Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The development of Sahul agriculture with Australia as bystander

  • D. E. Yen (a1)
Abstract

The distribution of food-plants—both potential and actually exploited — reflects the natural history of contact across the seas and through the region, often long before Pleistocene times. The later and the human contribution has to be discerned from varied lines of evidence. The inventive process of early domestication leading to cultivation in the Sahulian north (New Guinea) was not a part of plant adaptation in the south (Australia). Neither did species diffusion result in adoption of agriculture or stimulation towards domestication among the Aboriginal hunter-gatherers.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Allen, J. 1991. Introduction, in Allen, J. & Gosdon, C. (ed.), Report of the Lapita Homeland Project: 18. Department of Prehistory, RSPacS, Australian National University. Occasional Paper in Prehistory 20.
Ambrose, W. 1991. Manus, mortars and the kava concoction, in Pawley, A. (ed.), Man and a half: 461–9. Auckland: Polynesian Society.
Ames, O. 1939. Economic annuals and human cultures. Cambridge (MA): Botanical Museum of Harvard University.
Balgooy, M.M.J. VAN. 1976. Phytogeography, in Paijmans (ed.): 122.
Barrau, J. 1965. L’humide et le sec, Journal of the Polynesian Society 74: 329’46.
Bayliss-Smith, T. & Golson, J. 1992. A Colocasian revolution in the New Guinea Highlands?: insights from Phase 4 at Kuk, Archaeology in Oceania 27: 1–21.
Beaton, J.M. 1982. Fire and water: aspects of Australian Aboriginal management of cycads, Archaeology in Oceania 17: 51–8.
Brunton, R. 1989. The abandoned narcotic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Bulmer, R. 1964. Edible seeds and prehistoric stone mortars in the Highlands of east New Guinea, Man 64: 147–50.
Cane, S. 1989. Australian Aboriginal seed grinding and its archaeological record, in Harris & Hillman (ed.): 99119.
Christiansen, O.A. 1975. Hunters and horticulturalists: a preliminary report of the 1972-1974 excavations in the Manim Valley, Papua New Guinea, Mankind 10: 2436.
Coates, D.J., Yen, D.E. & Gaffey, P.M.. 1988. Chromosome variation in taro, Colocasia esculenta: implications for origin in the Pacific, Cytologia 53: 551–60.
Coursey, D.G. 1967. Vams. London: Longmans.
Crawford, I.M. 1982. Traditional Aboriginal plant resources in the Kalumburu area. Perth: Western Australian Museum. Records Supplement 15.
Cribb, A.B. & Cribb, J.W.. 1982. Wild food in Australia. Revised edition. Sydney: Collins/Fontana.
Donoghue, D. 1989. Carbonised plant fossils, in Beck, W. et al. (ed.), Plants in Australian archaeology. 90110. St Lucia: University of Queensland. Tempus 1.
Dransfield, J. 1981. Palms and Wallace’s Lino, in Whitmore (ed.): 43-56.
Evans, B. 1991. A variety collection of edible nut tree crops in the Solomon Islands. Honiara: Dodo Creek Research Station. Research Bulletin 8.
Flood, J.M. 1983. Archaeology of the Dreamtime. Sydney: Collins.
Fredericksen, C, Spriggs, M. & Ambrose, W.. 1993. Pamwak rockshelter: a Pleistocene site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea, in Smith et al (ed.): 144–52.
French, B.R. 1986. Food plants of Papua New Guinea. Australia: Pacific Science Foundation.
Golson, J. 1971. Australian Aboriginal food plants: some ecological and culture-historical implications, in Mulvaney & Golson (ed.): 196238.
Golson, J. 1977. No room at the top: agricultural intensification in the New Guinea Highlands, in Allen, J. et al. (ed.), Sunda and Sahul: 601–38. London: Academic Press.
Golson, J. 1982. Kuk and the history of agriculture in the New Guinea Highlands, in May, R.J. & Nelson, H. (ed.), Melanesia beyond diversity 1: 297307. Canberra: RSPacS, Australian National University.
Golson, J. 1990. Kuk and the development of agriculture: retrospection and introspection, in Yen & Mummery (ed.): 139–47.
Golson, J. 1991. The New Guinea Highlands on the eve of agriculture, Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association Bulletin 11: 8291.
Golson, J. & Gardner, D.S.. 1990. Agriculture and political organisation in New Guinea Highlands prehistory, Annual Reviews in Anthropology 19: 395417.
Gorecki, P.P. 1986. Human occupation and agricultural development in the Papua New Guinea Highlands, Mountain Research and Development 6: 159–66.
Gorecki, P.P. 1989. Prehistory of the Jimi Valley, in Gorecki & Giliieson (ed.): 130–87.
Gorecki, P.P. & Gillieson, D.S. (ed.). 1989. A crack in the spine: prehistory and ecology of the Jimi-Yuat Valley, Papua New Guinea. Townsville: Division of Anthropology and Archaeology, James Cook University of North Queensland.
Gorecki, P.P., Mahin, M. & Campbell, J.. 1991. Archaeology and geomorphology of the Vanimo coast, Papua New Guinea, Archaeology in Oceania 26: 119–22.
Groube, L. 1989. The taming of the rain forests: a model for late Pleistocene exploitation in New Guinea, in Harris&Hillman (ed.): 292304.
Groube, L., Chappell, J., Mukl, J. &Price, D.. 1986. A 40,000 year-old human occupation site at Huon Peninsula, Papua New Guinea, Nature 324: 453–5.
Haberle, S.G., Hope, G.S. & Defretes, Y.. 1991. Environmental change in the Baliem Valley, montane Irian Jaya, Indonesia, Journal of Biogeography 18: 2540.
Hallam, S.J. 1989. Plant usage and management in southwest Australian Aboriginal societies, in Harris & Hillman (ed.): 136–51.
Harris, D.R. & Hillman, G.C. (ed.). 1989. Foraging and farming. London: Unwin Hyman.
Harlan, J. 1992. Crops and man. 2nd edition. Madison (WI): American Society for Agronomy.
Hay, A. 1988. Cyrtospenna (Araceae) and its Old World allies, Blumea 33: 427–69.
Hay, A. & Wise, R.. 1991. The genus Alocasia (Araceae) in Australasia, Blumea 35: 499545.
Hayes, L.T. 1992. Plant macrofossils from archaeological sites in the Arawe Islands, Papua New Guinea. Unpublished Honours thesis, Dept of Archaeology, La Trobe University, Australia.
Isaacs, J. 1987. Bush food. McMahon’s Point: Weldons.
Johnson, R.W. 1986. Four new species of Ipomoea L., Austrobaileya 2: 217–23.
Jones, A. 1968. Chromosome numbers in Ipomoea and related genera, Journal of Heredity 59: 99101.
Jones, R. 1990. Hunters of the Dreaming: some ideational, economic and ecological parameters of the Australian Aboriginal production system, in Yen & Mummery (ed.): 2553.
Jones, R. & Bowler, J.. 1980. Struggle for the savanna: northern Australia in ecological and prehistoric perspective, in Jones, R. (ed.), Northern Australia: options and implications: 331. Canberra: RSPacS, Australian National University.
Jones, R. & Meehan, B.. 1989. Plant foods of the Gidjingali: ethnographic and archaeological perspectives from northern Australia on tuber and seed exploitation, in Hams & Hillman (ed.): 120–35.
Kirk, R. & Szathmary, E. (ed.). 1985. Out of Asia. Canberra: Journal of Pacific History.
Lawrence, P. & Meggitt, M.J.. 1965. Introduction, in Lawrence, P. & Meggitt, M.J. (ed.), Gods, ghosts and men in Melanesia: 126. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Lawrence, P. & Meggitt, M.J.. 1965. Introduction, in Lawrence, P. & Meggitt, M.J. (ed.), Gods, ghosts and men in Melanesia: 126. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Lebot, V. & Aradhya, K.M.. 1991. Isozyme variation in taro [Coìo-casia esculenta (L.) Schott) from Asia and Oceania, Euphytica 56: 5566.
Lebot, V., Aradhya, M.K. & Manshardt, R.M.. 1991. Geographic survey of genetic variation in kava [Piper methysticum Forst, f. and P. wichmanii c. DC), Pacific Science 45: 169–85.
Lebot, V. & Levesque, J.. 1989. The origin and distribution of kava [Piper methysticum Forst, f., Piperaceae): a phytochemical approach, Allertonia 5: 223–80.
Leenhouts, P.W. 1959. A monograph of the genus Canarium (Burseraceae). Leiden: Ijdo.
Loy, T., Spriggs, M. & Wickler, S.. 1992. Direct evidence for human use of plants 28,000 years ago: starch residues on stone artefacts from the northern Solomon Islands, Antiquity 66: 898912.
Macarthur, M. 1960. The food quest and the time factor in Aboriginal economic life, in Mountford, C.P. (ed.), Becords of the American-Australian scientific expedition to Arnhem Land 2: Anthropology and nutrition: 145–94. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.
Malinowski, B. 1935. Coral gardens and their magic 2. London: Allen & Unwin.
Matthews, P.J. 1990. The origins, dispersal and domestication of taro. Unpublished Ph.D thesis, Australian National University, Canberra.
Matthews, P.J. & Terauchi, R.. 1994. The genetics of agriculture: DNA variation in taro and yam, in Hather, J.G. (ed.), Tropical archaeohotany: applications and new developments: 251–62. London: Routledge.
Meggitt, M. 1964. Aboriginal food-gatherers of tropical Australia, in International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, Proceedings and Papers, 9th Technical Meeting, The Ecology of Man in the Tropical Environment: 3037. Morges: IUCN.
Modjeska, C.N. 1982. Production and inequality: perspectives from central New Guinea, in Strathern, A. (ed.), Inequality in New Guinea Highlands societies: 50108. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Mulvanky, D.J. 1975. The prehistory of Australia. Revised edition. Melbourne: Penguin.
Mulvaney, D.J. & Golson, J. (ed.). 1971. Aboriginal man and environment. Canberra: Australian National University Press.
Nix, H.A. & Kalma, J.D.. 1972. Climate as a dominant control in the biogeography of northern Australia and New Guinea, in Walker, D. (ed.), Bridge and barrier: the natural and cultural history of Torres Strait: 6191. Canberra: Department of Biogeography & Geomorphology, RSPacS, Australian National University.
O’Connell, J.F., Latz, P.K. & Barnett, P.. 1983. Traditional and modern plant use among the Alyawara of central Australia, Economic Botany 37: 80109.
Ooststroom, S.J. & Hoogland, R.D.. 1954. Convolvulaceae, Flora Malesiana Series 1, 4: 388511.
Paijmans, K. (ed.). 1976. New Guinea vegetation. Canberra: CSIRO.
Powell, J.M. 1976. Ethnobotany, in Paijmans (ed.): 106–83.
Rhoads, J.W. 1980. Through a glass darkly. Unpublished Ph.D thesis, Australian National University.
Rhoads, J.W. 1982. Sagopalm management in Melanesia: an alternative perspective. Archaeology in Oceania 17: 2027.
Ruddle, K., Johnson, D., Townsend, P.K. & Rees, J.D.. 1978. Palm sago. Honolulu (HI): East-West Center.
Sauer, J.D. 1971. A reevaluation of the coconut as indicator of human dispersal, in Riley, C.L. et al. (ed.), Man across the sea: 309–19. Austin (TX): University of Texas Press.
Simmonds, N.W. 1959. Bananas. London: Longmans.
Simmonds, N.W. 1962. The evolution of bananas. London: Longmans.
Smith, M.A. 1986. The antiquity of seedgrinding in central Australia, Archaeology in Oceania 21: 2939.
Smith, M.A. 1987. Pleistocene occupation in arid central Australia, Nature 328:710–11.
Smith, M.A. 1989. Seed gathering in inland Australia: current evidence from seed-grinders on the antiquity of the ethno-historical pattern of exploitation, in Harris & Hillman (ed.): 305–17.
Smith, M.A. & Sharp, N.. 1993. Pleistocene sites in Australia, New Guinea and island Melanesia: geographic and temporal structure of the archaeological record, in Smith et al. (ed.): 3759.
Smith, M.A., Spriggs, M. & Fankhauser, B. (ed.). 1993. Sahul in review. Canberra: Department of Prehistory, RSPacS, Australian National University.
Soos, A. & Latz, P.. 1987. The status and management of the native sweet potato Ipomoea polpha in the Northern Territory. Darwin: Conservation Commission of the Northern Territory.
Spriggs, M. 1985. The Lapita cultural complex: origins, distribution, contemporaries and successors, in Kirk & Szathmary (ed.): 185206.
Spriggs, M. 1993. Pleistocene agriculture in the Pacific: why not?, in Smith et al. (ed.): 137–43.
Stone, B.C. 1963. The role of Pandanus in the culture of the Marshall Islands, in Barrau, J. (ed.), Plants and the migrations of Pacific peoples: 6182.
Telford, I.R.H. 1986. Dioscoreaceae, Flora of Australia 46: 196202.
Tonkinson, R. 1978. The Mardudjara Aborigines: living the dream in Australia’s desert. New York (NY): Holt, Rinehart & Winston.
Tryon, D.T. 1985. The peopling of the Pacific: a linguistic appraisal, in Kirk & Szathmary (ed.): 147–59.
White, J.P. 1971. New Guinea and Australian prehistory: the‘Neolithic’ problem, in Mulvaney & Golson (ed.): 182–95.
White, J.P, Crook, K.A. & Ruxton, B.P.. 1970. Kosipc: a late Pleistocene site in the Papuan Highlands, Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 36: 152–70.
White, J.P. & O’Connell, J.F. 1982. A prehistory of Australia, New Guinea and Sahul. Sydney: Academic Press.
Whitmore, T.C. (ed.). 1981a. Wallace’s Line and plate tectonics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Whitmore, T.C. (ed.). 1981b. Wallace’s line and some other plants, in Whitmore (ed.): 7080.
Wilder, G.P. 1928. The breadfruit in Tahiti. Honolulu (HI): Bishop Museum. Bulletin 50.
Williams, F.E. 1936. Papuans of the Trans-Fly. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Williams, F.E. 1969 reprint. 1940–41. The natives of Lake Kutubu, Papua, Oceania 1112.
Wilson, S.M. 1985. Phytolith evidence from Kuk, an early agricultural site in Papua New Guinea, Archaeology in Oceania 20: 9097.
Yen, D.E. 1971. The development of agriculture in Oceania, in Green, R.C. & Kelly, M. (ed.), Studies in Oceanic culture history 2: 112. Honolulu (HI). Pacific Anthropological Records 12.
Yen, D.E. 1985. Wild plants and domestication in Pacific islands, in Misra, V.N. & Bellwood, P. (ed.), Becent advances in Indo-Pacific prehistory: 315–26. New Delhi: Oxford & IBH. Publishing.
Yen, D.E. 1989. The domestication of environment, in Harris & Hillman (ed.): 5575.
Yen, D.E. 1990. Environment, agriculture and the colonisation of the Pacific, in Yen & Mummery (ed.): 258277.
Yen, D.E. 1991. Domestication: the lessons from New Guinea, in Pawley, A. (ed.), Man and a half: 558–69. Auckland: Polynesian Society.
Yen, D.E., Gaffey, P.M. & Coates, D.J.. 1992. Chromosome numbers of Australian species of Ipomoea L. (Convolulaceae), Austrobaileya 3: 749–55.
Yen, D.E. & Mummery, J.M.J. (ed.). 1990. Pacific production systems: approaches to economic prehistory. Department of Prehistory, RSPacS, Australian National University. Occasional Papers in Prehistory 18.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed