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‘Gifts for the gods’: lake-dwellers' macabre remedies against floods in the Central European Bronze Age

  • Francesco Menotti (a1), Benjamin Jennings (a1) and Hartmut Gollnisch-Moos (a2)
Abstract

The lake-dwellings of the Circum-Alpine region have long been a rich source of detailed information about daily life in Bronze Age Europe, but their location made them vulnerable to changes in climate and lake level. At several Late Bronze Age examples, skulls of children were found at the edge of the lake settlement, close to the encircling palisade. Several of the children had suffered violent deaths, through blows to the head from axes or blunt instruments. They do not appear to have been human sacrifices, but the skulls may nonetheless have been offerings to the gods by communities faced with the threat of environmental change.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

I. Armit 2012. Headhunting and the body in Iron Age Europe. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139016971

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M.J. Green 2002. Humans as ritual victims in the later prehistory of Western Europe. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 17: 169–89. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-0092.00057

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F. Menotti 2012. Wetland archaeology and beyond: theory and practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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