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  • Cited by 3
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    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    Karimullah, Kamran 2014. ALFARABI ON CONDITIONALS. Arabic Sciences and Philosophy, Vol. 24, Issue. 02, p. 211.

    Janssens, Jules 2007. Al-Kindī: The Founder of Philosophical Exegesis of the Qur'an. Journal of Qur'anic Studies, Vol. 9, Issue. 2, p. 1.

    Shah, Mustafa 2007. Trajectories in the Development of Islamic Theological Thought: the Synthesis of Kal?m. Religion Compass, Vol. 1, Issue. 4, p. 430.


Al-Kindī and the Mu‘tazila: Divine Attributes, Creation and Freedom

  • Peter Adamson (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 March 2003

The paper discusses al-Kindī's response to doctrines held by contemporary theologians of the Mu‘tazilite school: divine attributes, creation, and freedom. In the first section it is argued that, despite his broadly negative theology, al-Kindī recognizes a special kind of “essential” positive attribute belonging to God. The second section argues that al-Kindī agreed with the Mu‘tazila in holding that something may not yet exist but still be an object of God's knowledge and power (as the Mu‘tazila put it, that “non-being” is a “thing”). Also it presents a new parallel between al-Kindī and John Philoponus. The third section gives an interpretation of al-Kindī as a compatibilist, in other words as holding that humans may be free even though their actions are necessitated. In all three cases, it is argued, al-Kindī is close to the Mu‘tazilite point of view, though he departs from them in the arguments he gives for that point of view.

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Arabic Sciences and Philosophy
  • ISSN: 0957-4239
  • EISSN: 1474-0524
  • URL: /core/journals/arabic-sciences-and-philosophy
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