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Portable art and personal ornaments from Txina-Txina: a new Later Stone Age site in the Limpopo River Valley, southern Mozambique

  • Nuno Bicho (a1), João Cascalheira (a1), Lino André (a1), Jonathan Haws (a1) (a2), Ana Gomes (a1), Célia Gonçalves (a1), Mussa Raja (a1) (a3) and Michael Benedetti (a4)...
Abstract

This paper reports on preliminary fieldwork at the Later Stone Age site of Txina-Txina in Mozambique. Excavation yielded a long stratigraphic sequence, a large lithic assemblage, a unique decorated gastropod shell fragment and two ostrich eggshell beads—the first of their type recovered from a Stone Age context in Mozambique.

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      Portable art and personal ornaments from Txina-Txina: a new Later Stone Age site in the Limpopo River Valley, southern Mozambique
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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: nbicho@ualg.pt)
References
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Bicho, N., Cascalheira, J., Haws, J., Gonçalves, C. & Raja, M.. 2016. Middle Stone Age technologies in Mozambique: preliminary results. Paper presented at the 6th Annual Meeting of the ESHE 2016, Madrid.
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Gonçalves, C., Raja, M., Madime, O., Cascalheira, J., Haws, J., Matos, D. & Bicho, N.. 2016. Mapping the Stone Age of Mozambique. African Archaeological Review 33: 112. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10437-016-9212-4
Hogg, A., Hua, Q., Blackwell, P., Niu, M., Buck, C., Guilderson, T., Heaton, T., Palmer, J., Reimer, P. & Reimer, R.. 2013. SHCal13 southern hemisphere calibration, 0–50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55: 1889–903. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16783
Kandel, A. & Conard, N.. 2005. Production sequences of ostrich eggshell beads and settlement dynamics in the Geelbek Dunes of the Western Cape, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science 32: 1711–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jas.2005.05.010
Mercader, J., Asmerom, Y., Bennett, T., Raja, M. & Skinner, A.. 2009. Initial excavation and dating of Ngalue Cave: a Middle Stone Age site along the Niassa Rift, Mozambique. Journal of Human Evolution 57: 6374. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2009.03.005
Miller, J.M. & Willoughby, P.. 2014. Radiometrically dated ostrich eggshell beads from the Middle and Later Stone Age of Magubike Rockshelter, southern Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution 74: 118–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.12.011
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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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