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XX. On the Occurrence of Flint Implements in undisturbed Beds of Gravel, Sand, and Clay

  • John Evans


The natural connection between Geology and Archaeology has at various times been pointed out by more than one writer on each subject; and it must, indeed, be apparent to all who consider that both sciences treat of time past as compared with time present. The one, indeed, merges by almost imperceptible degrees in the other; while the object of both is, from the examination of ancient remains, to recall into an ideal existence days long since passed away, to trace the conditions of a previous state of things, and, as it were, to repeople the earth with its former inhabitants.



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page 280 note a See especially an article by the late Dr. , Mantell in the Archæological Journal, vol. vii. p. 327.

page 280 note b Prestwich, “The Ground beneath us,” p. 6.

page 281 note a Paris, 8vo. vol. i. 1847, (printed in 1844-6,) vol. ii. 1857.

page 282 note a See Lyell's Principles of Geology, ed. 1853, pp. 737, 788, &c.

page 282 note b Mantell's Petrifactions and their Teachings, 1851, p. 481.

page 282 note c Proceedings of Geological Society, June 22, 1859.

page 283 note a Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, vol. xvi. p. 104.

page 284 note a Proceedings of the Royal Society, May 26, 1859.

page 286 note a Ant. Celt, et Antediluviennes, vol. i. p. 234.

page 286 note b Ibid. vol. ii. p. 118.

page 288 note a Since the publication of the report of this Paper in the Athenaeum, there has been some correspondence in that and other journals upon the question whether these implements were of human or natural origin, which called forth the following expression of opinion from Professor Eamsay, a thoroughly competent judge ia such a matter: “For more than twenty years, like others of my craft, I have daily handled stones, whether fashioned by nature or art, and the flint hatchets of Amiens and Abbeville seem o t me as clearly works of art as any Sheffield whittle.”-(Athæneum, July 16,1859.)

page 288 note b See Wilson's Prehistoric Annals of Scotland, p. 121.

page 292 note a Catalogue of the Museum of the Archæological Institute at Edinburgh, in 1856, p. 7.

page 294 note a Antiquités Celtiques et Antédiluviennes, vol. i. p. 263.

page 294 note b Ibid. vol. ii. p. 430.

page 294 note c Ibid. vol. ii. p. 459.

page 296 note a See Letter in the Times, Nov. 18,1859; and Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, vol. xvi. p. 190.

page 298 note a Since the reading of this paper, Amiens and Abbeville have been visited by many geologists of note, and, among others, by Sir Charles Lyell, who, in his address to the Geological Section of the British Association, at their meeting in 1859 at Aberdeen, expressed himself as fully prepared to corroborate the observations of Mr. Prestwich. M. Gaudry, and M. Pouchet, of Eouen, on the part of the French Académie des Sciences, and the town of Eouen, have also made researches at Amiens, and have both been successful in discovering specimens of the implements in trenches made under their own personal superintendence.-(Comptes Rendus, tom. 49, No. 13, and Eeport of M. Pouchet.) See also the Address of Lord Wrottesley to the British Association, at Oxford, in 1860. Some few other facts that have come to my knowledge since this paper was read have been incorporated in the text.

page 301 note a This K. signifies that it formed a portion of Kemp's collection; a rude engraving of it illustrates a letter on the antiquities of London by Mr. Bagford dated 1715, printed in Hearne's edition of Leland's Collectanea, vol. i. p. lxiii. From his account it seems to have been found with a skeleton of an elephant in the presence of Mr. Conyers.

page 302 note a Bakewell, 1855. p. 59.

page 303 note a See M. Ravin's Mémoire Géologique sur le Bassin d'Amiens, in the Mémoires de la Société d'Emula -tion d'Abbeville, 1838, p. 196.

XX. On the Occurrence of Flint Implements in undisturbed Beds of Gravel, Sand, and Clay

  • John Evans


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