N. Cannone R. Gerdol 2003. Vegetation as an ecological indicator of surface instability in rock glaciers. Arctic, Antarctic and Alpine Research, 35, 384–390.
N. Cannone , M. Guglielmin R. Gerdol 2004. Relationships between vegetation patterns and periglacial landforms in northwestern Svalbard. Polar Biology, 27, 562–571.
J.A. Fowbert R.I.L. Smith 1994. Rapid population increases in native vascular plants in the Argentine Islands, Antarctic Peninsula. Arctic and Alpine Research, 26, 290–296.
Y. Frenot , J.C. Gloaguen , M. Cannavacciuolo A. Bellido 1998. Primary succession on glacier foreland in the sub-Antarctic Iles Kerguelen. Journal of Vegetation Science, 9, 75–84.
N.R. Golledge , J.D. Everest , T. Bradwell J.S. Johnson 2010. Lichenometry on Adelaide Island, Antarctic Peninsula: size frequency studies, growth rates and snowpatches. Geografiska Annaler, 92, 111–124.
S. Harrison , S.J. Ross J.H. Lawton 1992. Beta diversity on geographic gradient in Britain. Journal of Animal Ecology, 61, 151–158.
2003. Primary plant succession on recently deglaciated terrain in the Canadian High Arctic. Journal of Biogeography, 30, 277–296.
V.J. Jones , D.A. Hodgson A. Chepstow-Lusty 2000. Paleolimnological evidence for marked Holocene environmental changes on Signy Island, Antarctica. The Holocene, 10, 43–60.
I.A. Kozeretska , I.Yu. Parnikoza , O. Mustafa , O.V. Tyschenko , S.G. Korsun P. Convey 2010. Development of Antarctic herb tundra vegetation near Arctowski Station, King George Island. Polar Science, 3, 254–261.
D.C. Lindsay 1978. The role of lichens in Antarctic ecosystems. Bryologist, 81, 268–276.
W.A. Marshall 1996. Aerial dispersal of lichen soredia in the Maritime Antarctic. New Phytologist, 134, 523–530.
D.R. Melick R.D. Seppelt 1997. Vegetation patterns in relation to climatic and endogenous changes in Wilkes Land, continental Antarctica. Journal of Ecology, 85, 43–56.
L.G. Sancho A. Pintado 2004. Evidence of high annual growth rate for lichens in the Maritime Antarctic. Polar Biology, 27, 312–319.
L.G. Sancho F. Valladares 1993. Lichen colonization of recent moraines on Livingston Island (South Shetland Is., Antarctica). Polar Biology, 13, 227–233.
N.V. Sedel'nikova V.P. Sedel'nikov 2009. The role of lichens in high-mountain phytocenosis of Siberia. Contemporary Problems in Ecology, 2, 586–592.
R.I.L. Smith 1988. Destruction of Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems by a rapidly increasing fur seal population. Biological Conservation, 45, 55–72.
R.I.L. Smith 1990. Signy Island as a paradigm of biological and environmental change in Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems. InKerry, K.R. & Hempel, G., eds.Antarctic ecosystems: ecological change and conservation. Berlin: Springer, 32–50.
R.I.L. Smith 1994. Vascular plants as bioindicators of regional warming in Antarctica. Oecologia, 99, 322–328.
R.I.L. Smith 1995. Colonization by lichens and the development of lichen dominated communities in the Maritime Antarctic. Lichenologist, 27, 473–483.
R.I.L. Smith 1996. Terrestrial and freshwater biotic components of the western Antarctic Peninsula. Foundations for ecological research west of the Antarctic Peninsula. Antarctic Research Series, 70, 15–59.
J. Svoboda G.H.R. Henry 1987. Succession in marginal Arctic environments. Arctic and Alpine Research, 19, 373–384.
C.J.F. Ter Braak P.F.M. Verdonschot 1995. Canonical correspondence analysis and related multivariate methods in aquatic ecology. Aquatic Science, 57, 255–264.
R.J. Tishkov 1986. Primary succession in Arctic tundra on the west coast of Spitsbergen (Svalbard). Polar Geography and Geology, 10, 148–156.
F. Valladares L.G. Sancho 1995. Lichen colonization and recolonization of two recently deglaciated zones in the Maritime Antarctic. Lichenologist, 27, 485–493.
S. Will-Wolf , C. Scheidegger B. McCune 2002. Methods for monitoring biodiversity and ecosystem function. InNimis, P.L., Scheidegger, C. & Wolseley, P.A., eds. Monitoring with lichens - monitoring lichens. NATO Science Series IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences, vol. 7. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 147–162.