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Megalithic and Other Art: Centre and West

  • T. G. E. Powell
Extract

The occurrence of designs cut on the stone walling slabs of certain prehistoric tombs in Central Germany has led from time to time to a search for comparisons, even prototypes, in the mural art of megalithic tombs in Atlantic Europe. Within recent years, some new observations and discoveries of considerable interest have been made principally as a result of a re-excavation at the well-known Lohne (Züschen) megalithic tomb near Fritzlar, and through the excavation of a tumulus on the Dölauer Heide near HallelSaale (FIG. I).

The first of these monuments is a large, megalithically constructed, collective tomb with a long rectangular chamber entered through a port-hole slab which is set between the main chamber and a short ante-chamber. The whole monument is set in a trench so that the roof was approximately at ground level. This is one of a group of such tombs in Hesse; there is a neighbouring group in Westphalia, and these are related both to a group in Sweden, and, more particularly, to the classic tombs of this type in the Paris Basin (SOM). The Dölau tumulus is something quite different, for in it, amongst other things, has been found a stone-constructed grave for only one individual. The wall and cap-stones are of moderate size but not megalithic, and the grave can be likened in various respects to some three other stone-built graves, all in the Halle district, and of which the best known was that found at Göhlitzsch with its representations of bow, quiver, and battle-axe, cut, with other decoration, on the wall faces.

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References
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Behrens, H. (1958 a). ‘Ein Neolithischer Grabhiigel mit Darunterliegendem Hausgrundriss bei Halle (Saale)’, 9398, in Kramer, W. edit., Neue Ausgrabungen in Deutschland. (Berlin, 1958.)
Behrens, H. (1958 b). ‘Reichverziertes Steinkammergrab und Trapezgrabenanlage unter einem neolithischen Grabhiigel in der Dölauer” Heide bei Halle/Saale’, Ausgrabungen und Funde, III (1958), 196199.
Behrens, H. (1958 c). ‘Ein jungsteinzeitlicher Grabhügel von mehschichtigem Aufbau in der Dölauer Heide bei Halle (Saale)’, Jahresschrift fur Mitteldeutsche Vorgeschichte, 41/42 (1958), 21342.
Behrens, H., Fasshauer, P., and Kirchner, H. (1956). ‘Ein neues innenverziertes Steinkammergrab der Schnurkeramik aus der Dölauer Heide bei Halle (Saale)’, Jahresschrift, op. cit., 40 (1956), 1350.
Kirchner, H. (1955). Die Menhir in Mitteleuropa und der Menhirgedanke (Akademie der Wissenschaft und der Literatur. Mainz, 1955).
Uenze, O. (1956). Die ersten Bauern, Vorgeschichte von Nordhessen, 2 Teil. (Marburg/Lahn, 1956.)
Uenze, O. (1958). ‘Neue Zeichensteine aus dem Kammergrab von Züschen’, 99106, in Krämer, W. edit., op cit.
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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