Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Recalibrating grave-good chronologies: new AMS radiocarbon dates from Late Bronze Age burials in Lika, Croatia

  • Emily Zavodny (a1), Brendan J. Culleton (a2), Sarah B. McClure (a2), Douglas J. Kennett (a2) and Jacqueline Balen (a3)...
Abstract

Grave-good typologies have traditionally formed the basis for chronological frameworks in many areas of the world, including the Lika region of Croatia. Here, the authors report the first AMS radiocarbon dates from Late Bronze Age Lika (c. 1200–800 BC)—a period assumed to be synonymous with the emergence of the local Iapodian culture. Comparisons between the absolute dates and the relative chronological assignments of key burial contexts show inconsistencies between the dating methods that lead the authors to propose an alternative narrative for Iapodian emergence and socio-political reorganisation at the end of the Bronze Age.

Copyright
Corresponding author
*Author for correspondence (Email: emily.zavodny@ucf.edu)
References
Hide All
Bakarić, L. 1986. Rezultati novih istraživanja u Smiljanu. VAMZ 19: 129–40.
Bakarić, L. 1989. Grob 154 iz Kompolja. VAMZ 22: 518.
Bakarić, L. 2004. The Iapodes, in Balen-Letunić, D. (ed.) Ratnici na razmeđu istoka i zapada: 357–84. Zagreb: Arheološki muzej Zagreb.
Bakarić, L. 2017. Japodi, in Bakarić, L. (ed.) Japodi zaboravljeni gorštaci: 2160. Zagreb: Arheološki muzej Zagreb.
Balen-Letunić, D. 1990. Perle s tri lice pronađene na području Like. VAMZ 23: 4960.
Balen-Letunić, D. 1996. Figuralno ukrašene trapezoidne pojasne kopče tipa Prozor. VAMZ 28–29: 2328.
Balen-Letunić, D. 2004. Japodi, in Balen-Letunić, D. (ed.) Ratnici na razmeđu istoka i zapada: 212–57. Zagreb: Arheološki muzej Zagreb.
Bayliss, A., Whittle, A. & Wysocki, M.. 2007. Talking about my generation: the date of the West Kennett long barrow. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17: 85101. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959774307000182
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2009. Bayesian analysis of radiocarbon dates. Radiocarbon 51: 1023–45. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200034093
Bronk Ramsey, C. 2014. OxCal v.4.2.4. Released 2014 September 5. Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit (ORAU). Available at: https://c14.arch.ox.ac.uk (accessed 13 December 2018).
Buck, C., Cavanagh, W. & Litton, C.. 1996. Bayesian approach to interpreting archaeological data. Chichester: Wiley.
Chapman, R. 2003. Archaeologies of complexity. London: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203451779
Childe, V.G. 1925. The dawn of European civilization. New York: A.A. Knopf.
de Mulder, G., Strydonck, M. Van, Boudin, M., Leclerq, W., Paridaens, N. & Warmenbol, E.. 2007. Re-evaluation of the Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age chronology of the western Belgian urnfields based on 14C dating of cremated bones. Radiocarbon 49: 499514. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200042429
Drechsler-Bižić, R. 1968. Japodske kape i oglavlja. VAMZ 3: 2951.
Drechsler-Bižić, R. 1976. Porijeklo lučnih jednopetljastih fibula u Japoda. Godišnjak Centra za balkanološka ispitivanja Akademije nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine 13: 143–51.
Drechsler-Bižić, R. 1980. Nekropola brončanog doba u pećini Bezdanjači kod Vrhovina. VAMZ 12: 2778.
Drechsler-Bižić, R. 1983a. Japodska kulturna grupa, in Benac, A. (ed.) Prajstorija jugoslavenskih zemalja 4: 374–89. Sarajevo: Centar za Balkanološka Ispitivanja.
Drechsler-Bižić, R. 1983b. Srednje brončano doba u Lici i Bosni, in Benac, A. (ed.) Praistorija jugoslavenskih zemalja 4: 242–70. Sarajevo: Centar za Balkanološka Ispitivanja.
Drechsler-Bižić, R. 1987. Japodska grupa, in Benac, A. (ed.) Praistorija jugoslavenskih zemalja 5: 391441. Sarajevo: Centar za Balkanološka Ispitivanja.
Drnić, I. & Tonc, A.. 2015. Kasnolatenske i ranocarske fibule s japodskog prostora. Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu 31: 181214.
Feinman, G. & Neitzel, J.. 1984. Too many types: an overview of sedentary prestate societies in the Americas. Advances in Archaeological Method and Theory 7: 39102. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-003107-8.50007-4
Fowler, C. 2017. Relational typologies, assemblage theory and Early Bronze Age burials. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 27: 95109. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959774316000615
Gimbutas, M. 1963. European prehistory: Neolithic to the Iron Age. Biennial Review of Anthropology 3: 69106.
Hajdas, I. 2008. Radiocarbon dating and its applications in quaternary studies. Quaternary Science Journal 57: 224.
Hiller, G. 1991. Zur japodischen und liburnischen Früheisenzeit Nordwestjugoslawiens. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Institut für Ur-und Frühgeschichte in Heidelberg.
Kolak, T. & Šušnjić, D.. 2008. Problemi istraživanja i zaštite arheoloških lokaliteta na ličkom području, in Kolak, T. (ed.) Arheološka istraživanja u Lici i Arheologija pećina i krša: 209–20. Zagreb: Hrvatsko arheološko društvo.
Lee, S., Ramsey, C. Bronk & Mazar, A.. 2013. Iron Age chronology in Israel: results from modeling with a trapezoidal Bayesian framework. Radiocarbon 55: 731–40. https://doi.org/10.1017/S003382220005788X
lo Schiavo, F. 1970. Il grupo liburnico-Japodico per una definizione nell’ ambito della protostoria balcanica. Rome: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei.
Marić, Z. 1968. Japodske nekropole u dolini Une. GZM 23: 580.
Montelius, O. 1885. Om tidsbestämning inom bronsåldern: med särskildt afseende på Scandinavien. Stockholm: Kongl. Boktryckeriet.
Müller-Karpe, H. 1959. Beiträge zur Chronologie der Urnenfelderzeit nördlich und sündlich der Alpen. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter & Co.
Olujić, B. 2007. Povijest Japoda Pristup. Zagreb: Srednja Europa.
O'Shea, J. 1984. Mortuary variability: an archaeological investigation. Orlando (FL): Academic Press.
Pabst, S. 2009. Population movements on the Balkan peninsula at the beginning of the Early Iron Age and the question of the ethnogenesis of the Macedonians. Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts 124: 174.
Pabst, S. 2011. Die grossräumige Ausbreitung der Brillenfibeln am Übergang von der Bronze- zur Eisenzeit- Kommunikationswege und soziale Hintergründe, in Dietz, U. & Jockenhövel, A. (ed.) Bronzen im Spannungsfeld zwischen praktischer Nutzung und symbolischer Bedeutung: 199234. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner.
Palavestra, A. 1993. Praistorijski ćilibar na centralnom i zapadnom Balkanu. Beograd: SANU Balkanološki Institut.
Papazoglou, F. 1969. Srednjobalkanska plemena u prerimsko doba: Tribali, Autarijati, Dardanci, Skordisci i Mezi. Sarajevo: Akademija nauka i umjetnosti Bosne i Hercegovine, Centar za balkanološka ispitivanja.
Parker Pearson, M. 1999. The archaeology of death and burial. Sutton: Phoenix Mill.
Plog, S. & Hantman, J.. 1990. Chronology construction and the study of prehistoric culture change. Journal of Field Archaeology 17: 439–56.
Raunig, B. 1992. Figuralne predstave u kulturi praistorijskih Japoda. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Belgrade.
Reimer, P.J. et al. 2013. IntCal13 and Marine13 radiocarbon age calibration curves 0-50,000 years cal BP. Radiocarbon 55: 1869–87. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.55.16947
Reinecke, P. 1902. Zur Kenntnis der La Tène-Denkmäler der Zone nordwärts der Alpen, in Festschrift zur Feier des fünfzigjährigen Bestehens des Römisch-Germanischen Centralmuseums zu Mainz: 53109. Mainz: Philipp Von Zabern.
Sørensen, M. 2015. ‘Paradigm lost’—on the state of typology within archaeological theory, in Kristiansen, K., Šmejda, L. & Turek, J. (ed.) Paradigm found: archaeological theory present, past and future: 8494. Oxford: Oxbow.
Stockhammer, P., Massty, K., Knipper, C., Friedrich, R., Kromer, B., Lindauer, S., Radosavljević, J., Wittenborn, F. & Krause, J.. 2015. Rewriting the Central European Early Bronze Age chronology: evidence from large-scale radiocarbon dating. PLoS ONE 10: e0139705. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0139705
Teržan, B. 2011. Japodske tropetljaste fibule (Iapodian three-looped fibulae). Prilozi Instituta za arheologiju u Zagrebu 27: 111–22.
Teßmann, B. 2001. Schmuck und Trachtzubehor aus Prozor, Kroatien. Ein Beitrag zur Tracht im japodischen Gebiet. Acta Praehistorica et Archaeologica 33: 28151.
Težak-Gregl, T. 1981. Certosa fibule na centralnom japodskom području. VAMZ 14: 2548.
Tonc, A. 2015. Protopovijesne zajednice na sjevernom dijelu istočne obale Jadrana i njezinu zaleđu. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Filozofski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu.
Van Strydonck, M., Moor, A. De & Bénazeth, D.. 2004. 14C dating compared to art historical dating of Roman and Coptic textiles from Egypt. Radiocarbon 46: 231–44. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033822200039552
Vega Brown, M., Craig, N., Culleton, B., Kennett, D. & Lindo, G.. 2013. AMS radiocarbon dates from Prehispanic fortifications in the Huaura Valley, central coast of Perú. Radiocarbon 55: 112. https://doi.org/10.2458/azu_js_rc.v55i1.16047
Vejvoda, V. 1962. Japodske dvokrake igle. VAMZ 2: 115–24.
Whittle, A. & Bayliss, A.. 2007. The times of their lives: from chronological precision to kinds of history and change. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 17: 2128. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959774307000030
Zavodny, E. 2017. New approaches to cultural change and continuity at the Bronze–Iron Age transition in Lika, Croatia. Unpublished PhD dissertation, Pennsylvania State University.
Zavodny, E., Culleton, B., McClure, S., Kennett, D. & Balen, J.. 2017. Minimizing risk on the margins: insights on Iron Age agriculture from stable isotope analyses in central Croatia. Journal of Anthropological Archaeology 48: 250–61. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaa.2017.08.004
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Zavodny et al. supplementary material
Zavodny et al. supplementary material 1

 PDF (473 KB)
473 KB

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed