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This note considers an established reaction–diffusion model for a combustion system, in which there are competing endothermic and exothermic reaction pathways. A combustion front is assumed to move at constant speed through the medium. An asymptotic theory is presented for solid fuels in which material diffusion is ignored, and it allows a simple and complete analysis of the approximate system in the phase plane. Both the adiabatic and nonadiabatic cases are discussed.
We propose and analyse a method based on the Riccati transformation for solving the evolutionary Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation arising from the dynamic stochastic optimal allocation problem. We show how the fully nonlinear Hamilton–Jacobi–Bellman equation can be transformed into a quasilinear parabolic equation whose diffusion function is obtained as the value function of a certain parametric convex optimization problem. Although the diffusion function need not be sufficiently smooth, we are able to prove existence and uniqueness and derive useful bounds of classical Hölder smooth solutions. Furthermore, we construct a fully implicit iterative numerical scheme based on finite volume approximation of the governing equation. A numerical solution is compared to a semi-explicit travelling wave solution by means of the convergence ratio of the method. We compute optimal strategies for a portfolio investment problem motivated by the German DAX 30 index as an example of the application of the method.
$\alpha \gt - 1$
$\zeta \lt 0$
are polynomials with real coefficients. We deduce some interlacing properties of their zeros and, by using standard methods, we find a second-order linear differential equation satisfied by the polynomials and discuss an electrostatic model of their zeros.
Inequalities for spatial competition verify the pair approximation of statistical mechanics introduced to theoretical ecology by Matsuda, Satō and Iwasa, among others. Spatially continuous moment equations were introduced by Bolker and Pacala and use a similar assumption in derivation. In the present article, I prove upper bounds for the
central moment of occupied sites in the contact process of a single spatial dimension. This result shows why such moment closures are effective in spatial ecology.
A new formula for Adomian polynomials is introduced and applied to obtain truncated series solutions for fractional initial value problems with nondifferentiable functions. These kinds of equations contain a fractional single term which is examined using Jumarie fractional derivatives and fractional Taylor series for nondifferentiable functions. The property of nonlocality of these equations is examined, and the existence and uniqueness of solutions are discussed. Convergence and error analysis for the Adomian series solution are also studied. Numerical examples show the accuracy and efficiency of this formula for solving initial value problems for high-order fractional differential equations.