Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Access
  • Cited by 11
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Parker, Graham C. Black, Andy Rexer-Huber, Kalinka Sommer, Erica and Cuthbert, Richard J. 2016. Low population density and biology of an island population of house mice Mus musculus on South Georgia. Polar Biology, Vol. 39, Issue. 7, p. 1175.

    Turney, Chris S M Jones, Richard T Lister, David Jones, Phil Williams, Alan N Hogg, Alan Thomas, Zoë A Compo, Gilbert P Yin, Xungang Fogwill, Christopher J Palmer, Jonathan Colwell, Steve Allan, Rob and Visbeck, Martin 2016. Anomalous mid-twentieth century atmospheric circulation change over the South Atlantic compared to the last 6000 years. Environmental Research Letters, Vol. 11, Issue. 6, p. 064009.

    Bannister, Daniel and King, John 2015. Föhn winds on South Georgia and their impact on regional climate. Weather, Vol. 70, Issue. 11, p. 324.

    Rogers, Alex D. Yesson, Christopher and Gravestock, Pippa 2015.

    Solomina, Olga N. Bradley, Raymond S. Hodgson, Dominic A. Ivy-Ochs, Susan Jomelli, Vincent Mackintosh, Andrew N. Nesje, Atle Owen, Lewis A. Wanner, Heinz Wiles, Gregory C. and Young, Nicolas E. 2015. Holocene glacier fluctuations. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 111, p. 9.

    Hodgson, Dominic A. Graham, Alastair G.C. Griffiths, Huw J. Roberts, Stephen J. Cofaigh, Colm Ó Bentley, Michael J. and Evans, David J.A. 2014. Glacial history of sub-Antarctic South Georgia based on the submarine geomorphology of its fjords. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 89, p. 129.

    Hodgson, Dominic A. Graham, Alastair G.C. Roberts, Stephen J. Bentley, Michael J. Cofaigh, Colm Ó Verleyen, Elie Vyverman, Wim Jomelli, Vincent Favier, Vincent Brunstein, Daniel Verfaillie, Deborah Colhoun, Eric A. Saunders, Krystyna M. Selkirk, Patricia M. Mackintosh, Andrew Hedding, David W. Nel, Werner Hall, Kevin McGlone, Matt S. Van der Putten, Nathalie Dickens, William A. and Smith, James A. 2014. Terrestrial and submarine evidence for the extent and timing of the Last Glacial Maximum and the onset of deglaciation on the maritime-Antarctic and sub-Antarctic islands. Quaternary Science Reviews, Vol. 100, p. 137.

    Turner, John Barrand, Nicholas E. Bracegirdle, Thomas J. Convey, Peter Hodgson, Dominic A. Jarvis, Martin Jenkins, Adrian Marshall, Gareth Meredith, Michael P. Roscoe, Howard Shanklin, Jon French, John Goosse, Hugues Guglielmin, Mauro Gutt, Julian Jacobs, Stan Kennicutt, Marlon C. Masson-Delmotte, Valerie Mayewski, Paul Navarro, Francisco Robinson, Sharon Scambos, Ted Sparrow, Mike Summerhayes, Colin Speer, Kevin and Klepikov, Alexander 2014. Antarctic climate change and the environment: an update. Polar Record, Vol. 50, Issue. 03, p. 237.

    Murphy, E.J. Hofmann, E.E. Watkins, J.L. Johnston, N.M. Piñones, A. Ballerini, T. Hill, S.L. Trathan, P.N. Tarling, G.A. Cavanagh, R.A. Young, E.F. Thorpe, S.E. and Fretwell, P. 2013. Comparison of the structure and function of Southern Ocean regional ecosystems: The Antarctic Peninsula and South Georgia. Journal of Marine Systems, Vol. 109-110, p. 22.

    Grant, Susie M. Convey, Pete Hughes, Kevin A. Phillips, Richard A. and Trathan, Phil N. 2012. Antarctic Ecosystems.

    Trathan, P.N. and Agnew, D. 2010. Climate change and the Antarctic marine ecosystem: an essay on management implications. Antarctic Science, Vol. 22, Issue. 04, p. 387.


Glacier retreat on South Georgia and implications for the spread of rats

  • A.J. Cook (a1), S. Poncet (a2), A.P.R. Cooper (a1), D.J. Herbert (a1) and D. Christie (a3)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 17 February 2010

Using archival photography and satellite imagery, we have analysed the rates of advance or retreat of 103 coastal glaciers on South Georgia from the 1950s to the present. Ninety-seven percent of these glaciers have retreated over the period for which observations are available. The average rate of retreat has increased from 8 Ma-1 in the 1950s to 35 Ma-1 at present. The largest retreats have all taken place along the north-east coast, where retreat rates have increased to an average of 60 Ma-1 at present, but those on the south-west coast have also been steadily retreating since the 1950s. These data, along with environmental information about South Georgia, are included in a new Geographic Information System (GIS) of the island. By combining glacier change data with the present distribution of both endemic and invasive species we have identified areas where there is an increased risk of rat invasion to unoccupied coastal regions that are currently protected by glacial barriers. This risk has significant implications for the surrounding ecosystem, in particular depletion in numbers of important breeding populations of ground-nesting birds on the island.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Glacier retreat on South Georgia and implications for the spread of rats
      Your Kindle email address
      Available formats
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Dropbox account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Glacier retreat on South Georgia and implications for the spread of rats
      Available formats
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your Google Drive account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Glacier retreat on South Georgia and implications for the spread of rats
      Available formats
Corresponding author
Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J.E. Gordon , V.M. Haynes A. Hubbard 2008. Recent glacier changes and climate trends on South Georgia. Global and Planetary Change, 60, 7284.

W.S.B. Paterson 1981. The physics of glaciers, 2nd ed. Oxford: Pergamon, 380 pp.

B.C. Robertson N.J. Gemmell 2004. Defining eradication units to control invasive species. Journal of Applied Ecology, 41, 10421048.

J. Turner , S.R. Colwell , G.J. Marshall , T.A. Lachlan-Cope , A.M. Carleton , P.D. Jones , V. Lagun , P.A. Reid J. Jagovkina 2004. The SCAR READER project: towards a high-quality data base of mean Antarctic meteorological observations. Journal of Climate, 17, 28902898.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *