Skip to main content Accesibility Help

Careful operationalization and assessment are critical for advancing the study of the neurobiology of resilience 1

  • Nathan A. Kimbrel (a1) and Jean C. Beckham (a1)

The authors' definition of resilience is too narrow and essentially defines resilience as the absence of psychopathology. Consequently, it is not clear how quantitatively defined resilience differs from quantitatively defined psychopathology according to the authors' definition. We believe the conceptual model would be improved by a broader definition of resilience. There is also a significant need for improved measures of stressor load.

Hide All

Parts of this commentary were written as an employee of the U.S. Government and such parts are not subject to copyright protection in the United States.

Hide All
Burckhardt, C. S. & Anderson, K. L. (2003) The Quality of Life Scale (QOLS): Reliability, validity, and utilization. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 1:60.
Connor, K. M. & Davidson, J. R. T. (2003) Development of a new resilience scale: The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). Depression and Anxiety 18(2):7682. doi: 10.1002/da.10113.
Davidson, J. R., Book, S. W., Colket, J. T., Tupler, L. A., Roth, S., David, D., Hertzberg, M., Mellman, T., Beckham, J. C., Smith, R. D., Davison, R. M., Katz, R. & Feldman, M. E. (1997) Assessment of a new self-rating scale for post-traumatic stress disorder. Psychological Medicine 27(1):153–60.
Derogatis, L. R., Lipman, R. S. & Covi, L. (1973) SCL-90: An outpatient psychiatric rating scale – Preliminary report. Psychopharmacology Bulletin 9:1328.
Hobfoll, S. E. (2002) Social and psychological resources and adaptation. Review of General Psychology 6(4):307–24.
Kimbrel, N. A., Evans, L. D., Patel, A. B., Wilson, L. C., Meyer, E. C., Gulliver, S. B. & Morissette, S. B. (2014) The Critical Warzone Experiences (CWE) Scale: Initial psychometric properties and association with PTSD, anxiety, and depression. Psychiatry Research 220(3):1118–24.
Koenen, K. C., Duncan, L. E., Liberzon, I. & Ressler, K. J. (2013) From candidate genes to genome-wide association: The challenges and promise of posttraumatic stress disorder genetic studies. Biological Psychiatry 74:634–36.
Koenen, K. C., Nugent, N. R. & Amstadter, A. B. (2008) Gene-environment interaction in posttraumatic stress disorder: Review, strategy and new directions for research. European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience 258(2):8296.
Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A. & Rutter, M. (2005) Strategy for investigating interactions between measured genes and measured environments. Archives of General Psychiatry 62(5):473–81.
Üstün, T. B. (2010) Measuring health and disability: Manual for WHO disability assessment schedule WHODAS 2.0. World Health Organization.
Windle, G. (2011) What is resilience? A review and concept analysis. Reviews in Clinical Gerontology 21(2):152–69.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *


Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed