A. Hall K. Safi 2001. The impact of in situ Fe fertilization on the microbial food web in the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II, 48, 2591–2613.
E.W. Helbling , V. Villafañe O. Holm-Hansen 1991. Effect of Fe on productivity and size distribution of Antarctic phytoplankton. Limnology and Oceanography, 36, 1879–1885.
C.D. Hewes , O. Holm-Hansen E. Sakshaug 1985. Alternate carbon pathways at lower trophic levels in the Antarctic food-web. InSiegfried, W.R., Condy, P.R. & Laws, R.M., eds. Antarctic nutrient cycles and food webs. Heidelberg: Springer, 277–283.
C.D. Hewes , E. Sakshaug , O. Holm-Hansen F.M.H. Reid 1990. Microbial autotrophic and heterotrophic eucaryotes in Antarctic waters: relationships between biomass and CHL, ATP, and POC. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 63, 27–35.
L.J. Hoffmann , I. Peeken K. Lochte 2007. Co-limitation by iron, silicate, and light of three Southern Ocean diatom species. Biogeosciences Discussions, 4, 209–247.
L.J. Hoffmann , I. Peeken , K. Lochte , P. Assmy M. Veldhuis 2006. Different reactions of southern Ocean phytoplankton size classes to iron fertilization. Limnology and Oceanography, 51, 1217–1229.
O. Holm-Hansen C.D. Hewes 2004. Deep chlorophyll-a maxima (DCMs) in Antarctic waters: I. Relationships between DCMs and the physical, chemical, and optical conditions in the upper water column. Polar Biology, 27, 699–710.
O. Holm-Hansen B. Riemann 1978. Chlorophyll a determination: improvements in methodology. Oikos, 30, 438–447.
O. Holm-Hansen , B.G. Mitchell , C.D. Hewes D.M. Karl 1989. Phytoplankton blooms in the vicinity of Palmer Station, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 10, 49–57.
O. Holm-Hansen , C.D. Hewes , V.E. Villafañe , E.W. Helbling , N. Silva A. Amos 1997. Phytoplankton biomass and distribution in relation to water masses around Elephant Island, Antarctica. Polar Biology, 18, 145–153.
B.M. Hopkinson , B.G. Mitchell , R.A. Reynolds , H. Wang , K.E. Selph , C.I. Measures , C.D. Hewes , O. Holm-Hansen K.A. Barbeau 2007. Iron limitation across chlorophyll gradients in the southern Drake Passage: Phytoplankton responses to iron addition and photosynthetic indicators of iron stress. Limnology and Oceanography, 52, 2540–2554.
S.-H. Kang S.H. Lee 1995. Antarctic phytoplankton assemblage in the western Bransfield Strait region, February 1993: composition, biomass and mesoscale distributions. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 129, 253–267.
S. Kawaguchi , T. Ichii M. Naganobu 1999. Green krill, the indicator of micro- and nano-size phytoplankton availability to krill. Polar Biology, 22, 133–136.
E.A. Pakhomov , P.W. Froneman R. Perissinotto 2002. Salp/krill interaction in the Southern Ocean: spatial segregation and implications for the carbon flux. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 1881–1907.
K.E. Selph , M.R. Landry , C.B. Allen , A. Calbet , S. Christensen R.R. Bidigare 2001. Microbial community composition and growth dynamics in the Antarctic Polar Front and seasonal ice zone during late spring 1997. Deep-Sea Research II, 48, 4059–4080.
A. Shiomoto , S. Kawaguchi , K. Imai Y. Tsuruga 1998. Chl a-specific productivity of picophytoplankton not higher than that of larger phytoplankton off the South Shetland Islands in summer. Polar Biology, 19, 361–364.
J.G. Stockner , M.E. Klug W.P. Cochlan 1990. Leaky filters: a warning to aquatic ecologists. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 47, 16–43.
T.F. Thingstad 1998. A theoretical approach to structuring mechanisms in the pelagic food web. Hydrobiologica, 363, 59–72.
M. Varela , E. Fernandez P. Serret 2002. Size-fractionated phytoplankton biomass and primary production in the Gerlache and south Bransfield straits (Antarctic Peninsula) in austral summer 1995–1996. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 749–768.
V.E. Villafañe , E.W. Helbling O. Holm-Hansen 1995. Spatial and temporal variability of phytoplankton biomass and taxonomic composition around Elephant Island, Antarctica, during the summers of 1990–1993. Marine Biology, 123, 677–686.