This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.
M. Aguiar and E. Hurst (2005) Consumption versus expenditure. Journal of Political Economy, 113
C. Beach and R. Finnie (2004) A longitudinal analysis of earnings change in Canada. Canadian Journal of Economics, 37
B.D. Bernheim , L. Forni , J. Gokhale and L.J. Koltikoff (May 2000) How Much Should Americans Be Saving for Retirement?
American Economic Review, 90
(2), 288–292. doi:10.1257/aer.90.2.288.
J.R. Brown (2009) Understanding the role of annuities in retirement planning. In Overcoming the Saving Slump ( A. Lusardi ed.), Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
S.L. Brown and I.-F. Lin (2012) The gray divorce revolution: Rising divorce among middle-aged and older adults, 1990–2010. Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 67
M. Brzozowski and Y. Lu (2010) Home cooking, food consumption, and food production among retired Canadian households. Canadian Public Policy, 36
B. Buhmann , L. Rainter , G. Schmaus and T. Smeeding (1988) Equivalence scales, well-being, inequality and poverty: Estimates across ten countries using the luxembourg income study database. Review of Income and Wealth, 34
, H.M. Iams
and K.E. Smith
) The changing impact of social security on retirement income in the United States
. In The Distributional Effects of Government Spending and Taxation
, edited by Dimitri B. Papadimitriou
. Palgrave Macmillan UK
F.T. Denton , R. Finnie and B.G. Spencer (2011) Income replacement in retirement: Longitudinal evidence from income tax records. Canadian Journal on Aging, 30
F.T. Denton and B.G. Spencer (2009) What is retirement? A review and assessment of alternative concepts and measures. Canadian Journal on Aging, 28
J. Fernandez-Villaverde and D. Krueger (2007) Consumption over the life cycle: Facts from consumer expenditure survey data. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 89
P.-O. Gourinchas and J. Parker (2002) Consumption over the life cycle. Econometrica, 70
R. Haveman , K. Holden , B. Wolfe and S. Sherlund (2006) Do newly retired workers in the United States have sufficient resources to maintain well-being?
Economic Inquiry, 44
(2), 249–64. doi:10.1093/ei/cbj023.
M. King and D. Low (2014) Measuring the ‘World’ real interest rate, NBER Working Paper 19887. Cambridge, MA.
B.-J. MacDonald , K. Moore , H. Chen and R. Brown (2011) Canadian national retirement risk index: employing statistics Canada's LifePaths to measure the financial security of future Canadian seniors. Journal of Canadian Public Policy, 37
B.J. Macdonald and L. Osberg (2014) Canadian retirement incomes: How much do financial market returns matter?. Canadian Public Policy, 40
G.A. Mackenzie (2010) The Decline of the Traditional Pension: A Comparative Study of Threats to Retirement Security. Cambridge, New York: Cambridge University Press.
M.A. Milevsky and V.R. Young (2007) Annuitization and asset allocation. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 31
O. Mitchell and J. Moore (1998) Can americans afford to retire? New evidence on retirement saving adequacy. Journal of Risk and Insurance, 65
A. Munnell , N. Orlova and A. Webb (2013) How important is asset allocation to financial security in retirement? In The Market for Retirement Financial Advice (eds. O.S. Mitchell and K. Smetters ), pp. 89–106. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
K. Ruckman (2003) Expense ratios of North American mutual funds. Canadian Journal of Economics, 36
J. Skinner (2007) Are you sure you're saving enough for retirement?
Journal of Economic Perspectives, 21
J. Smith (2003) Trends and projections in income replacement during retirement. Journal of Labor Economics, 21
E.N. Wolff (2011) Pensions in the 2000s: The lost decade?, NBER Working Paper No. 16991. Cambridge, MA.