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Satellite imagery and heritage damage in Egypt: a response to Parcak et al. (2016)

  • Michael Fradley (a1) and Nichole Sheldrick (a1)

In a recent article, Parcak et al. (2016) presented the results of a study in which they used satellite imagery to evaluate looting and other damage at over one thousand heritage sites in Egypt. Assessing imagery dating between 2002 and 2013, their results indicated an increase in visible damage to sites during this period caused by looting and encroachment, which by Parcak et al.’s definition “includes building development, cemetery growth, agricultural expansion and intentional damage through targeted destruction” (2016: 190). Their findings support the work of previous authors who have documented an increase in looting and other damage to archaeological sites connected with increasing nationwide economic and political instability (e.g. Ikram 2013; Ikram & Hanna 2013).

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. Casana & M. Panahipour . 2014. Satellite-based monitoring of looting and damage to archaeological sites in Syria. Journal of Eastern Mediterranean Archaeology & Heritage Studies 2: 128–51.

D.A. Contreras & N. Brodie . 2010. Quantifying destruction: an evaluation of the utility of publicly available satellite imagery for investigating looting of archaeological sites in Jordan. Journal of Field Archaeology 35: 101–14.

R. Klemm & D. Klemm . 2013. Gold and gold mining in ancient Egypt and Nubia. London: Springer.

S. Parcak , D. Gathings , C. Childs , G. Mumford & E. Cline . 2016. Satellite evidence of archaeological site looting in Egypt: 2002–2013. Antiquity 90: 188205.

E.C. Stone 2008. Patterns of looting in southern Iraq. Antiquity 82: 125–38.

E.C. Stone 2015. An update on the looting of archaeological sites in Iraq. The cultural heritage crisis in the Middle East. Near Eastern Archaeology 78: 178–86.

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  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
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