Skip to main content Accesibility Help
×
×
Home

The chronology of the introduction of pastoralism to the Cape, South Africa

  • Judith Sealy (a1) and Royden Yates (a1)
Abstract

A careful survey of reports of early sheep in southernmost Africa combines with new radiocarbon dates to revise our knowledge of early pastoralism in the Cape. The new chronology shows the keeping of domestic stock and the making of pottery are not simultaneous and intertwined but separate events in a more complex history.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Avery, G. 1975. Discussion on the age and use of tidal fish-traps (viswywers), South African Archaeological Bulletin 30: 105–13.
Avery, G. 1976. A systematic investigation of open-station shell midden sites along the southwestern Cape coast. Unpublished M.A. thesis, University of Cape Town.
Cooke, C.K. 1965. Evidence of human migrations from the rock art of southern Rhodesia, Africa 35: 263–85.
Deacon, H.J. 1979. Excavations at Boomplaas Cave: a sequence through the Upper Pleistocene and Holocene in South Africa, World Archaeology 10: 241–57.
Deacon, H.J. Deacon, J. Brooker, M. & Wilson, M.L. 1978. The evidence for herding at Boomplaas Cave in the southern Cape, South Africa, South African Archaeological Bulletin 33: 3965.
Deacon, J. 1984. Later Stone Age people and their descendants in southern Africa, in Klein, R.G. (ed.), Southern African prehistory and palaeoenvironments: 221328. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema.
Elphick, R. 1977. Kraal and Castle: Khoikhoi and the founding of white South Africa. New Haven (CT): Yale University Press.
Glfford-Gonzalez, D.P. Damrosch, D.B. Damrosch, D.R. Pryor, J. & Thunen, R.L. 1985. The third dimension in site structure: an experiment in trampling and vertical dispersal, American Antiquity 50: 803–18.
Gowlett, J.A.J. Hedges, R.E.M. Law, I.A. & Perry, C. 1987. Radiocarbon dates from the Oxford AMS system: Archaeometry Datelist 5, Archaeometry 29: 125–55.
Hughes, P.J. & Lampert, R.J. 1977. Occupational disturbance and types of archaeological deposits, Journal of Archaeological Science 4: 135–40.
Humphreys, A.J.B. 1974. A preliminary report on test excavations at Dikbosch Shelter 1, Herbert District, northern Cape, South African Archaeological Bulletin 29: 115119.
Humphreys, A.J.B. & Thackeray, A.I. 1983. Ghaap and Gariep: Later Stone Age studies in the northern Cape. Cape Town: South African Archaeological Society. Monograph series 2.
Inskeep, R.R. 1969. The archaeological background, in Wilson, M. & Thompson, L. (ed.), The Oxford history of South Africa 1: South Africa to 1870: 139. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Inskeep, R.R. 1978. The peopling of Southern Africa. Cape Town: David Philip.
Inskeep, R.R. 1987. Nelson Bay Cave, Cape Province, South Africa: the Holocene levels. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series 357(i) & (ii).
Jacobson, L. 1987. The size variability of ostrich eggshell beads from central Namibia and its relevance as a stylistic and temporal marker, South African Archaeological Bulletin 42: 55–8.
Kinahan, J. 1991. Pastoral nomads of the Central Namih Desert. Windhoek: New Namibia Books for Namibia Archaeological Trust.
Klein, R.G. 1978. A preliminary report on the larger mammals from the Boomplaas Stone Age Cave site, Cango Valley, Oudtshoorn district, South Africa, South African Archaeological Bulletin 33: 6675.
Klein, R.G. 1986. The prehistory of Stone Age herders in the Cape Province of South Africa, South African Archaeological Society Goodwin Series 5: 512.
Klein, R.G. & Cruz-Uribe, K. 1987. Large mammal and tortoise bones from Elands Bay Cave and nearby sites, western Cape Province, South Africa, in Parkington & Hall (1987): 132–63.
Klein, R.G. & Cruz-Uribe, K. 1989. Faunal evidence for prehistoric herder-forager activities at Kasteelberg, western Cape Province, South Africa, South African Archaeological Bulletin 44: 8297.
Maggs, T. & Whitelaw, G. 1991. A review of recent archaeological research on food-producing communities in southern Africa, Journal of African History 32: 324.
Mazel, A. 1979. Stow: the introduction of pastoralism to southern Africa, South African Archaeological Bulletin 34: 84.
Mazel, A. 1992. Early pottery from the eastern part of southern Africa, South African Archaeological Bulletin 47: 37.
Parkington, J.E. 1977. Follow the San: an analysis of seasonality in the prehistory of the western Cape, South Africa. Unpublished Ph.D dissertation, University of Cambridge.
Parkington, J.E. 1981. The effects of environmental change on the scheduling of visits to the Elands Bay Cave, Cape Province, SA, in Hodder, I. Isaac, G. & Hammond, N. (ed.), Pattern of the past: studies in honour of David Clarke: 341–59. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Parkington, J. & Hall, M. (ed.). 1987. Papers in the prehistory of the Western Cape, South Africa. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series 332(ii).
Robey, T.S. 1987. The stratigraphic and cultural sequence at Tortoise Cave, Verlorenvlei, in Parkington & Hall (1987): 294325.
Rudner, J. 1968. Strandloper pottery from South & South West Africa, Annals of the South African Museum 49: 441663.
Sampson, C.G. Hart, T.J.G. Wallsmith, D.L. & Blagg, J.D. 1989. The ceramic sequence in the Upper Seacow Valley: problems and implications, South African Archaeological Bulletin 44: 316.
Sandelowsky, B.H. & Viereck, A. 1969. Supplementary report on the archaeological expedition of 1962 to the Erongo Mountains of South West Africa, Cimbebasia B 1: 443.
Sandelowsky, B.H. Van Rooyen, J.H. & Vogel, J.C. 1979. Early evidence for herders in the Namib, South African Archaeological Bulletin 34: 50–1.
Schweitzer, F.R. 1979. Excavations at Die Kelders, Cape Province, South Africa: the Holocene deposits, Annals of the South African Museum 78: 101232.
Schweitzer, F.R. & Scott, K.J. 1973. Early occurrence of domestic sheep in sub-Saharan Africa, Nature 241: 547.
Schweitzer, F.R. & Wilson, M.L. 1982. Byneskranskop 1: a Late Quaternary living site in the southern Cape Province, South Africa, Annals of the South African Museum 88: 1203.
Smith, A.B. 1987. The economics of prehistoric herding at the Cape. Unpublished final project report to the Human Sciences Research Council of South Africa.
Stow, G.W. 1905. The native races of South Africa. London: Swan Sonnenschein.
Stuwer, M. & Pearson, G.W. 1993. High-precision bidecadal calibration of the radiocarbon time scale, AD 1950–500 BC and 2500–6000 BC, Radiocarbon 35: 124.
Talma, A.S. & Vogel, J.C. 1993. A simplified approach to calibrating 14C dates, Radiocarbon 35: 317–22.
Villa, P. 1982. Conjoinable pieces and site formation processes, American Antiquity 47: 276–90.
Villa, P. & Courtin, J. 1983. The interpretation of stratified sites: a view from underground, Journal of Archaeological Science 10: 267–81.
Vogel, J.C. & Visser, E. 1981. Pretoria radiocarbon dates II, Radiocarbon 23: 4380.
Voigt, E.A. 1986. Iron Age herding: archaeological and ethnoarchaeological approaches to pastoral problems, South African Archaeological Society Goodwin Series 5: 1321.
Webley, L.E. 1992a. The history and archaeology of pastoralist and hunter–gatherer settlement in the northwestern Cape, South Africa. Unpublished Ph.D thesis, University of Cape Town.
Webley, L.E. 1992b. Early evidence for sheep at Spoeg River Cave, Namaqualand, Southern African Field Archaeology 1: 313.
Wendorf, F. Schild, R. Close, A.E. Donahue, D.J. Jull, A.J.T. Zabel, T.H. Wieckowska, H. Kobusiewicz, M. Issawi, B. & Hadidi, N. EL 1984. New radiocarbon dates on the cereals from Wadi Kubbaniya, Science 225: 645–6.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed