Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Parchmarks at Stonehenge, July 2013

  • Simon Banton (a1), Mark Bowden (a2), Tim Daw (a3), Damian Grady (a2) and Sharon Soutar (a2)...
Abstract

Despite being one of the most intensively explored prehistoric monuments in western Europe, Stonehenge continues to hold surprises. The principal elements of the complex are well known: the outer bank and ditch, the sarsen circle capped by lintels, the smaller bluestone settings and the massive central trilithons. They represent the final phase of Stonehenge, the end product of a complicated sequence that is steadily being refined (most recently in Darvill et al. ‘Stonehenge remodelled’, Antiquity 86 (2012): 1021–40). Yet Stonehenge in its present form is incomplete—some of the expected stones are missing—and it has sometimes been suggested that it was never complete; that the sarsen circle, for example, was only ever finished on the north-eastern side, facing the main approach along the Avenue. A chance appearance of parchmarks, however, provides more evidence.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Ashbee, P. 1998. Stonehenge: its possible non-completion, slighting and dilapidation. Wiltshire Archaeology and Natural History Magazine 91: 139–42.
Bowden, M.C.B., Soutar, S., Field, D.J. & Barber, M.J.. Forthcoming. “A striking picture of ancient times”: analysing the Stonehenge World Heritage Site landscape. Swindon: English Heritage.
Cleal, R.M.J., Walker, K.E. & Montague, R.. 1995. Stonehenge in its landscape: twentieth-century excavations. London: English Heritage.
Darvill, T., Marshall, P., Pearson, M. Parker & Wainwright, G.J.. 2012. Stonehenge remodelled. Antiquity 86: 1021-40.
David, A., Cole, M., Horsley, T., Linford, N., Linford, P. & Martin, L.. 2004. A rival to Stonehenge? Geophysical survey at Stanton Drew, England. Antiquity 78: 341-48.
Evans, R. & Catt, J.A.. 1987. Causes of crop patterns in eastern England. Journal of Soil Science 38: 309-24. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2389.1987.tb02147.x
Featherstone, R., Horne, P., Macleod, D. & Bewley, R.. 1995. Aerial reconnaissance in England, summer 1995. Antiquity 69: 981-88.
Field, D.J. & Pearson, T.. 2010. Stonehenge World Heritage Site Landscape Project: Stonehenge, Amesbury, Wiltshire: archaeological survey report (EH Research Dept Report Series 109-2010). Swindon: English Heritage.
Gibson, A. 1998. Stonehenge and timber circles. Stroud: Tempus.
Linford, N. 2013. Stonehenge, Wiltshire: report on magnetic susceptibility survey, January 2013 (EH Research Dept Report Series 49-2013). Swindon: English Heritage.
Linford, N., Linford, P. & Payne, A.. 2012. Stonehenge monument field and barrows, Wiltshire: report on geophysical surveys, September 2010, April and July 2011 (EH Research Dept Report Series 34-2012). Swindon: English Heritage.
Pitts, M.W. 1981. Stones, pits, and Stonehenge. Nature 290: 4647. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/290046a0
Pitts, M.W. 2001. Excavating the Sanctuary: new investigations on Overton Hill, Avebury. Wiltshire Archaeology and Natural History Magazine 94: 123.
Pitts, M.W. 2013. Stonehenge dispute solved after 260 years. British Archaeology 132: 6.
Pollard, J. 1995. Structured deposition at Woodhenge. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 61: 137-56. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0079497X00003066
Tilley, C., Richards, C., Bennett, W. & Field, D.. 2007. Stonehenge—its landscape and its architecture: a reanalysis, in Larsson, M. & Pearson, M. Parker (ed.) From Stonehenge to the Baltic: living with cultural diversity in the third millennium BC (British Archaeological Reports international series 1692): 183204. Oxford: Archaeopress.
Wainwright, G.J. & Longworth, I.H.. 1971. Durrington Walls: excavations 1966–1968 (Society of Antiquaries Research Reports 29). London: Society of Antiquaries.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed