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Healthy but mortal: human biology and the first farmers of western Europe

  • Mary Jackes (a1), David Lubell (a1) and Christopher Meiklejohn (a2)

What do we know about the effects of the transition to agriculture on human biology? A literature has grown up that gives us the impression that we know a great deal about what happened to bones and teeth when people became sedentary farmers. A review of the sources of these ideas and the evidence supporting them, especially based on work in Portugal, reveals that a reconsideration of the biological consequences of farming in Europe is overdue.

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