Skip to main content
×
×
Home

Understanding the layout of early coastal settlement at Unguja Ukuu, Zanzibar

  • Tom Fitton (a1) and Stephanie Wynne-Jones (a1)
Abstract

New investigations at the coastal settlement of Unguja Ukuu in Zanzibar have demonstrated the effectiveness of magnetometry as a survey method. The early occupation of this Swahili port, from the sixth century AD, presents a unique opportunity to develop our understanding of the growth and development in settlement and trade along the East African coast. The geophysical survey has allowed the size of this important site to be reassessed and an industrial component to be identified. It also offers an insight into the role that early Islamicisation may have played in helping to establish the settlement as a key port during the growth of the Indian Ocean trade network.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Understanding the layout of early coastal settlement at Unguja Ukuu, Zanzibar
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Understanding the layout of early coastal settlement at Unguja Ukuu, Zanzibar
      Available formats
      ×
      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Understanding the layout of early coastal settlement at Unguja Ukuu, Zanzibar
      Available formats
      ×
Copyright
References
Hide All
Boivin, N., Crowther, A., Prendergast, M. & Fuller, D.Q.. 2014. Indian Ocean food globalisation and Africa. African Archaeological Review 31: 547–81. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10437-014-9173-4
Chami, F. 2001. Chicken bones from a Neolithic limestone cave in Zanzibar, in Chami, F., Pwiti, G. & Radimilahy, C. (ed.) People, contacts and the environment in the African past: 8197. Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam Press.
Chami, F. 2009. Zanzibar and the Swahili coast from c. 30,000 years ago. Dar es Salaam: E & D.
Fleisher, J.B. 2003. Viewing stone towns from the countryside: an archaeological approach to Swahili regional systems, AD 800–1500. Unpublished PhD dissertation, University of Virginia.
Fleisher, J.B. 2010. Swahili synoecism: rural settlements and town formation on the central East African coast, A.D. 750–1500. Journal of Field Archaeology 35: 265–82. https://doi.org/10.1179/009346910X12707321358919
Fleisher, J.B. & LaViolette, A.. 2013. The early Swahili trade village of Tumbe, Pemba Island, Tanzania, AD 600–950. Antiquity 87: 1151–68. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00049929
Fleisher, J.B. & Wynne-Jones, S.. 2011. Ceramics and the early Swahili: deconstructing the Early Tana Tradition. African Archaeological Review 28: 245–78. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10437-011-9104-6
Fleisher, J.B., Wynne-Jones, S., Steele, C. & Welham, K.. 2012. Geophysical survey at Kilwa Kisiwani, Tanzania. Journal of African Archaeology 10: 207–20. https://doi.org/10.3213/2191-5784-10220
Fleisher, J.B., Lane, P., LaViolette, A., Horton, M.C., Pollard, E., Quintana Morales, E., Vernet, T., Christie, A. & Wynne-Jones, S.. 2015. When did the Swahili become maritime? American Anthropologist 117: 100–15. https://doi.org/10.1111/aman.12171
Horton, M.C. 1991. Primitive Islam and architecture in East Africa. Muqarnas: an Annual on Islamic Art and Architecture 8: 103–16.
Horton, M.C. In press. Zanzibar and Pemba. Nairobi & London: British Institute in Eastern Africa.
Horton, M.C. & Clark, C.M.. 1985. Zanzibar archaeological survey. Azania 20: 161–71. https://doi.org/10.1080/00672708509511362
Juma, A. 1996. The Swahili and the Mediterranean worlds: pottery of the Late Roman period from Zanzibar. Antiquity 70: 148–54. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0003598X00083009
Juma, A. 2004. Unguja Ukuu on Zanzibar: an archaeological study of early urbanism. Uppsala: Societas Archaeologica Upsaliensis.
LaViolette, A. & Fleisher, J.B.. 1995. Reconnaissance of sites bearing Triangular Incised (Tana Tradition) Ware on Pemba Island, Tanzania. Nyame Akuma 44: 5965.
Sinclair, P., Juma, A. & Chami, F.. 2006. Excavations at Kuumbi Cave on Zanzibar in 2005, in Chami, F. (ed.) Studies in the African past: 95106. Dar es Salaam: University of Dar es Salaam Press.
Walshaw, S.C. 2010. Converting to rice: urbanization, Islamization and crops on Pemba Island, Tanzania, AD 700–1500. World Archaeology 42: 137–54. https://doi.org/10.1080/00438240903430399
Walshaw, S.C. 2015. Swahili urbanisation, trade and food production: botanical perspectives from Pemba Island, Tanzania AD 600–1500 (British Archaeological Reports international series S2755). Oxford: Archaeopress.
Welham, K., Fleisher, J., Cheetham, P., Manley, H., Steele, C. & Wynne-Jones, S.. 2014. Geophysical survey in sub-Saharan Africa: magnetic and electromagnetic investigation of the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Songo Mnara, Tanzania. Archaeological Prospection 21: 255–62. https://doi.org/10.1002/arp.1487
Wynne-Jones, S. 2012. Exploring the use of geophysical survey on the Swahili coast: Vumba Kuu, Kenya. Azania 47: 137–52. https://doi.org/10.1080/0067270X.2012.677324
Wynne-Jones, S. & Fleisher, J.B.. 2012. Coins in context: local economy, value and practice on the East African Swahili coast. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 22: 1936. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959774312000029
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Antiquity
  • ISSN: 0003-598X
  • EISSN: 1745-1744
  • URL: /core/journals/antiquity
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed