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    Rahim, Mia Mahmudur Islam, Md. Tarikul and Kuruppu, Sanjaya 2016. Regulating global shipping corporations' accountability for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the seas. Marine Policy, Vol. 69, p. 159.

  • Asian Journal of International Law, Volume 1, Issue 1
  • January 2011, pp. 131-148

Climate Change and Reduction of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Ships: An Appraisal

  • Md. Saiful KARIM (a1) and Shawkat ALAM (a1)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 19 November 2010

Article 2(2) of the Kyoto Protocol imposes an obligation only on certain developed countries, working through the International Maritime Organisation (IMO), to pursue the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from marine bunker fuels. The IMO recently took the initiative to adopt a new legal instrument for the reduction of ship-generated greenhouse gas emissions. Some developing countries have suggested that the proposed IMO initiative should strictly adhere to Article 2(2) of the Kyoto Protocol and the principle of Common but Differentiated Responsibility (CBDR). Against this backdrop, this article intends to review the extent to which it is possible to propose an international legal instrument for the reduction of GHG emissions from marine bunker fuels which is applicable only to ships from developed countries considering the complex characteristics of the international shipping industry. This article also examines how far this approach is justifiable even within the framework of the CBDR principle.

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PhD candidate, Macquarie Law School, Macquarie University. Advocate (Bangladesh). The authors would like to thank Benjamin Vincents and Donald McGillivray for their valuable comments on earlier drafts.

Senior Lecturer, Macquarie Law School, Macquarie University.

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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

Christian PISANI , “Fair at Sea: The Design of a Future Legal Instrument on Marine Bunker Fuels Emissions Within the Climate Change Regime” (2002) 33 Ocean Development and International Law 57 at 57

Boleslaw Adam BOCZEK , Flags of Convenience: An International Legal Study (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1962) at 2

Lavanya RAJAMANI , Differential Treatment in International Environmental Law (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006) at 162

Meinhard DOELLE , “Climate Change and the Use of the Dispute Settlement Regime of the Law of the Sea Convention” (2006) 37 Ocean Development and International Law 319

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Asian Journal of International Law
  • ISSN: 2044-2513
  • EISSN: 2044-2521
  • URL: /core/journals/asian-journal-of-international-law
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