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    Hospitaleche, Carolina Acosta Pérez, Leandro M. Marenssi, Sergio and Reguero, Marcelo 2016. Taphonomic Analysis and Paleobiological Observations ofCrossvallia unienwilliaTambussiet al.2005, the Oldest Penguin from Antarctica. Ameghiniana, Vol. 53, Issue. 3, p. 282.

    Proffitt, J. V. Clarke, J. A. and Scofield, R. P. 2016. Novel insights into early neuroanatomical evolution in penguins from the oldest described penguin brain endocast. Journal of Anatomy, Vol. 229, Issue. 2, p. 228.

    Quilty, Patrick G. Darragh, Thomas A. Gallagher, Stephen J. and Harding, Lucy A. 2016. Pliocene Mollusca (Bivalvia, Gastropoda) from the Sørsdal Formation, Marine Plain, Vestfold Hills, East Antarctica: taxonomy and implications for Antarctic Pliocene palaeoenvironments. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, p. 1.

    Park, Travis 2014. Redescription of the Miocene penguinPseudaptenodytes macraeiSimpson (Aves: Sphenisciformes) and redefinition of the taxonomic status of ?Pseudaptenodytes minorSimpson. Alcheringa: An Australasian Journal of Palaeontology, Vol. 38, Issue. 3, p. 450.


The first record of fossil penguins from East Antarctica

  • Piotr Jadwiszczak (a1), Krzysztof P. Krajewski (a2), Zinaida Pushina (a3), Andrzej Tatur (a4) and Grzegorz Zieliński (a5)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 November 2012

This paper presents the first fossil penguin from East Antarctica, and the only one known south of the Antarctic Circle. It is represented by two well-preserved elements of the wing skeleton, humerus and radius, obviously assignable to the extant genus Spheniscus. They were found in the glaciomarine succession of the Fisher Bench Formation (Fisher Massif, Prince Charles Mountains, Mac. Robertson Land), which was dated using Strontium Isotope Stratigraphy to be Late Miocene in age (10.2 Ma). They are only slightly younger than the oldest remains undoubtedly attributable to this taxon. The X-ray diffraction and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy indicate diagenetic alteration of the original bone bioapatite under dominantly marine conditions. The Late Miocene was a period of ice margin retreat and marine incursion into the Lambert embayment that followed Middle Miocene cooling of the Antarctic climate. The fossils strongly suggest that variable climatic and environmental conditions in East Antarctica may have been an important factor in the evolution of penguins there during the Neogene.

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Antarctic Science
  • ISSN: 0954-1020
  • EISSN: 1365-2079
  • URL: /core/journals/antarctic-science
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