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The 1959 Carbon-14 Symposium at Groningen

  • H. T. Waterbolk
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1 De Vries, Hl., Proc. Koninkl. Nederl. Akad, van Wetenschappen, Amsterdam, Series B, 61, no. 2 (1958).

2 To avoid misunderstanding, radio-carbon dates from Groningen mentioned in the course of this article have not been corrected.

3 Milojčić, V., Germania, 1957, 102-10.

4 Barker, H., ANTIQUITY, XXXII, 253-63 (1958).

5 Schwabedissen, H., and K. O. Münnich, Germania, 1958, 133-49.

6 Milojčić, V., Chronologie der jüngeren Steinzeit Mittel- und Südosteuropas. Berlin, 1949.

7 Milojčić, V., B.R.G.K., 33, 110-24, 1951.

8 Münnich, K. O., Science, Vol. 126, No. 3266, 194-9 (1957).

9 Vasic, M. M., Preistoriska Vinča, vol. II, Belgrade, 1936, pl. XCVI.

10 From the same site a sample was dated belonging to the Vinča culture: 3380 ± 60 (Gro 1974).

11 Milojčić, V., B.R.G.K., 33, 122 and Abb. 3 (1951).

12 Childe, V. G., The Dawn of European Civilisation, 4th ed., London, 1947, 136-45, 331.

13 In Thessaly the sequence of Neolithic cultures has recently been found to be much more complicated than was known before. According to Milojčić (Germania 37, 1959, 65-84) the results would tend to make the dates for Vinča and Starčevo a few centuries higher than he assumed in his 1949 paper.


15 Preliminary report in Nieuwe Drentse Volksalmanak, 1959, 189-96.

16 Type la according to Van der Waals and Glasbergen, Palaeohistoria, IV, 1955, 8.

17 Type 2IIb according to Van der Waals and Glasbergen, Palaeohistoria, IV, 1955, 18.

18 See Modderman, P. J. R., Berichlen R.O.B., VI, 1955, 32-43.

19 Not corrected, see note 2.

20 Van der Waals and Glasbergen, Palaeohistoria, IV, 1955, 34.

21 Pätzold, J., Nachrichten ans Niedersachsens Urgeschichte, 27, 1959, 3-13.

22 Bohmers, A., and Aq. Wouters, Palaeohistoria, V, 1956, 38.

23 Van der Waals and Glasbergen, Palaeohistoria, IV, 1955, 33.

24 The English text of this article has been improved by Dr J. J. Butler.

From 15 to 19 September, 1959, the Fifth Carbon-14 Symposium was held at the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. Some twenty-five laboratories were represented, including the Vernadski Institute of Geochemistry in Moscow. The Editor of ANTIQUITY invited Professor H. T. Waterbolk of the Biologisch-Archaeologisch Instituut of the University of Groningen, to summarize the results of this important conference and to refer to some of the problems mentioned by Professor Stuart Piggott in his note and the Editor in his Editorial of the last number of ANTIQUITY (ANITIQUITY, 1959, 298 and 238).

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  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
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