Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Elicitation of slips of the tongue from young children: A new method and preliminary observations

  • Bruce L. Smith (a1)
Abstract

Although many studies of slips of the tongue have been conducted with adults, very few investigations have considered children's slips of the tongue. One reason for this is the difficulty in being able to obtain children's spontaneous slips. The present study, therefore, involved the development of a new technique for eliciting slips of the tongue from children by having them repeat short “tongue-twister” phrases. Transcriptions of the subjects' productions were made from tape recordings, and errors that they produced were examined. Durations of various segments were also measured acoustically and analyzed.

Copyright
Corresponding author
Bruce L. Smith, Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Northwestern University, 2299 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL 60208
References
Hide All
Baars, B. J. (1980). On eliciting predictable speech errors in the laboratory. In Fromkin, V. (Ed.), Errors in linguistic performance: Slips of the tongue, ear, pen, and hand. New York: Academic.
Baars, B. J., & Motley, M. T. (1976). Spoonerisms as the result of conflict between word and phoneme sequences: Evidence from artificially elicited speech errors. American Journal of Psychology, 89, 467484.
Clark, E. V., & Anderson, E. S. (1979). Spontaneous repairs: Awareness in the process of acquiring language. Stanford University Papers and Reports on Child Language Development, 16, 112.
Cutler, A. (1982a). The reliability of speech error data. In Cutler, A. (Ed.), Slips of the tongue and language production. The Hague: Berlin.
Cutler, A. (Ed.). (1982b). Slips of the tongue and language production. The Hague: Berlin.
Dell, G., & Reich, P. (1981). Stages in speech production: An analysis of speech error data. Journal of Verbal Learning and Verbal Behavior, 20, 611629.
Ferguson, C. A. (1978). Learning to pronounce: The earliest stages of phonological development in the child. In Minifie, F. D. & Lloyd, L. L. (Eds.), Communicative and cognitive abilities – Early behavioral assessment. Baltimore: University Park Press.
Ferguson, C. A., & Farwell, C. (1975). Words and sounds in early language acquisition: English initial consonants in the first 50 words. Language, 51, 419439.
Fowler, C. A. (1985). Current perspectives on language and speech production: A critical overview. In Daniloff, R. (Ed.), Speech science. San Diego: College-Hill Press.
Fromkin, V. A. (1971). The non-anomalous nature of anomalous utterances. Language, 47, 2752.
Fromkin, V. A. (1973). Slips of the tongue. Scientific American, 229, 110116.
Fromkin, V. A. (Ed.). (1980). Errors in linguistic performance: Slips of the tongue, ear, pen, and hand. New York: Academic.
Kent, R. D., & Forner, L. (1980). Speech segment durations in sentence recitations by children and adults. Journal of Phonetics, 8, 157168.
MacKay, D. G. (1970a). Spoonerisms of children. Neuropsychologia, 8, 315322.
MacKay, D. G. (1970b). Spoonerisms: The structure of errors in the serial order of speech. Neuropsychologia, 8, 323350.
MacKay, D. G. (1980). Speech errors: Retrospect and prospect. In Fromkin, V. (Ed.), Errors in linguistic performance: Slips of the tongue, ear, pen, and hand. New York: Academic.
MacNeilage, P. F. (1985). Planning and production of speech: An overview. In Proceedings of the conference on the planning and production of speech in normal and hearing-impaired individuals: A seminar in honor of Richard Silverman. ASHA Reports, 15, 1521.
MacNeilage, P. F., Hutchinson, J. A., & Lasater, S. A. (1981). The production of speech: Development and dissolution of motoric and premotoric processes. In Long, J. & Baddeley, A. (Eds.), Attention and performance IX. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Menyuk, P., & Menn, L. (1979). Early strategies for the perception and production of words and sounds. In Fletcher, P. & Garman, M. (Eds.), Language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Motley, M. T., & Baars, B. J. (1976). Laboratory induction of verbal slips: A new method of psycholinguistic research. Communication Quarterly, 24, 2834.
Motley, M. T., & Baars, B. J. (1979). Effects of cognitive set upon laboratory induced verbal (Freudian) slips. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 22, 421432.
Mowrey, R. A., & MacKay, I. R. A. (1988). Phonological constructs: Electromyographically obtained speech error evidence. Paper presented at the 115th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Seattle, WA.
Reilly, J. (1981). Children's repairs. Paper presented at the Second International Congress for the Study of Child Language, Vancouver, BC.
Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (1983). Sublexical units and suprasegmental structure in speech production planning. In MacNeilage, P. F. (Ed.), The production of speech. New York: Springer-Verlag.
Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (1985a). Context similarity constraints on segmental speech errors: An experimental investigation of the role of word position and lexical stress. In Proceedings of the conference on the planning and production of speech in normal and hearing-impaired individuals: A seminar in honor of Richard Silverman. ASHA Reports, 15, 4349.
Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (1985b). Segmental speech errors occur earlier in utterance planning than certain phonetic processes. Paper presented at the 109th meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, Austin, TX.
Shattuck-Hufnagel, S. (1987). The role of word-onset consonants in speech production planning: New evidence from speech error patterns. In Keller, E. & Gopnik, M. (Eds.), Motor and sensory processes of language. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum.
Shattuck-Hufnagel, S., & Klatt, D. H. (1980). How single phoneme error data rule out two models of error generation. In Fromkin, V. (Ed.), Errors in linguistic performance: Slips of the tongue, ear, pen, and hand. New York: Academic.
Sigurd, B. (1973). Maximum and minimal duration of repeated syllables. Language and Speech, 16, 373395.
Smith, B. L. (1978). Temporal aspects of English speech production: A developmental perspective. Journal of Phonetics, 6, 3767.
Smith, B. L., Hillenbrand, J., Wasowicz, J., & Preston, J. (1986). Durational characteristics of vocal and subvocal speech: Implications concerning phonological organization and articulatory difficulty. Journal of Phonetics, 14, 265281.
Smith, B. L., Sugarman, M. D., & Long, S. H. (1983). Experimental manipulation of speaking rate for studying temporal variability in children's speech. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 74, 744749.
Stemberger, J. P. (1989). Speech errors in early child language production. Journal of Memory and Language, 28, 164188.
Venkataraman, S. (1986). Spontaneous speech revision as evidence of differentiation of form and function in child language. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Clark University, Worcester, MA.
Warren, H. (1986). Slips of the tongue in very young children. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 18, 309344.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Applied Psycholinguistics
  • ISSN: 0142-7164
  • EISSN: 1469-1817
  • URL: /core/journals/applied-psycholinguistics
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed