Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

The abundance and distribution of echinoderms in nearshore hard-bottom habitats near Anvers Island, western Antarctic Peninsula

  • Brittny A. White (a1), James McClintock (a1), Charles D. Amsler (a1), Christopher L. Mah (a2), Margaret O. Amsler (a1), Stephanie White (a3), Langdon B. Quetin (a3) and Robin M. Ross (a3)...
Abstract
Abstract

Echinoderms are well represented in nearshore hard-bottom (< 100 m depth) habitats along the Antarctic Peninsula where they are presumably important contributors to benthic production, carbon flow, and determinants of community structure. The present study assesses the densities of echinoderms at shallow depths (2–15 m) at five sampling sites within three kilometres of Anvers Island on the central western Antarctic Peninsula. The asteroids Odontaster validus, Granaster nutrix, Lysasterias perrieri and Adelasterias papillosa, two ophiuroids in the Amphiuridae, the holothuroids Psolicrux coatsi and Psolus carolineae and one representative of the Cucumaridae, and the regular echinoid Sterechinus neumayeri were enumerated. Mean total echinoderm densities were high (34.9 individuals m-2) and ranged from 21.9 individuals m-2 for asteroids to 2.7 individuals m-2 for holothuroids. With the exception of a positive relationship between the abundance of the regular echinoid Sterechinus neumayeri and the biomass of the brown alga Himanthothallus grandifolius, no significant relationships were found between the abundance of asteroids, ophiuroids, or holothuroids and two species of brown algae or three algal ecotypes. The present study indicates nearshore hard-bottom echinoderms are important in the carbon cycle and their inherent vulnerability to ocean acidification may have community-level impacts.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure coreplatform@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      The abundance and distribution of echinoderms in nearshore hard-bottom habitats near Anvers Island, western Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      The abundance and distribution of echinoderms in nearshore hard-bottom habitats near Anvers Island, western Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      The abundance and distribution of echinoderms in nearshore hard-bottom habitats near Anvers Island, western Antarctic Peninsula
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
Corresponding author
*corresponding author: mcclinto@uab.edu
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

C.D.Amsler , J.B.McClintock B.J.Baker 1998. Chemical defense against herbivory in the Antarctic marine macroalgae Iridaea cordata and Phyllophora antarctica . Journal of Phycology, 34, 5359.

C.D.Amsler , C.B.Moeller , J.B.McClintock , K.B.Iken B.J.Baker 2000. Chemical defenses against diatom fouling in Antarctic marine sponges. Biofouling, 16, 2945.

C.D. Amsler , R.J. Rowly , D.R. Laur , L.B. Quetin R.M. Ross 1995. Vertical distribution of Antarctic peninsular macroalgae: cover, biomass, and species composition. Phycologia, 34, 424430.

C.D. Amsler , K.B. Iken , J.B. McClintock , M.O. Amlser , K.J. Peters , J.M. Hubbard , F.B. Furrow B.J. Baker 2005. A comprehensive evaluation of the palatability and chemical defenses of subtidal macroalgae from the Antarctic Peninsula. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 294, 141159.

D.K.A. Barnes S. Brockington 2003. Zoobenthic biodiversity, biomass and abundance at Adelaide Island, Antarctica. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 249, 145155.

S.D. Beddingfield J.B. McClintock 2000. Demographic characteristics of Lytechinus variegatus (Echinoidea: Echinodermata) from three habitats in a north Florida Bay, Gulf of Mexico. Marine Ecology, 21, 1740.

W.Bischoff , F.MacKenzie F.Bishop 1987. Stabilities of synthetic magnesium calcites in aqueous solution: comparison with biogenic materials. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 51, 14131423.

T. Brey , J. Pearse , L. Basch , J.B. McClintock M. Slattery 1995. Growth and production of Sterechinus neumayeri (Echinoidea: Echinodermata) in McMurdo Sound. Marine Biology, 124, 279292.

R. Cattaneo-Vietti , M. Chiantore , M.C. Gamio , G. Albertelli , M. Cormaci I. Di Geronimo 2000. Spatial and vertical distribution of benthic littoral communities in Terra Nova Bay. In Faranda, F.M., Guglielmo, L. & Ionora, A., eds.Ross Sea ecology. Berlin: Springer, 503514.

P.K. Dayton , G.A. Robilliard , R.T. Paine L.B. Dayton 1974. Biological accommodation in the benthic community at McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Ecological Monographs, 44, 105128.

R.K. Dell 1972. Antarctic benthos. Advances in Marine Biology, 10, 1216.

V.J. Fabry , J.B. McClintock , J. Mathis J. Grebmeir 2009. Ocean acidification at high latitudes: the bellwether. Oceanography, 22, 160171.

J. Hyland , D. Laur , J. Jones , J. Shrake , D. Cadian L. Harris 1994. Effects of an oil spill on the soft-bottom macrofauna of Arthur Harbour, Antarctica compared with long-term natural change. Antarctic Science, 6, 3744.

K. Iken , B. Konar , L. Benedetti-Cecchi , J.J. Cruz-Motta , A. Knowlton , G. Pohle , A. Mead , P. Miloslavich , M. Wong , T. Trott , N. Mieszkowska , R. Riosmena-Rodriguez , L. Airoldi , E. Kimani , Y. Shirayama , S. Fraschetti , M. Ortiz-Touzet A. Silva 2010. Large-scale spatial distribution patterns of echinoderms in nearshore rocky habitats. PLoS One, 5, e13845.

A.M. Janosik K.M. Halanych 2010. Unrecognized Antarctic biodiversity: a case study of the genus Odontaster (Odontasteridae; Asteroidea). Integrative and Comparative Biology, 50, 981992.

J.M. Lawrence Y. Agatsuma 2007. Ecology of Tripneustes. In Lawrence, J.M., ed.Edible sea urchins: biology and ecology. Amsterdam: Elsevier, 499520.

M. Lebrato , D. Iglesias-Rodriguez , R.A. Feely , D. Greeley , D.O.B. Jones , N. Suarez-Bosche , R.S. Lampitt , J.E. Cartes , D.R.H. Green B. Alker 2010. Global contribution of echinoderms to the marine carbon cycle: CaCO3 budget and benthic compartments. Ecological Monographs, 80, 441467.

J.B. McClintock 1994. The trophic biology of Antarctic echinoderms. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 111, 191202.

J.B. McClintock , J.S. Pearse I. Bosch 1988. Population structure and energetics of the hard-bottom Antarctic seastar Odontaster validus in contrasting habitats. Marine Biology, 99, 235246.

J.B.McClintock , M.O.Amsler , R.A.Angus , R.C.Challener , J.B.Schram , C.D.Amsler , C.L.Mah , J.Cuce B.J.Baker 2011. The Mg-calcite composition of Antarctic echinoderms: important implications for predicting the impacts of ocean acidification. Geology, 119, 457466.

J.S. Pearse A.C. Giese 1966. Food, reproduction and organic constitution of the common Antarctic echinoid Sterechinus neumayeri (Meissner). Biological Bulletin, 130, 387401.

J.I. Sáiz-Salinas , A. Ramos , F.J. Garcia , J.S. Troncoso , G. San Martin , C. Sanz C. Palacin 1997. Quantitative analysis of macrobenthic soft-bottom assemblages in South Shetland waters (Antarctica). Polar Biology, 17, 393400.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords:

Metrics

Altmetric attention score