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The Historical, Present and Future ness of Environmental Education in India

  • Sylvia Almeida (a1) and Amy Cutter-Mackenzie (a1)

What is distinctive or indistinctive about environmental education in schools and other formal education settings in India? In essence, what is the ness of environmental education in the Indian education system? Our responses to these important questions form the focus of this paper, shedding light on the historical, present and future directions (or ness) of environmental education in India. In effect, we attempt to capture the ness of environmental education by considering practice, policy and research developments throughout the various contemporary and traditional environmental education movements. In so doing, we identify a theory-practice gap and a dire lack of research as some of the pertinent issues facing environmental education in India. In conclusion we discuss possible future directions that environmental education might take in addressing these issues.

Corresponding author
Address for correspondence: Sylvia Almeida, PhD Student, Faculty of Education, Monash University, McMahons Road, Frankston, Victoria 3199, Australia. Email:
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A. V. Baez , G. W. Knamiller , & J. C. Smyth (Eds.). (1987). The Environment and Science and Technology Education. Oxford, U.K.: Permagon Press for ICSU Press.

C. Chakraborty , & P. Nunnenkamp (2008). Economic Reforms, FDI, and Economic Growth in India: A Sector Level Analysis. [doi: DOI: 10.1016/j.worlddev.2007.06.014]. World Development, 36(7), 11921212.

K. B. Chhokar (2010). Higher education and curriculum innovation for sustainable development in India. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 11(2), 141152.

A. Pande (2001). Environmental Education in Rural Central Himalayan Schools. The Journal of Environmental Education, 32(3), 4753.

M. J. Ravindranath (2000). Living Traditions. In D. Yencken , J. Fien & H. Sykes (Eds.), Environment, Education and Society in the Asia-Pacifc: local traditions and global discourses. London U.K.: Routledge.

M. J. Ravindranath (2007). Environmental education in teacher education in India: experiences and challenges in the United Nation's Decade of Education for Sustainable Development. Journal of Education for Teaching: International research and pedagogy, 33(2), 191206.

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Australian Journal of Environmental Education
  • ISSN: 0814-0626
  • EISSN: 2049-775X
  • URL: /core/journals/australian-journal-of-environmental-education
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