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The Qatna lion: scientific confirmation of Baltic amber in late Bronze Age Syria

  • Anna J. Mukherjee (a1), Elisa Roßberger (a2), Matthew A. James (a1), Peter Pfälzner (a2), Catherine L. Higgitt (a3), Raymond White (a3), David A. Peggie (a3), Dany Azar (a4) (a5) and Richard P. Evershed (a1)...

Using pyrolysis-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, the authors show that amber was imported into Late Bronze Age Syria and used for making the prestige artefacts found in a Royal tomb of c. 1340 BC. The objects included beads and a unique vessel in the form of a lion, likely fashioned in Syria from raw amber imported from the Baltic via the Aegean.

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*Author for correspondence
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†Current address: Institut für Vorderasiatische Archäologie, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Germany

‡Current address: Department of Scientific Research, The British Museum, Great Russell Street, London WC1B 3DG, UK

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