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Polished greenstone celt caches from Ceibal: the development of Maya public rituals

  • Kazuo Aoyama (a1), Takeshi Inomata (a2), Flory Pinzón (a3) and Juan Manuel Palomo (a2)
Abstract
Abstract

Excavations at Ceibal in Guatemala have recovered numerous polished celts from contexts dating throughout the Preclassic Maya occupation of the site. The celts are made of different types of greenstone, and most were deposited in caches in public areas close to ceremonial structures. Recent study shows how deposition practices changed over time. Furthermore, microwear analysis suggests that the majority of celts did not have a practical function. It is argued, instead, that the caches of greenstone celts represent public rituals relating to the establishment of early Preclassic elites.

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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: kazuo.aoyama.1@vc.ibaraki.ac.jp)
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

F. Estrada-Belli 2006. Lightning sky, rain, and the maize god: the ideology of Preclassic Maya rulers at Cival, Peten, Guatemala. Ancient Mesoamerica 17: 5778. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0956536106060068

T. Inomata , D. Triadan , K. Aoyama , V. Castillo & H. Yonenobu . 2013. Early ceremonial constructions at Ceibal, Guatemala, and the origins of lowland Maya civilization. Science 340: 467–71. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1234493

T. Inomata , J. MacLellan , D. Triadan , M. Burham , K. Aoyama , H. Nasu , J. Munson , F. Pinzón & H. Yonenobu . 2015. Development of sedentary communities in the Maya lowlands: co-existing mobile groups and public ceremonies at Ceibal, Guatemala. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 112: 4268–73. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1501212112

R. Seitz , G.E. Harlow , V.B. Sisson & K.A. Taube . 2001. ‘Olmec blue’ and Formative jade sources: new discoveries in Guatemala. Antiquity 75: 687–88. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00089171

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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