Skip to main content
×
×
Home

The earliest colonization of Europe: the short chronology revisited

  • Robin Dennell (a1) and Wil Roebroeks (a2)
Extract

Long-running discussions about when Europe was first colonized have recently been fuelled by new discoveries from the Iberian peninsula, which reports hominid occupation by 800,000, or even by 1.8 million years ago. The proceedings of the important Tautavel workshop (1993), published as The earliest occupation of Europe (Roebroeks & van Kolfschoten (ed.) 1995), are now central. This new assessment takes forward ANTIQUITY'S notice by Roebroeks & van Kolfschoten of 1994 (68: 489–503).

Copyright
References
Hide All
Aguirre, E. & Hoyos, M.. 1992. Climate record in cave deposits: the Atapuerca TD case, in Kukla, G. J. & Went, E. (ed.), Start of a glacial: 127–36. Berlin: Springer Verlag.
Acusti, J. & Moyá-Solá, S.. 1987. Sobre la identidad del fragmento craneal atribudo a Homo sp. en Venta Micena (Orce Granada), Estudios geologicos 43: 535–8.
Bar-Yosef, O. 1994. The Lower Paleolithic of the Near East, Journal of World Prehistory 8: 211–66.
Beardsley, T. 1996. Out of food?, Scientific American 274 (4) (April 1996): 2022.
Boitel, F., Dépont, J., Tourenq, J., Lorenz, J., Abelanet, J. & Pomerol, J.. 1996. Découverte d'une industrie lithique dans le Pliocène supérieur du Sud du Bassin parisien (Formation des Sables et Argiles du Bourbonnais), Comptes Rendus de l’Académie des Sciences de Paris 322 (série Ha): 507–14.
Borja, C. & Garcia Olivares, E.. 1995. Detection and characterization of proteins in fossils from Venta Micena and Cueva Victoria by immunological methods, in Gibert (ed.): 26.
Bosinski, G. 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe: Western Central Europe, in Roebroeks, & Kolfschoten, van (ed.): 103–28.
Carbonell, E.J.M. & Arsuaga, J. C.. 1992. Excursion a los yacimientos mesopleistocenicos de la Sierra de Atapuerca (Ibeas de Juarros/Atapuerca, Burgos), Workshop Evolucion Humana en Europa y los yacimientos de la Sierra de Atapuerca, Tarragona, 1 Julio 1992.
Carbonell, E., Bermudez De Castro, J. M., Arsuaga, J. L., Diez, J. C., Rosas, A., Cuenca-Bescós, G., Sala, R., Mosquera, M. & Rodriguez, X. P.. 1995. Lower Pleistocene hominids and artifacts from Atapuerca-TD6 (Spain), Science 269: 826–9.
Carbonell, E. & Rodriguez, X. P.. 1994. Early Middle Pleistocene deposits and artefacts in the Gran Dolina site (TD4) of the ‘Sierra de Atapuerca’ (Burgos, Spain), Journal of Human Evolution 26: 291311.
Champion, D. E., Lanphere, M. A. & Kuntz, M. A.. 1988. Evidence for a new geomagnetic reversal from lava flows in Idaho: discussion of short polarity reversals in the Brunhes and Late Matuyama polarity chrons, Journal of Geophysical Research 93 (No. B10): 11.667-11.680.
Darlas, A. 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe: the Balkans, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 5160.
Dennell, R. W. 1983. European economic prehistory: a new approach. London: Academic Press.
Dennell, R. W., Rendell, H. & Hailwood, E.. 1988. Early tool-making in Asia: two-million-year-old artefacts in Pakistan, Antiquity 62: 98106.
De Vos, J. & Sondaar, P.. 1994. Dating hominid sites in Indonesia, Science 266: 1726.
Dzaparidze, V., Bosinski, G., Bugianisvili, T. et al. 1989. Der altpaläolithische Fundplatz Dmanisi in Georgien (Kaukasus), Jahrbuch des Römisch-Germanischen Zentralmuseums Mainz 36: 67116.
Ferring, C. R., Swisher, C. C., Bosinski, G., Gabunia, L., Kikodze, Z., Lordkipanidze, D., Tvalrelidze, M. & Tutberidze, B.. 1996. Progress report on the Plio-Pleistocene Dmanisi site and the Diliska Gorge, Republic of Georgia, Palaeo-anthropological Society Abstracts, New Orleans, April 9-10 1996: 5.
Gabunia, L. & Vekua, A.. 1995. A Plio-Pleistocene hominid from Dmanisi, East Georgia, Caucasus, Nature 373: 509–12.
Gamble, C.S. 1994. Time for Boxgrove man, Nature 369: 275–6.
Gibert, J. (ed.). 1992. Proyecto Orce-Cueva Victoria (1988-1992): presencia humana en el Pleistocene inferior de Granada y Murcia, Ayuntamiento de Orce (Granada). Orce: Museo de Prehistoria ‘J.Gibert’.
Gibert, J. (Ed.). 1995. Congreso internacional de paleontologia h umana. Los hominidos y su entorno en el Pleistoc?na Inferior y Medio Europeo. 3a Circular. Orce: Fundacion Caja de Granada.
Gibert, J., Palmquist, P. & Martinez Navarro, B.. 1994. Los primeros europeos, Investigacìon y Ciencìa (Diciembre): 28–9.
Hemingway, M.F. & Stapert, D.. 1989. Early artefacts from Pakistan? Some questions for the excavators, Current Anthropology 30: 317–22.
Lowenstein, J. M. 1995. Immunological reactions on fossil bones from Orce, in Gibert, (ed.): 27.
Martinez Navarro, B., Gibert, J., Palmqvist, P. & Santamaria, J. L.. 1994. Presencia de una asociacion de cráneos de grandes mamiferos en Venta Micena, Revista Espanola de Paleontologia 9 (2): 220.
Mussi, M. 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe: Italy, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 2749.
Palmqvist, P. & Gibert, J.. 1995. Comparative morphometric analysis of the Orce skull sutures using the method of fractal geometry, in Gibert, (ed.): 2021.
Palmqvist, P. & Gibert, J., Perez Claros, J. A. & Santamaria, J. L.. 1995. Comparative morphometric study of the Cueva Victoria phalanx by means of Fourier analysis, shape coordinates of landmarks, principal and relative warps, in Gibert, (ed.): 24–5.
Parés, J. M. & Pérez-González, A.. 1995. Paleomagnetic age for hominid fossils at Atapuerca archaeological site, Spain, Science 269: 830832.
Pérez Claros, J.A., Palmqvist, P., Gibert, J., Martinez Navarro, B. & Walker, M. J.. 1995. Morphometric study of a human diaphysis from Orce, by means of canonical discriminant functions of Fourier series harmonic descriptors of diaphyseal cross-sectional outlines, in Gibert, (ed.): 22–3.
Praslov, N. D. 1995. The earliest occupation of the Russian Plain: a short note, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 61–6.
Raposo, L. & Santonja, M.. 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe: the Iberian peninsula, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 725.
Raynal, I. P., Magoga, L. & Bindon, P.. 1995a. Tephrofacts and the first occupation of the French Massif Central, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 129–46.
Raynal, J. P., Magoga, L., Sbihi-Alaoui, F.-Z. & Geraads, D.. 1995b. The earliest occupation of Atlantic Morocco, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 255–62.
Roberts, M. B., Stringer, C. B., & Parfitt, S. A.. 1994. A hominid tibia from Middle Pleistocene sediments at Boxgrove, UK, Nature 369: 311–13.
Roe, D. A. 1995. The Orce Basin (Andalucia, Spain) and the initial palaeolithic of Europe, Oxford Journal of Archaeology 14: 112.
Roebroeks, W. 1994. Updating the first Europeans, Current Anthropology 35: 301–5.
Roebroeks, W. 1996. The English Palaeolithic record: absence of evidence, evidence of absence and the first occupation of Europe, in: Gamble, C. & Lawson, A. (ed.), The English Palaeolithic reviewed: 5762. Salisbury: Trust for Wessex Archaeology.
Roebroeks, W. & Van Kolfschoten, T.. 1994. The earliest occupation of Europe: a short chronology, Antiquity 68: 489503.
Roebroeks, W. & Van Kolfschoten, T.. (Ed.). 1995a. The earliest occupation of Europe. Proceedings of the European Science Foundation workshop at Tautavel (France), 1993. Leiden: University Press.
Roebroeks, W. & Van Kolfschoten, T.. 1995b. The earliest occupation of Europe: a reappraisal of artefactual and chronological evidence, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 297315.
Rolland, N. 1992. The Palaeolithic colonization of Europe: an archaeological and biogeographic perspective, Trabajos de Prehistoria 49: 69111.
Swisher, C. C., Curtis, G. H., Jacob, T., Getty, A. G., Suprijo, A. & Widiasmoro, . 1994. Age of the earliest known hominids in Java, Indonesia, Science 263: 1128–21.
Tchernov, E. 1989. The age of the Ubiediya Formation, Israeli Journal of Earth Sciences 36: 330.
Thieme, H. & Maier, R.. 1995. Archäologische Ausgrabungen im Braunkohlentagebau Schöningen, Landkreis Helmstedt. Hannover: Verlag Hahnsche Buchhandlung.
Tixier, J., Roe, D., Turq, A., Gibert, J., Martinez, B., Arribas, A., Gibert, L., Gaete, R., Maillo, A. & Iglesias, A.. 1995. Présence d'industrie lithique dans le Pleistocène de la région d'Orce (Grenade, Espagne): quel est l'état de la question? Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris 321 (série Ha) 71–8.
Turner, A. 1994. Evolution and dispersal of larger mammals in Europe during the time span of Homo erectus, in Franzen, J. L. (ed.), 100 years of Pithecanthropus: the Homo erectus problem: 241-7. Frankfurt: Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg. Courier Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg 171.
Valoch, K. 1995. The earliest occupation of Europe; Eastern Central and Southeastern Europe, in Roebroeks, & van Kolfschoten, (ed.): 6784.
Vekua, A. 1986. The Lower Pleistocene mammalian fauna of Achalkalaki (Southern Georgia, USSR), Palaeontographia Italica 74: 6396.
Wanpo, H., Ciochon, R., Yumin, G., Larick, R., Qiren, F., Schwarcz, H., Yonge, C., De Vos, J. & Rink, W.. 1995. Early Homo and associated artefacts from Asia, Nature 376: 275–8.
White, C. 1995. La Grotte du Vallonet: evidence of early hominid activity or natural processes? Paper presented at the Palaeolithic-Mesolithic day meeting, British Museum London, 17 March 1995.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed