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Notes on Minoan Chronology

Extract

Most statements on the subject of Aegean chronology depend and will continue to depend on the Minoan system evolved by Sir Arthur Evans, who based his absolute dating chiefly on synchronisms with Egypt according to the chronology laid down by Dr Eduard Meyer.

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1 Aegyptische Chronologie.

2 For the latest revision of L.M. I and II dates here followed see Evans’ Palace of Minos, II, p. 7.

3 Die Altere Chronologie Babyloniens, Assyriens und Ãgyptens.

4 Reisner, ANTIQUITY, June 1931, p. 200, 9 ff.

5 Palace of Minos II, I, p. 30, fig. 12 ; Pendlebury, loc. cit. p. 21.

6 Palace of Minos II, p. 31, fig. 28 ; Pendlebury, loc. cit. p. 21.

7 Palace of Minos I, p. 65, fig. 31.

8 Palace of Minos II, pp. 16 and 17, and fig. 6.

9 I have not considered the alternative chronology put forward by Sir Flinders Pétrie, but see CartA, Anc. Hist. 1, p. 166 ff, and the bibliography on p. 629.

10 Schaeffer, Ugaritica III, p. 18, etc., and references cited there.

11 Pendlebury, loc. cit. p. 29.

12 B.S.A. Suppl. 1923, p. 125, pl. XXVII ; Pendlebury, loc. cit. p. 33 ; Hall, Civilization of Greece in the Bronze Age, p. 273, note.

13 Mycenae Tomb 518, c.f. Wace, Archaeologia LXXXII, p. 223 ; Pendlebury, p. 57. Asine c.f. Frodin-Persson, B.S.R. de Lettres de Lund, 1924-5, p. 87, pl. XXXIX. Isopata, c.f. Evan Prehistoric Tombs, p. 151 and fig. 128.

14 Seager, Mochlos, p. 80, fig. 47, 3 ; pl. II, M. 3.

15 Xanthoudides, Vaulted Tombs of Mesara, p. 65 and pl. XXXIXa.

16 Xanthoudides, loc. cit. p. 65.

17 Xanthoudides, loc. cit. p. 101 and pl. LIII, 6.

18 ’Aρχαιоλоγικòυ IV, p. 19, kg. 15.

19 Pernier, etc., in II Palazzo Minoico di Festos and articles in Annuario.

20 Chapouthier, Charbonneaux, etc., in Etudes Crétoises (Mattia).

21 Marinatos in Eph. Arch.

22 Pendlebury, The Archaeology of Crete.

23 Frodin and Persson, Asine and the Swedish Excavations at Asea, Dendra, etc. ; Valmin, The Swedish Messenia Expedition, etc.

24 G. Karo, Die Schachtgräber von Mykenae.

25 K. Miiller, Tiryns III and IV.

26 Kunze, Orchomenos II and III.

27 Buschor, Ath. Mitt. LX and LXI.

28 E. Eccles, J.H.S. 1938, p. 231, and 1939, p. 131.

29 Prehistoric Macedonia.

30 Lamb, Excavations at Thermi.

31 Gjerstad, etc., Swedish Cyprus Expedition.

32 J. Stewart, C. A. Schaeffer, etc.; see Dikaios Arch, LXXXVIII, pp. 1-174.

33 C. A. Schaeffer, Ugaritica.

34 Sir Leonard Woolley, Antiquaries Journal, Jan. 1939.

35 R. W. Hamilton, Palestine Quarterly.

36 IIρακτικά, 1929, 1930.

37 ANTIQUITY no. 52 (Dec. 1939), pp. 425-40.

38 T. J. Dunbabin, ‘Archaeology in Greece, 1939-45’, J.H.S., vol.LXIV; Weinberg’s Apekosari is presumably a printer’s error.

39 loc. cit. pp. 138-47.

40 Archaeology of Crete, Introduction, p. XXXI.

41 A.J.A. XLIX, 1945, pp. 1-25.

42 Kretische Kunst., pp. 27-30; see also N. Platon in Kρητιά χρоυικά, vol. I, no. 3, pp. 505-24.

43 A.J.A. II, no. 1 Jan.-March, 1947.

44 A.J A. II, no. 2 April-June, 1947.

45 J.N.E.S. I.

46 B.A.S.O.R., no. 77.

47 Die Bedeutungslösigkeit der Sothisperiode Acta Orientalia XVII.

48 S. Smith, loc. cit.

49 C. A. Schaeffer, Ugaritica I, pp. 55, 56, and figs. 43, 44.

50 ANTIQUITY, no. 70 (1945), p. 57.

51 Excavations at Thermi.

52 Wainwright, loc. cit.

53 Weidner, J.H.S. LIX, pp. 137, 138.

54 Iraq, vol. IX, part 1, p. 74.

55 H. D. Hansen, Early Civilization in Thessaly, G. Mylonas, ‘H N∊оλιθικ1F74; ’Eπоχὴ ∊υ ‘Eλλάδι L.

56 Prehistoric Macedonia.

57 loc. cit.

58 Orchomenos III and IV.

59 Weinberg, loc. cit. for summing up and bibliography.

60 A.J.A., vol. LI, no. 2, April-June 1947, pp. 165-82.

61 Weinberg, loc cit. p. 176 ; Tsoundas, Eph. Arch. 1908, pp. 67, 68, p.

62 Weinberg, loc. cit. p. 174, footnote 71.

63 Valmin, Malthi, p. 272.

64 Weinberg, loc. cit. quoting Miss Benton.

65 Blegen, A .J. A. XXXIX, 1935, p. 34.

66 M. Goldman, Excavations at Eutresis.

67 O. Frodin and A. W. Persson, Asine, p. 432.

68 loc. cit, p. 169, foll.

69 BronZezeitliche und Früheisenzeitliche Chronologie.

70 Åberg, loc. cit. pp. 100-3.

71 Åberg, loc. cit. pp. 243-9.

72 Pendlebury, loc. cit. p. 54, footnote 2.

73 Xanthoudides, Vaulted Tombs of the Mesara. Marinatos, ’Aρχ Δ∊λτ, XII, p. 102.

74 Weinberg, loc. cit. pp. 168-71 ; H. Goldman, Excavations at Entresis.

75 Soteriades, Rev. des Etudes Grecques XXV, 1912, p. 276.

76 Weinberg, loc. cit. pp. 179-180.

77 L.A.A.A., vol. XXII, p. 132, a reference I owe to Professor Childe.

78 Åberg, pp. 211, 212 and figs. 389, 390 (Malla), 391 (Gournia), 392 (Pseira).

79 Uruk and Yortan, Iraq.

80 Swiatowit, 1938, pp. 1-61.

81 A.J.A., vol. LI, Jan-March 1947, pp. 1-103, ‘ The Aegean and the Orient in the Second Millennium B.C.’

82 Reference not to hand.

83 I noted these on a visit but am not certain if they are published.

84 loc. cit. p. 20, footnote 31.

85 Klio XXXII, 1940, pp. 339-75.

86 Zur Rosse und Kultur im Minoischen Kreta Worter und Sachen, 1939.

87 Rassenkinde Europas.

88 Rosse und Seele.

89 Observed by me on the first week of November, 1941 ; I do not remember whether it has been published or not.

90 loc. cit. pp. 223, 224.

91 Klio XXXII, 1939-40, pp. 131-47.

92 ‘Aρ∊ XII, p. 102.

93 M. E. L. Mallowan and J. C. Rose, Prehistoric Assyria, pp. 25-34, figs. 7-24.

94 be. cit.

95 E. Vernier, Mémoires de l’Institut Française d’archéologie orientale, 1907, pl. 24, 2.

96 Wegner, Mitteilungen des deutschen Instituts für. Ägyptische Altertumskunde in Kairo IV, 1933. pp. 79-80.

97 Davies, Rekh-mi-Re II, pl. 48, and Five Theban Tombs, pl. 32.

98 Kantor, loc. cit. pl. XXI C, D.

99 (i) The Mycenaean Pottery, Analysis and Classification; (ii) The Chronology of Mycenaean Pottery.

100 Banti, Annuario della R. Scuola Arch, di Atene, I-II, New Series, pp. 9-39.

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