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A prehistoric pyramid in the shape of a volcanic cinder cone, Nepeña Valley, Peru

  • Robert A. Benfer (a1) and Andrés Ocás (a2)
Abstract

Archaeological work in the 1960s in the middle Nepeña Valley of coastal Peru (Figure 1) identified an artificial earthen mound or pyramid, approximately 15.5m high, with what was interpreted to be a crater dug into the top (Proulx 1968). This site has been variously known as Wanka, Huaca de Muro and El Bocón (PV31-55 in the Peruvian Ministry of Culture files). When viewed from a distance (Figure 2), the site resembles a volcanic cinder cone, such as the one in the Andahua Valley in southern Peru (Figure 3), and we have therefore named the site El Volcán. It should be noted, however, that there are no volcanoes in the vicinity of El Volcán to serve as models, nor indeed are any other examples of volcano-shaped structures known from Peru or elsewhere.

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Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: benferr@missouri.edu)
Linked references
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

D. Chicoine & H. Ikehara . 2014. Ancient urban life in the Nepenã Valley, north-central coast of Peru: investigations at the Early Horizon center of Caylań. Journal of Field Archaeology 39: 336–52.

D.E. Ogburn 2012. Reconceiving the chronology of the Inca Imperial expansion. Radiocarbon 54: 219–37. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.v54i2.16014

P.J. Reimer , M.G.L. Baillie , E. Bard , A. Bayliss , J.W. Beck , C.J.H. Bertrand , P.G. Blackwell , C.E. Buck , G.S. Burr , K.B. Cutler , P.E. Damon , R.L. Edwards , R.G. Fairbanks , M. Friedrich , T.P. Guilderson , A.G. Hogg , K.A. Hughen , B. Kromer , F.G. McCormac , S.W. Manning , C. Bronk Ramsey , R.W. Reimer , S. Remmele , J.R. Southon , M. Stuiver , S. Talamo , F.W. Taylor , J. van der Plicht & C.E. Weyhenmeyer . 2004. IntCal04 terrestrial radiocarbon age calibration, 26–0 ka BP. Radiocarbon 46: 1029–58. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200032999

M. Stuiver & P.J. Reimer . 1993. Extended 14C database and revised CALIB radiocarbon calibration program. Radiocarbon 35: 215–30. Available at: http://calib.org/calib/ (accessed 21 February 2017). http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200013904

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Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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