Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Away from ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism: Towards a scientific understanding of “what makes us human”

  • Christophe Boesch (a1)
Abstract

The quest to understand “what makes us human” has been heading towards an impasse, when comparative psychology compares primarily individuals that are not representative of their species. Captives experience such divergent socioecological niches that they cannot stand for their wild counterparts. Only after removing ethnocentrism and anthropocentrism will we be able to progress in our understanding of “what makes us human.”

Copyright
References
Hide All
Boesch, C. (2007) What makes us human (Homo sapiens)? The challenge of cognitive cross-species comparison. Journal of Comparative Psychology 121(3):227–40.
Boesch, C. (2008) Taking development and ecology seriously when comparing cognition. Journal of Comparative Psychology 122(4):453–55.
Boesch, C. (2009) The real chimpanzee: Sex strategies in the forest. Cambridge University Press.
Boesch, C. & Boesch, H. (1984) Mental map in wild chimpanzees: An analysis of hammer transports for nut cracking. Primates 25:160–70.
Boesch, C. & Boesch, H. (1989) Hunting behavior of wild chimpanzees in the Taï National Park. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 78:547–73.
Boesch, C., Crockford, C., Herbinger, I., Wittig, R., Moebius, Y. & Normand, E. (2008) Intergroup conflicts among chimpanzees in Taï National Park: Lethal violence and the female perspective. American Journal of Primatology 70:114.
Boesch, C., Eckhard, N., Bolé, C. & Boesch, H. (2010) Altruism in forest chimpanzees: The case of adoption. PLoS One 5(1):e8901.
Boesch, C., Head, J. & Robbins, M. (2009) Complex tool sets for honey extraction among chimpanzees in Loango National Park, Gabon. Journal of Human Evolution 56:560–69.
Carpendale, J. & Lewis, C. (2004) Constructing an understanding of mind: The development of children's social understanding within social interaction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 27:79151.
de Waal, F. B. M. (2001) The ape and the sushi master: Cultural reflections of a primatologist. Basic Books.
Goodall, J. (1986) The chimpanzees of Gombe: Patterns of behavior. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Henrich, J., McElreath, R., Ensminger, J., Barr, A., Barrett, C., Bolyanatz, A., Cardenas, J. C., Gurven, M., Gwako, E., Henrich, N., Lesorogol, C., Marlowe, F., Tracer, D. & Ziker, J. (2006) Costly punishment across human societies. Science 312(5868):1767–70.
Herrmann, E., Call, J., Lloreda, M., Hare, B. & Tomasello, M. (2007) Humans have evolved specialized skills of social cognition: The cultural intelligence hypothesis. Science 317:1360–66.
Mitani, J. & Watts, D. (2001) Why do chimpanzees hunt and share meat? Animal Behaviour 61:110.
Mitani, J. & Watts, D. (2005) Correlates of territorial boundary patrol behaviour in wild chimpanzees. Animal Behaviour 70:1079–86.
Mitani, J., Watts, D. & Muller, M. (2002) Recent development in the study of wild chimpanzee behaviour. Evolutionary Anthropology 11(1):925.
Nelson, C., Zeanah, C., Fox, N., Marshall, P., Smyke, A. & Guthrie, D. (2007) Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: The Bucharest early intervention project. Science 318:1937–40.
Povinelli, D. J. (2000) Folk physics for apes: The chimpanzee's theory of how the world works. Oxford University Press.
Povinelli, D. J. & Vonk, J. (2003) Chimpanzee minds: Suspiciously human? Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7(4):157–60.
Sanz, C., Morgan, D. & Gulick, S. (2004) New insights into chimpanzees, tools, and termites from the Congo Basin. American Naturalist 164(5):567–81.
Silk, J. B., Brosnan, S. F., Vonk, J., Henrich, J., Povinelli, D. J., Richardson, A. S., Lambeth, S. P., Mascaro, J. & Shapiro, S. J. (2005) Chimpanzees are indifferent to the welfare of unrelated group members. Nature 437:1357–59.
Tomasello, M., Carpenter, M., Call, J., Behne, T. & Moll, H. (2005) Understanding and sharing intentions: The origins of cultural cognition. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28:675–91.
Vonk, J., Brosnan, S., Silk, J., Henrich, J., Richardson, A., Lambeth, S., Schapiro, S. & Povinelli, D. (2008) Chimpanzees do not take advantage of very low cost opportunities to deliver food to unrelated group members. Animal Behaviour 75(5):1757–70.
Warneken, F. & Tomasello, M. (2006) Altruistic helping in human infants and young chimpanzees. Science 311:1301–03.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed