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Cross-Dykes

  • J. P. Williams-Freeman
Extract

Short cross-dykes are found on ridges or more rarely in valley bottoms. Their essential characteristics are that they run across a narrow strip of open ground, their ends resting on obstacles which in primitive times would have been naturally impassable :— in the case of cross-ridge dykes from scarp to scarp or scarp to forest, and of cross-valley dykes across the hard gravelly bottoms between impenetrable woods. In every case that I have seen they cross the line of a primitive road.

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1 Earthworks of Cranborne Chase, p. 62 et seq.

2 Covered Ways on the Sussex Downs’, Sussex Arch. Collections 1918, 59, 3575.

3 There is just such a shallow pit at the southern end of Grim’s Bank on Little Heath, northwest of Silchester, 70 yards north of the Roman road leading to Speen. —EDITOR.

4 Caesar, B.G. II, viii.

5 Covered Ways on the Sussex Downs, pp. 63 et seq.

6 ANTIQUITY, March 1930, p. 97.

7 Mortimer, J.R. Forty years Researches, 1905.

* Two cross-valley dykes of this type have recently been noted in Hampshire.

8 Archaeology of the Cambridge Region, p. 127.

9 Covered Ways, pp. 62 et seq.

10 Sussex Archaeological Collections 1920, vol.61, 2030. [These will appear on the forthcoming revised edition of the 6-inch Ordnance Map.— EDITOR].

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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