Skip to main content

Maiden Castle: excavation, education, entertainment?

  • G. J. Wainwright and B. W. Cunliffe

In its developed or final form Maiden Castle, some two miles (3.2 km) south-west of Dorchester in Dorset, is an iron age hillfort, of great complexity, which takes in two knolls of a saddle-backed spur of Upper Chalk, the highest point of which is about 440 ft (c. 134 m) above OD. The defences enclose47 acres (c. 18 ha) and consist of three banks and two ditches with an additional bank inserted along most of the south side. There are two entrances, at the east and at the west, each with double openings elaborately defended by outworks. The outstandingly imposing character of Maiden Castle is derived from the size and complexity of these earthwork defences rather than from its altitude or the natural defensive advantages of its position. Ptolemy has been thought to supply a hint as to the ancient name of Maiden Castle. The conventional identification of Roman Dnrchester is with the Durnovania of the Antonine Itinerary. Ptolemy omits that placename, but mentions Dunium in the same region as the one city apparently worthy of mention in the territory of the Durotriges (Geographia I, 103, ed. C Müller (1883)). Dunium was long ago identified with Maiden Castle. This may well be so, although recently Hod Hill and Hengistbury have also been put forward as possibilities. Part of the hillfort lies on the site of a neolithic causewayed enclosure and it also surrounds a unique ‘long-mound’ of the same period, a bronze age round barrow and the foundations of a Romano-British temple and accompanying buildings.

Hide All
Prehistoric Society, 1984. Prehistory, priorities and society: the way forward.
Wheeler, R. E. M. 1943. Maiden Castle, Dorset, Rep. Res. Comm. Soc. Ants London, 12.
Wheeler, R. E. M. 1956. Archaeology from the earth.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *

Related content

Powered by UNSILO


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed