Skip to main content Accesibility Help

Organisational Climate and Organisational Citizenship Behaviour of Employees in Selected Private Companies in South-East, Nigeria

  • Abimbola A. Akanni (a1) and Kelechi I. Ndubueze (a1)

This paper investigated the relationship between organisational climate and organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) among employees of selected private companies in south-eastern Nigeria. It examined the relationship between each of the three dimensions of organisational climate (reflexivity, innovation and outward focus) and OCB. A total of 262 (Male = 184; Female = 78) respondents that were randomly selected among employees of private manufacturing companies in Abia state participated in the study. Data were collected through standardised psychological scales viz organisational climate measure (OCM) and organisational citizenship behaviour checklists (OCBC). Data were analysed using Multiple Regression. Results revealed that organisational climate significantly predicted OCB. It further showed a significant positive relationship between reflexivity and OCB, innovation and OCB and a significant inverse relationship between outward focus and OCB. The study concluded that organisational climate had a significant positive relationship with OCB among employees of private companies in Abia state. The study recommended that private organisations need to promote a positive organisational climate as much as possible to facilitate adequate display of OCB.

Corresponding author
address for correspondence: Abimbola A. Akanni, PhD, Department of Psychology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Email:
Hide All
Adeyemo, D.A., Dzever, L.T., & Nyanayo, J.L. (2015). Organisational climate, leadership style and emotional intelligence as predictors of quality of work-life among bank workers in ibadan, Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, 11 (4), 18571881.
Bhaesajsanguan, S. (2010). The relationships among organizational climate, job Satisfaction and organizational commitment in the Thai telecommunication Industry. Retrieved June 22, 2017, from
Brown, S.P., & Leigh, T.W. (1996). A new look at psychological climate and its relationship to job involvement, effort and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81 (4), 358368.
Castro, M., & Martins, N. (2010). The relationship between organisational climate and employee satisfaction in a South African information and technology organisation. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology/SA Tydskrifvir Bedryfsielkunde, 36 (1), 1–9. doi: 10.4102/sajip.v36i1.800.
Ehigie, B.O., & Otukoya, O.W. (2007). Antecedents of organisational citizenship behaviour in a government-owned enterprise in Nigeria. European Journal of Work and Organisational Psychology, 14 (4), 389399. doi:10.1080/13594320544000019.
Igbinomwanhia, O.R., & Akinmayowa, J.T. (2014). The determinants of citizenship behaviour in Nigerian Organisations. European Journal of Business & Management, 6 (35), 155167.
Itiola, K.O., Odebiyi, I.I., & Alabi, E. (2014). Empirical study of the impact of organisational citizenship behaviour dimensions on job satisfaction among administrative staff of Osun state owned tertiary institutions, Nigeria. International Journal of Academic Business and Social Sciences, 4 (8), 264274. doi: 10.6007/IJARBSS/v4-i8/1095
Kasser, T. (2002). Sketches for a self-determination theory of values. In Deci, E.L. & Ryan, R.M. (Eds.), Handbook of self-determination research (pp.123140). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
Kasser, T., & Ryan, R.M. (1996). Further examining the American dream: Differential correlates of intrinsic and extrinsic goals. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 22, 280287.
Litwin, G.H., & Stringer, R.A. (1968). Motivation and organisational climate. Boston, MA: Havard University Press.
Lovell, S.E., Kahn, A.S., Anton, J., Davidson, A., Dowling, E., Post, D., & Mason, C. (1999). Does gender affect the link between organizational citizenship behaviour and performance evaluation? Sex Role, 41 (5–6), 469–478.
Madiha, R.F. (2012). Measuring organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) as a consequence of organisational climate (OC). Asian Journal of Business Management, 4 (3), 294302.
Murugesan, S., Narayana, P.N., & Kannan, M. (2013). Perceived organizational climate correlates organizational citizenship behaviour: A study among the software Professionals. American International Journal of Research in Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences. AIJRHASS, 3 (2), 209216.
Ndubueze, K.I., & Akanni, A.A. (2015). Leadership styles and organisational citizenship behaviour among employees of private companies in Abia State, Nigeria. IfepsychologIA, 23 (2), 139144.
Nwankwo, B.E., Obi, T.C. Sydney-Agbor, N., Agu, S.A., & Aboh, J.U. (2013). Influence of pay satisfaction and length of service on organisational citizenship behaviour. International Journal of Academic Research, 3 (9), 238244. doi:10.6007/IJARBSS/v3-i9/206
Obiora, J.N., & Okpu, T. (2015). Creativity and organisational citizenship behaviour in the Nigerian hospitality industry. International of Managerial Studies and Research, 3 (3), 920.
Organ, D.W. (1988). Organisational citizenship behaviour: The good soldier syndrome. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
Organ, D.W., & Ryan, K. (1995). A meta-analytic review of attitudinal and dispositional predictiors or organizational citizenship behavior. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 48 (4), 775802. doi:10.1111/j.1744-6570.1995.tb01781.x.
Patterson, M.G., West, M.A., Shackleton, V.J., Dawson, J.F., Lawthom, R., Maitlis, S., Robinson, D.L., & Wallace, A.M. (2005). Validating the organizational climate measure: Links to managerial practices, productivity and innovation. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 26 (4), 379408. doi:10.1002/job.312
Ryan, R.M., & Deci, E.L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development and well-being. American Psychologist, 55, 6878. Behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227–268.
Spector, P.E., & Fox, S. (2010). Counterproductive work behavior and organisational citizenship behavior: Are they opposite forms of active behavior?. Applied Psychology, 59, 2139. doi:10.1111/j.1464-0597.2009.00414.x
Ucho, A., & Atime, E.T. (2013). Distributive Justice, age and organisational citizenship behaviour among non-teaching staff of Benue state university. International Journal of Psychology and Behavioural Sciences, 3 (4), 7785. doi: 10.5923/j.ijpbs.20130304.01
Vansteenkiste, M., Soenens, B., & Duriez, B. (2008). Presenting a positive alternative to strivings for material success and the thin-ideal: Understanding the effects of extrinsic relative to intrinsic goal pursuits. In Lopez, S.L. (Ed.), Positive psychology: Exploring the best in people. Vol. 4: Pursuing human flourishing (pp. 5786). Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing Company.
West, M.A. (Ed.) (1996). Reflexivity and work group effectiveness: A conceptual integration. Handbook of work group psychology (pp. 555579). Chichester: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
West, M.A. (2000). Reflexivity, revolution, and innovation in work teams. In Beyerlein, M.M., Johnson, D.A., & Beyerlein, S.T. (Eds.), Product development teams (pp. 129). Stamford, Connecticut: JAI Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

The Australasian Journal of Organisational Psychology
  • ISSN: -
  • EISSN: 2054-2232
  • URL: /core/journals/australasian-journal-of-organisational-psychology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *



Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed