This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
A.A. Atkinson , V. Siegel , E. Pakhomov & P. Rothery 2004. Long-term decline in krill stock and increase in salps within the Southern Ocean. Nature, 432, 100–103.
J.P. Croxall 2006. Monitoring predator-prey interactions using multiple predator species: the South Georgia experience. In I.L. Boyd , S. Wanless & C.J. Camphuysen , eds. Top predators in marine ecosystems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 157–176.
J.P. Croxall , T.S. McCann , P.A. Prince & P. Rothery 1988. Reproductive performance of seabirds and seals at South Georgia and Signy Island 1976–1986: implications for Southern Ocean monitoring studies. In D. Sahrhage , ed. Antarctic Ocean and resources variability. Berlin: Springer, 261–285.
M.A.J. Curran , T.D. Van Ommen , V.I. Morgan , K.L. Phillips & A.S. Palmer 2003 Ice core evidence for Antarctic sea ice decline since the 1950s. Science, 302, 1203–1206.
W.K. De La Mare 1997. Abrupt mid-twentieth century decline in Antarctic sea ice extent from whaling records. Nature, 389, 57–60.
J. Forcada , P.N. Trathan , K. Reid & E.J. Murphy 2005. The effects of global climate variability in pup production of Antarctic fur seals. Ecology, 86, 2408–2417.
J. Forcada , P.N. Trathan , K. Reid , E.J. Murphy & J.P. Croxall 2006. Contrasting population changes in sympatric penguin species in association with climate warming. Global Change Biology, 12, 411–423.
W.R. Fraser , W.Z. Trivelpiece , D.G. Ainley & S.G. Trivelpiece 1992. Increases in Antarctic penguin populations - reduced competition with whales or a loss of sea ice due to environmental warming. Polar Biology, 11, 525–531.
W.M. Hamner & P.P. Hamner 2000. Behaviour of Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba): schooling, foraging, and antipredatory behaviour. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 57(Suppl. S3), 192–202.
R.P. Hewitt , D.A. Demer & J.H. Emery 2003. An 8-year cycle in krill biomass density inferred from acoustic surveys conducted in the vicinity of the South Shetland Islands during the austral summers of 1991/92 through 2001/2002. Aquatic Living Resources, 16, 205–213.
S.L. Hill , E.J. Murphy , K. Reid , P.N. Trathan & A.J. Constable 2006 Modelling Southern Ocean ecosystems: krill, the food-web, and the impacts of harvesting. Biological Reviews, 81, 581–608.
E.E. Hofmann , P.H. Wiebe , D.P. Costa & J.J. Torres , eds. 2004. Integrated ecosystem studies of Western Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf waters and related Southern Ocean regions. Deep-Sea Research II Topical Studies in Oceanography, 51, 1921–2344.
S. Jenouvrier , C. Barbraud & H. Weimerskirch 2005. Long-term contrasted responses to climate of two Antarctic seabird species. Ecology, 86, 2889–2903.
R. Leaper , J. Cooke , P.N. Trathan , K. Reid , V. Rowntree & R. Payne 2006 Global climate drives southern right whale (Eubalaena australis) population dynamics. Biology Letters, doi:10.1098/rsbl.2005.0431.
V. Loeb , V. Siegel , O. Holm-Hansen , R. Hewitt , W. Fraser , W. Trivelpiece & S. Trivelpiece 1997. Effects of sea-ice extent and krill or salp dominance on the Antarctic food web. Nature, 387, 897–900.
R.A. Massom , S.E. Stammerjohn , R.C. Smith , M.J. Pook , R.A. Iannuzzi , N. Adams , D.G. Martinson , M. Vernet , W.R. Fraser , L.B. Quetin , R.M. Ross , Y. Massom & H.R. Krouse 2006. Extreme anomalous atmospheric circulation in the West Antarctic Peninsula region in Austral Spring and Summer 2001/02, and its profound impact on sea ice and biota. Journal of Climate, 19, 3544–3571.
E.J. Murphy 1995 Spatial structure of the Southern Ocean ecosystem - predator-prey linkages in Southern Ocean food webs. Journal of Animal Ecology, 64, 333–347.
E. Murphy , D.J. Morris , J.L. Watkins & J. Priddle 1988. Scales of interaction between Antarctic krill and the environment. In D. Sahrhage , ed. Antarctic Ocean and resources variability. Berlin: Springer, 120–130.
E.J. Murphy , A. Clarke , C. Symon & J. Priddle 1995. Temporal variation in Antarctic sea-ice: analysis of a long term fast-ice record from the South Orkney Islands. Deep-Sea Research I, 42, 1045–1062.
S. Nicol 2006. Krill, currents and sea ice; the life cycle of Euphausia superba in relation to its changing environment. Bioscience, 56, 111–120.
S. Nicol , T. Pauly , N.L. Bindoff , S. Wright , D. Thiele , G.W. Hosie , P.G. Strutton & E. Woehler 2000. Ocean circulation off east Antarctica affects ecosystem structure and ice extent. Nature, 406, 504–507.
D. Pauly , V. Christiansen , J. Dalsgaard , R. Froeser Jr, F. Torres 1998. Fishing down marine food webs. Science, 279, 860–863.
V. Smetacek & S. Nicol 2005. Polar ocean ecosystems in a changing world. Nature, 437, 362–368.
R.C. Smith , K.S. Baker , W.R. Fraser , E.E. Hofmann , D.M. Karl , J.M. Klinck , L.B. Quetin , B.B. Prézelin , R.M. Ross , W.Z. Trivelpiece & M. Vernet 1995. The Palmer LTER: a long-term ecological research program at Palmer Station, Antarctica. Oceanography, 8, 77–86.
C.J. Southwell , K.R. Kerry & P.H. Ensor 2005. Predicting the distribution of crabeater seals Lobodon carcinophaga off east Antarctica during the breeding season. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 299, 297–309.
P.N. Trathan , J.P. Croxall & E.J. Murphy 1996. Dynamics of Antarctic penguin populations in relation to interannual variability in sea ice distribution. Polar Biology, 16, 321–330.
P.N. Trathan , E.J. Murphy , J. Forcada , J.P. Croxall , K. Reid & S.E. Thorpe 2006. Physical forcing in the southwest Atlantic: ecosystem control. In I.L. Boyd , S. Wanless & C.J. Camphuysen , eds. Top predators in marine ecosystems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 28–45.
D.G. Vaughan , G.J. Marshall , W.M. Connolley , C. Parkinson , R. Mulvaney , D.A. Hodgson , J.C. King , C.J. Pudsey & J. Turner 2003. Recent rapid regional climate warming on the Antarctic Peninsula. Climatic Change, 60, 243–274.
J.L. Watkins , R. Hewitt , M. Naganobu & V. Sushin 2004. The CCAMLR 2000 Survey: a multinational, multi-ship biological oceanography survey of the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Deep-Sea Research II, 51, 1205–1213.