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Investigating the spatial organisation of Bronze and Iron Age fortress complexes in the South Caucasus

  • Nathaniel L. Erb-Satullo (a1), Dimitri Jachvliani (a2), Tuna Kalayci (a3), Marine Puturidze (a4) and Katie Simon (a3)...

The South Caucasus has been largely absent in broader discussions of prehistoric population aggregation in Greater Eurasia. The authors use remote sensing, surface collection and magnetometry to investigate two hilltop fortress settlements at the margins of the Kura River Basin, with a particular emphasis on satellite settlements around the main hills. The results support a model of settlement growth in which previously mobile groups settled around the fortress, while maintaining a degree of spatial and social separation. The use of multiple survey techniques reveals a complex picture of settlement organisation, with implications for comparative analysis of prehistoric population aggregation models.

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