Skip to main content Accessibility help

Home sapiens or Castor fiber?

  • J. M. Coles and B. J. Orme

Following the development of pollen analysis in the earlier part of this century, much effort was devoted to unravelling the sequence of vegetational change during and after the retreat of the last European ice-sheets. The outlines established, questions of causation came to the fore, and the debate focused on factors such as climatic change, rate of species migration from glacial refuges, and natural vegetational succession. In more recent decades, a further factor has been widely investigated, namely the possible influence of humans on the landscape, principally as farmers and smiths. The development and modification of hypotheses is well illustrated by the Elm Decline of the Atlantic period, where climate (Iversen, 1941) or man (Troels-Smith, 1960) and occasionally disease (see refs in Simmons & Tooley, 1981, 134) have been held responsible for a widespread but by no means straightforward decline in elm pollen.

Hide All
Anon, 1978. Mammals of Algonquin Provincial Park (Ontario: Ministry of Natural Resources).
Ashbee, P, Smith, I. F. & Evans, J. G. 1976. Excavation of three long barrows near Avebury, Wiltshire, Proc. Prehist. Soc” XLV, 207300.
Balaam, N Smith, K. & Wainwright, G. J. 1982. The Shaugh Moor Project: 4th report: Environment, context and conclusion, Proc. Prehist. Soc.., XLVIII, 20378.
Barker, F& Webley, D 1978. (with comment by J. G. Evans). Causewayed camps and Early Neolithic economies in central southern England, Proc. Prehist. Soc., XLIV, 16186.
Bell, M& Limbrey, S (eds). 1982. Archaeological aspects of woodland ecology. BAR, S146 (Oxford).
Bŏkŏnyi, S 1975. Vlasac: an early site of dog domestication, in Clason, 1975, 16778.
Clark, J.G. D 1952. Star Carr (Cambridge).
Clason, A.T (ed.). 1975. Archaeozoological studies (Amsterdam).
Coles, J.M, Fleming, A. M. & Orme, B. J. 1980. The Baker site: a Neolithic platform, Somerset Levels Papers, 6, 623.
Coles, J.M & Orme, B. J 1982.Beaver in the Somerset Levels: some new evidence, Somerset Levels Papers, 8, 6773.
Coy, J 1982. Woodland mammals in Wessex—the archaeological evidence, in Bell & Limbrey, 1982, 28796.
Edwards, K.J 1979. Palynological and temporal inference in the context of prehistory, with reference to the evidence from lake and peat deposits, J. Archaeol. Sci., 6 25570.
1982. Man, space and the woodland edge—speculation on the detection and interpretation of human impact in pollen profiles?in Bell & Limbrey, 1982, 522.
Evans, J.G 1975. The environment of early man in the British Isles (London).
Evans, J.G French, C. & Leighton, D. 1978. Habitat change in two late-glacial and post-glacial sites in southern Britain: the molluscan evidence, in Limbrey & Evans, 1978, 6374.
Evans, J.G, Limbrey, S & Cleere, H. (eds). The effects of man on the landscape: the Highland Zone (London: CBA).
Evans, P 1975. The intimate relationship: an hypothesis concerning pre-Neolithic land use, in Evans, Limbrey & Cleere, 1975, 438.
Girling, M.A 1982. Fossil insect faunas from forest sites, in Bell & Limbrey, 1982, 12946.
Girling, M.A & Grieg, J. R. A. 1977. Palaeoecological investigations of a site at Hampstead Heath, London, Nafure 268, 457.
Groenman-Van Wateringe, W 1978. The impact of Neolithic man on the landscape in the Netherlands, in Limbrey & Evans, 1978, 13546.
Iversen, J 1941. Landnam: Danmarks Stenalder, Danm. Geol. Unders., II RK. Nr, 66, 168.
Kruk, J 1980. The neolithic settlement of southern Poland. BAR, S93 (Oxford).
Kulczycka-Leciejewiczowa, A 1970. The Linear and stroked pottery cultures, in T. Wislanski (ed.). The Neolithic in Poland (Warsaw), 1475.
Limbrey, S 1982. The honeybee and woodland resources, in Bell & Limbrey, 1982, 27986.
Limbrey, S& Evans, J. G (eds). 1978. The effect of man on the landscape: the Lowland Zone (London: CBA).
Mellars, P.A 1975. Ungulate populations, economic patterns and the mesolithic landscape, in Evans, Limbrey & Cleere, 1975, 4956.
1976. Fire ecology, animal populations and man: a study of some ecological relationships in prehistory. Proc. Prehist. Soc., XLII, 1545.
Modderman, P.J. R 1970. Litiearbandkeramik aus Elsloo und Stein. Nederlands Oudheden 3.
MÜller, H 1964. Die Haustiere der mitteldeutschen Bandkeramiker. Schriften der Sektion fiir Vor- und Friihgeschichte, 17.
Pavlu, L 1977. K metodice analyzy sidlisti s linearni keramikou, Pamatky Archaeologtcke, 68, 555.
Peake, H 1935. The origin of the Kennet peat, Trans. Newbury and District Field Club 7, 11626.
Pennington, W 1975. The effect of Neolithic man on the environment of north-west England: the use of absolute pollen diagrams?in Evans, Limbrey & Cleere, 1975, 7485.
Poplin, F 1975. La faune danubienne d’Armeau (Yonne, France): ses donnees sur ractivite humaine, in Clason, 1975, 17992.
Roosens, H& Lux, G. v. 1969. Een nederzetting uit der ijzertijd op de staberg te Rosmeer, Arch. Belgica, 190.
Rowley-Conwy, P 1982. Forest grazing and clearance in temperate Europe with special reference to Denmark: an archaeological view, in Bell & Limbrey, 1982, 199215.
Rowley-Conwy, P 1982. Forest grazing and clearance in temperate Europe with special reference to Denmark: an archaeological view, in Bell & Limbrey, 1982, 199215.
Ščeglova, V. V 1975. Einige Angaben Über die altesten Haustiere Belorusslands, in Clason, 1975, 193205.
Simmons, I & Tooley, M. (eds). 1981. The environment in British prehistory (London).
Sims, R .E 1978. Man and vegetation in Norfolk, in Limbrey & Evans, 1978, 5762.
SjØvold, T(ed.). 1982. Introduksjonen av Jordbruk i Nor den (Det Norske Videnskaps-Akademi).
Smith, A. G 1970. The influence of mesolithic and neolithic man on British vegetation: a discussion, in (eds) D. Walker & R. G. West, Studies in the vegetational history of the British Isles (Cambridge), 8196.
1981, Palynology of a mesolithic-neolithic site in co. Antrim N. Ireland, Fourth Internat. Palynology Conference (Lucknow), vol.3 (1976–77), 24857.
Soudsky, B 1974. Les fouilles protohistoriques dans la Vallee de l’Aisne, Vol.2 (Paris).
Spratt, D & Simmons, I 1976. Prehistoric activity and environment on the North York Moors, J. Archaeol. Sci., 3, 193210.
Strickland, D .N.D Algonquin spruce bog ecology. Spruce bog boardwalk (Min. INatural Resources, Canada).
Thomas, K .D 1982. Neolithic enclosures and woodland habitats on the South Downs in Sussex?England, in Bell & Limbrey, 1982, 14771.
Troes-smith, J 1960. Ivy, mistletoe and elm: climatic indicators fodder plants: a contribution to the interpretation of the pollen zone border VII–VIII, Danm. GeoL Unders” IV KH, Nr 4, 132.
Welten, M 1982. Vegetationsgeschichtliche Unter- suchungen in den westlichen Schweizer Alpen: Bem-Wallis, Mem. Soc. Helvetique Sci. Naturelle, 95, 7104.
Woodman, P 1978. The Mesolithic in Ireland’ BAR 58(Oxford)
Wymer, J. J 1962. Excavations at the Maglemosian sites at Thatcham, Berkshire, England, Proc. Prehist. Soc.y XXVIII, 32961.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed