Skip to main content Accessibility help
Hostname: page-component-59df476f6b-wmsn8 Total loading time: 0.323 Render date: 2021-05-17T17:33:00.431Z Has data issue: false Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": true, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true, "newEcommerce": true }

Article contents

I.—Maumbury Rings, Dorchester: The Excavations of 1908–1913

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  21 April 2011

Get access


Maumbury lies a third of a mile (500 m.) SSW. of the county town of Dorset alongside the Roman and modern road from the town to the harbour at Weymouth (SY 691899). The site is now a public park wedged between two railway lines. It lies just below the crest of a low chalk ridge at a height of 260 ft. (78 m.) and overlooks the lower ground to the north east towards the River Frome and areas of the present town (fig. 1).

Research Article
Copyright © The Society of Antiquaries of London 1976

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below.


Addyman, P., and Marjoram, J., 1972. ‘An eighteenth century mansion, a fishpond and postmedieval finds from St Neots, Huntingdonshire.’ Post-Med. Arch. VI, 69106.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ashbee, P., 1963. ‘The Wilsford shaft.’ Antiquity, XXXVII, 116–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ashbee, P., 1970. The Earthen Long Barrow in Britain. London.Google Scholar
Atkinson, D., 1916. The Romano-British Site on Lowbury Hill in Berkshire. Reading.Google Scholar
Atkinson, R. J. C., 1956. Stonehenge. London.Google Scholar
Atkinson, R. J. C., 1957. ‘Worms and weathering.’ Antiquity, XXXI, 219–33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Atkinson, R. J. C., Piggott, C. M., and Sandars, N. K., 1951. Excavations at Dorchester, Oxon.: first report. Oxford.Google Scholar
Barnard, F. P., 1916. The Casting Counter and the Counting Board. Oxford.Google Scholar
Barton, K. J., 1964. ‘The excavation of a medieval bastion at St. Nicholas’ Almshouses, King Street, Bristol’. Med. Arch. VIII, 184212.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Bayley, A. R., 1910. The Great Civil War in Dorset, 1642–1660. Taunton.Google Scholar
Bradley, R. J., 1973. ‘Two notebooks of General Pitt Rivers.’ Antiquity, XLVII, 4750.Google Scholar
Brailsford, J. W., 1958. ‘Early Iron Age C in Wessex.’ P.P.S. XXIV, 101–19.Google Scholar
Brailsford, J. W., 1962. Hod Hill vol. i: Antiquities from Hod Hill in the Durden Collection. London.Google Scholar
Brears, P., 1971. The English Country Pottery. Newton Abbott.Google Scholar
Brown, P. D. C., and McWhirr, A., 1967. ‘Cirencester, 1966.’ Antiq. J. XLVII, 184–97.Google Scholar
Burl, H. A. W., 1969. ‘Henges: internal features and regional groups.’ Arch. J. CXXVI, 128.Google Scholar
Burleigh, R., Longworth, I. H., and Wainwright, G. J., 1972. ‘Relative and absolute dating of four late Neolithic enclosures: an exercise in the interpretation of radiocarbon determinations.’ P.P.S. XXXVIII, 389407.Google Scholar
Cameron, J., 1934. The Skeleton of British Neolithic Man. London.Google Scholar
Case, H. J., 1969. ‘Settlement patterns in the north Irish NeolithicU.J.A. XXXII, 1327.Google Scholar
Catherall, P. D., 1971. ‘Henges in perspective.’ Arch. J. CXVIII, 147–53.Google Scholar
Cichorius, C., 18961900. Die Reliefs der Trajanssäule. Berlin.Google Scholar
Clarke, D. L., 1969. The Beaker Pottery of Great Britain and Ireland. Cambridge.Google Scholar
Coleman-Smith, R., and Pearson, T., 1971. ‘Excavations at Crock Street, Donyatt.P. Somerset A.N.H.S. CXV, 54–5.Google Scholar
Colley-March, H., 1908. File of correspondence with St. George Gray. Dorchester Museum.Google Scholar
Collingwood, R. G., and Richmond, I. A., 1971. The Archaeology of Roman Britain. London.Google Scholar
Cooke, C., and Rowbotham, T. C., 1968. Dental report in L. P. Wenham: The Romano-British Cemetery at Trentholme Drive, York. London.Google Scholar
Cunliffe, B. W., 1971. Excavations at Fishbourne, 1961–1969. London.Google Scholar
Cunliffe, B. W., 1972. ‘The late Iron Age metalwork from Bulbury, Dorset.’ Antiq. J. LII, 293308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Cunliffe, B. W., 1973. The Regni. London.Google Scholar
Curle, J., 1911. A Roman Frontier Post amd its People. Glasgow.Google Scholar
Drury, G., 1943. ‘The excavations of Orictolagus cuniculus at Corfe Castle in 1943.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. LXV, 6875.Google Scholar
Duval, P., 1961. Paris antique. Paris.Google Scholar
Evans, J. G., 1973. Land Snails in Archaeology. London.Google Scholar
Field, N., 1966. ‘A thirteenth-century kiln at Hermitage, Dorset.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. LXXXVIII, 161–75.Google Scholar
Fleming, A., 1971. ‘Territorial patterns in Bronze Age Wessex.’ P.P.S. XXXVII, 138–66.Google Scholar
Fox, A., 1957. ‘Excavations at Dean Moor, 1954–6.’ Trans. Devonshire Asscn. LXXXIX, 1877.Google Scholar
Fox, A. and Ravenhill, W., 1972. ‘The Roman fort at Nanstallon, Cornwall.’ Britannia, III, 56111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Fox, C. F., 1958. Pattern and Purpose. Cardiff.Google Scholar
Frere, S. S., 1967. Britannia. London.Google Scholar
Frere, S. S., 1972. Verulamium Excavations, vol. I. London.Google Scholar
Garcia y Bellido, A., 1967. Les Religions orientates dans l'Espagne romaine. Leiden.Google Scholar
Godwin, H., and Tansley, A. G., 1941. ‘Prehistoric charcoals as evidence of former vegetation, soils and climate.’ J. Ecol. XXIX, 117–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1908. ‘Interim report on the excavations at Maumbury Rings, Dorchester, 1908.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.F.C. XXIX, 256–72.Google Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1909. ‘Interim report on the excavations at Maumbury Rings, Dorchester, 1909.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.F. C. XXX, 215–35.Google Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1909a. ‘Excavations at the amphitheatre, Charterhouse-on-Mendip, 1909.’ P. Somerset A.N.H.S. LV, 118–37.Google Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1910. ‘Short report on the excavations of Maumbury Rings of 1910.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.F.C. XXXI, 232–66.Google Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1911. ‘Notes on Roman remains found at Puckington.’ P. Somerset A.N.H.S. LVII, 91–7.Google Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1913. ‘Interim report on the excavations of Maumbury Rings, Dorset, 1912.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.F.C. XXXIV, 81106.Google Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1914. ‘Fifth interim report on the excavations at Maumbury Rings, Dorchester.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.F.C. XXXV, 88118.Google Scholar
Gray, H. St. George, 1935. ‘The Avebury excavations, 1908–22.’ Arch. LXXXIV, 99162.Google Scholar
Green, C. J. S., 1971. ‘Interim report on excavations at Poundbury, Dorchester, 1971.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. XCIII, 154–6.Google Scholar
Greenfield, E., 1964. ‘Excavation of a bombed site in Chapel Street, Exeter.’ Trans. Devonshire Asscn. XCVI, 336–79.Google Scholar
Greenwell, W., 1890. ‘Recent researches in barrows in Yorkshire, Wiltshire, Berkshire etc.Arch. LII, 172.Google Scholar
Grenier, A., 1958. Manuel d'archéologie gallo-romaine, III. Paris.Google Scholar
Gresham, C. A., 1939. ‘Spettisbury Rings, Dorset.’ Arch. J. XCVI, 114–31.Google Scholar
Gresham, C. A., 1972. ‘Burials in megalithic chambered tombs.’ In C., Burgess and F., Lynch (eds.), Early Man in Wales and the West, 65–6. Bath.Google Scholar
Hardy, T., 1895. The Mayor of Casterbridge. London.Google Scholar
Hardy, T., 1908. ‘Maumbury Ring.’ The Times, 9 October, 1908, p. 11.Google Scholar
Hawkes, C. F. C., and Hull, M. R., 1947. Camulodunum. London.Google Scholar
Henig, M., 1971. Review of Pfeiler (1970). Britannia, II, 322–3.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Henig, M., 1971a. ‘Roman gems in Dorset.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. XCIII, 183–96.Google Scholar
Hobley, B., 1971. ‘A gyrus at the Lunt?Current Arch. 28, 127–30.Google Scholar
Hobley, B., 1973. ‘Excavations at the Lunt military site: second interim report.’ Trans. Birmingham.S. LXXXV, 792.Google Scholar
Hubbard, A. J. and G., , 1905. Neolithic Dewponds and Cattle Ways. London.Google Scholar
Jennison, G., 1937. Animals for Show and Pleasure in Ancient Rome. Manchester.Google Scholar
Laur Belart, R., 1935. Vindonissa: Lager und Vicus. (Römisch-Germanische Forschungen, 10.)Google Scholar
Lehner, H., 1910. ‘Vetera: Ausgrabungen in den Jahren 1908 und 1910.’ Bonner Jahrbücher, CXIX, 230–61.Google Scholar
Little, J. H., 1971. ‘The Carmarthen amphitheatre.’ Carmarthen Antiquary, VII, 5863.Google Scholar
London Museum, 1940. Medieval Catalogue.Google Scholar
Longworth, I. H., 1968. ‘Further discoveries at Brackmont Mill, Brackmont and Tentsmuir, Fife.’ P.S.A.S. XCIX, 6092.Google Scholar
Longworth, I. H., Wainwright, G. J., and Wilson, K. E., 1971. ‘The Grooved Ware site at Lion Point, Clacton.’ In G. de G., Sieveking (ed.), Prehistoric and Roman Studies, pp. 93124. London.Google Scholar
Mallard, G., 1906. ‘Le Theâtre gallo-romain de Drevant (Cher).’ Bull. Arch. 1906, 4171.Google Scholar
Mayo, C. H. (ed.), 1902. The Minute Books of the Dorset Standing Committee, September 1646–May 1650. Exeter.Google Scholar
Mayo, C. H. (ed.), 1908. The Municipal Records of the Borough of Dorchester, Dorset. Exeter.Google Scholar
Megaw, J. V. S., 1971. ‘A group of later Iron Age collars and neck rings from western Britain.’ In G. de G., Sieveking (ed.), Prehistoric and Roman Studies, pp. 145–56. London.Google Scholar
Miles, T. J., and Saunders, A. D., 1970. ‘King Charles’ Castle, Tresco, Cornwall.’ Post-Med. Arch. IV, 130.Google Scholar
Moorhouse, S., 1970. ‘Finds from Basing House (c. 1540–1645): part I.Post-Med. Arch. IV, 3191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moorhouse, S., 1971. ‘Finds from Basing House (c. 1540–1645): part 2.’ Post-Med. Arch. V, 3576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Moorhouse, S., 1971a. ‘Two late and post-medieval pottery groups from Farnham Castle, Surrey.’ Surrey A.C. LXVIII, 3956.Google Scholar
Moorhouse, S., 1971b. ‘A sixteenth century Tudor Green group from Overton, Hampshire.’ Post-Med. Arch. V, 182–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Murray, J., 1971. The First European Agriculture. Edinburgh.Google Scholar
North, J. J., 1960. English Hammered Coinage. Vol. II. London.Google Scholar
O'Neil, B. H. St. J., 1960. Castle and Cannon. Oxford.Google Scholar
Palmer, S., 1970. ‘The Stone Age industries of the Isle of Portland, Dorset and the utilisation of Portland Chert as artefact material in southern England.’ P.P.S. XXXVI, 82115.Google Scholar
Pfeiler, B., 1970. Römische Goldschmuck des ersten und zweiten Jahrhunderts n. Chr. nach datierten Funden. Mainz.Google Scholar
Plggott, S., 1948. ‘The excavations at Cairnpapple Hill, West Lothian, 1947–48.’ P. Scot. A.S. LXXXII, 68123.Google Scholar
Plggott, S., 1954. The Neolithic Cultures of the British Isles. Cambridge.Google Scholar
Plggott, S., 1962. The West Kennet Long Barrow: Excavations, 1955–56. London.Google Scholar
Plggott, S., 1965. Ancient Europe. Edinburgh.Google Scholar
Pitt Rivers, A., 1887. Excavations in Cranborne Chase, vol. I.Google Scholar
Pitt Rivers, A., 1890. King John's House, Tollard Royal, Wiltshire.Google Scholar
Pope, A., 1885. ‘The amphitheatre at Dorchester.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.F.C. VIII, 66–9.Google Scholar
Putnam, W. G., Bradley, R. J., Viner, D., and Greene, J. P., 1970. ‘Excavations for the Dorchester Excavations Committee: interim report, 1970.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. XCII, 135–7.Google Scholar
Radford, C. A. Ralegh, and Hallam, A. D., 1953. ‘The history of Taunton Castle in the light of recent excavations.’ P. Somerset A.N.H.S. XCVIII, 5596.Google Scholar
Radley, J., 1965. ‘Notes on the archaeology of the Eggardon Valley, Askerswell.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. LXXXVII, 83–6.Google Scholar
Radley, J., 1965a. ‘A deserted medieval farmstead at Compton Valence, Dorset.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. LXXXVII, 8890.Google Scholar
Renfrew, C., 1973. ‘Monuments, mobilisation and social organisation in Neolithic Wessex.’ In id. (ed.), The Explanation of Culture Change, pp. 539–58. London.Google Scholar
Renn, D. F., 1960. ‘The keep of Wareham Castle.’ Med. Arch. IV, 5668.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richardson, K. M., 1940. ‘Excavations at Poundbury, Dorchester, Dorset, 1939.’ Antiq. J. XX, 429–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Richmond, I. A., 1968. Hod Hill, vol. II. London.Google Scholar
Rossi, L., 1971. Trajan's Column and the Dacian Wars. London.Google Scholar
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), 1960. ‘Excavations in the west bailey at Corfe Castle.’ Med. Arch. IV, 2955.Google Scholar
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), 1964. Newark on Trentthe Civil War Siegeworks.Google Scholar
Royal Commission on Historical Monuments (England), 1970. County of Dorset: vol IISouth East.Google Scholar
Simpson, G., 1967. ‘Three painted objects from Maxey near Peterborough.’ Antiquity, XLI, 138–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Smith, I. F., 1965. Windmill Hill and Avebury. Oxford.Google Scholar
Smith, I. F., 1967. ‘Windmill Hill and its implications.’ Palaeohistoria, XII, 469–81.Google Scholar
Smith, I. F., 1969. ‘Causewayed enclosures.’ In Simpson, D. D. A. (ed.), Settlement and Economy in Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Britain and Europe. Leicester.Google Scholar
Staehlin, F., 1948. Die Schweiz in romischer Zeit. Basle.Google Scholar
Thomas, A. C., 1964. ‘The Society's 1962 excavations: the henge at Castilly.’ Cornish Arch. III, 314.Google Scholar
Tratman, E. K., 1967. ‘The Priddy Circles, Mendip, Somerset. Henge monuments.’ P. Univ. of Bristol Spelaeological Soc. II, 97125.Google Scholar
Trotter, M., and Gleser, G. C., 1952. ‘Estimation of stature from long bones of American whites and negroes.’ Amer. J. Phys. Anth. (N.S.) X, 463514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Trotter, M., and Gleser, G. C., 1958. ‘A re-evaluation of estimation of stature based on measurements of stature taken during life and long bones after death.’ Amer. J. Phys. Anth. (N.S.) XVI, 79123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vatcher, F. de M., 1969. ‘Two incised chalk plaques near Stonehenge Bottom.’ Antiquity, XLIII, 310–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wacher, J. S., 1964. ‘Cirencester, 1963.’ Antiq. J. XLIV, 918.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wainwright, G. J., 1968. ‘The excavation of a Durotrigian farmstead near Tollard Royal in Cranborne Chase, southern England.’ P.P.S. XXXIV, 102–47.Google Scholar
Wainwright, G. J., 1969. ‘A review of henge monuments in the light of recent research.’ P.P.S. XXXV, 112–33.Google Scholar
Wainwright, G. J., 1970. ‘An Iron Age promontory fort at Budbury, Bradford on Avon, Wiltshire.’ W.A.M. LXV, 108–66.Google Scholar
Wainwright, G. J., and Donaldson, P., 1972. ‘Ritual shafts and wells: a Neolithic settlement near Norwich.’ Antiquity, XLVI, 231–4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wainwright, G. J., and Longworth, I. H., 1971. Durrington Walls Excavations 1966–1968. London.Google Scholar
Wainwright, G. J., Longworth, I. H., and Evans, J. G., 1971. ‘The excavation of a late Neolithic enclosure at Marden, Wiltshire.’ Antiq. J. LI, 177239.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Warne, C., 1872. Ancient Dorset. Bournemouth.Google Scholar
Webster, G., 1958. ‘The Roman advance under Ostorius Scapula.’ Arch. J. CXV, 4998.Google Scholar
Webster, G., 1960. ‘The discovery of a Roman fort at Waddon Hill, Stoke Abbott, 1959.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. LXXXII, 88108.Google Scholar
Webster, G., 1964. ‘Further investigations on the site of the Roman fort at Waddon Hill, Stoke Abbott, 1960–62.’ P. Dorset N.H.A.S. LXXXVI, 135–49.Google Scholar
Webster, G., and Dudley, D. R., 1965. The Roman Conquest of Britain. London.Google Scholar
Wheeler, R. E. M., 1928. ‘The Roman amphitheatre at Caerleon, Monmouthshire.’ Arch. LXXVIII, 111218.Google Scholar
Wheeler, R. E. M., 1943. Maiden Castle, Dorset. London.Google Scholar
White, G. M., 1936. ‘The Chichester amphitheatre: preliminary excavations.’ Antiq. J. XVI, 149–59CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the or variations. ‘’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

I.—Maumbury Rings, Dorchester: The Excavations of 1908–1913
Available formats

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

I.—Maumbury Rings, Dorchester: The Excavations of 1908–1913
Available formats

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

I.—Maumbury Rings, Dorchester: The Excavations of 1908–1913
Available formats

Reply to: Submit a response

Your details

Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *