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Excavations at Pirincay in the Paute Valley of southern Ecuador, 1985–1988

  • Karen Olsen Bruhns (a1), James H. Burton (a2) and George R. Miller (a3)
Extract

The Formative in the northern Andes

The northern Andean regions, encompassing northernmost Peru, all of Ecuador and the southern provinces of Colombia, remain archaeologically very poorly known. Although the past 30 years have witnessed an increasing number of archaeological projects in coastal zones, especially the Santa Elena Peninsula, work in the highlands outside of the greater Quito commute zone has lagged sadly behind. Southern Ecuador, in particular, has had little investigation since earlier this century when first Max Uhle, then Donald Collier, John Murra and, finally, Wendell Bennett, demonstrated the existence of ‘Formative’ cultures in Ecuador through their investigations at sites along the Tomebamba and Paute rivers of Azuay province and at Cerro Narrío, just to the north in the Cañar Valley (Uhle 1922; Collier & Murra 1943; Bennett 1946; FIGURE 1).

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The preliminary investigations at Pirincay, on the Atlantic watershed of the southern Ecuadorian Andes, were briefly described in the March 1987 ANTIQUITY. Since that article, much more of the site has been excavated, and analyses of excavated materials have clearly delineated its role in transandean trade during the last two millennia BC

Footnotes
References
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Bennett, W.C. 1946. Excavations in the Cuenca Region, Ecuador. New Haven: Yale University Press. Yale Publications in Anthropology 35.
Bruhns, K.O. 1989. Intercambio entre la costa y la sierra en el Formativo Tardío: nuevas evidencias del Azuay, in Bouchard, J-F. & Guinea, M. (ed.): flelaciones interculfurales en el area ecuatorial del Pácifico durante la epoca precolombina: 5774. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports. International series 503.
Bruhns, K.O. 1988-1989. Prehispanic weaving and spinning implements from southern Ecuador, The Textile Museum Journal 2728: 7077.
Bruhns, K.O. In press. Los talleres de cristal de roca de Pirincay, Provincia del Azuay y el intercambio entre la sierra y la costa en el Formativo Tardxío, Misce-lanea Antropolbgica Ecuatoriana.
Bushnell, G.H.S. 1946. An archaeological collection from Macas, on the eastern slopes of the Ecuadorian Andes., Man 46 (2): 36393.
Collier, D. & Murra., J.C. 1943. Survey and excavations in southern Ecuador. Chicago: Field Museum of Natural History. Anthropological series 35.
Hammond, N. & Bruhns., K.O. 1987. The Paute Valley project in Ecuador, 1984, Antiquity 61: 506.
Gilmore, R.M. 1948. Fauna and ethnozoology of South America, in Steward, J.S. (ed.), Handbook of South American Indians: 345464. Washington (D.C.): Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology. Bulletin 143 (6).
Gomis, D. 1989. La alfareria de Chaullabamba. Cuenca: Catedral Salvaje, Revista Cultural del editorial El Conejo, circula con ‘El Mercurio’: 24: 45. (11 June 1989).
Harner, M.J. 1973. The Jivaro: people of the sacred waterfalls. Garden City (NY): Doubleday Anchor.
Lynch, T.F. & Polloc, S.. 1981. La arqueologýa de la Cueva Negra de Chobshi, Miscelanea Antropólogica Ecuatoriana 1: 92119.
Miller, G.R. & GILL, A.. 1990. Zooarchaeology at Pirincay, Ecuador, Journal of Field Archaeology 17 (1): 4868.
Porras Garces, P.I. 1987. Investigaciones Arqueoiógicas a las Faidas del Sangay: Tradición Upano. Quito: Centro de Investigaciones Arqueológicas, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador.
Rostocker, A.G. 1988. An archaeological collection from eastern Ecuador. Unpublished M.A. thesis in anthropology, San Francisco State University. CA.
Sauer, W. 1971. Geologie von Ecuador. Berlin: Gebrüder Borntraeger. Beiträge zur regionalen Geologie der Erde. Band 11.
Shady, R. & Rosas, H.. 1979. El complejo Bagua y el sistema de establecimientos durante el Formativo en la sierra norte del Perú, Ñawpa Pacha 17: 10942.
Uhle, M. 1922. Influencias mayas en el alto Ecuador. Quito: Academia Nacional de Historia. Boletín de la Academia Nacional de Historia 4: 20540; 5: 13.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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