Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa

Dual-processing explains base-rate neglect, but which dual-process theory and how?

  • Jonathan St. B. T. Evans (a1) and Shira Elqayam (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 29 October 2007

We agree that current evolutionary accounts of base-rate neglect are unparsimonious, but we dispute the authors' account of the effect in terms of parallel associative and rule-based processes. We also question their assumption that cueing of nested set relations facilitates performance due to recruitment of explicit reasoning processes. In our account, such reasoning is always involved, but usually unsuccessful.

Linked references
Hide All

This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

L. Cosmides & J. Tooby (1996) Are humans good intuitive statisticians after all? Rethinking some conclusions from the literature on judgment under uncertainty. Cognition 58:173.

J. St. B. T. Evans (2006) The heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning: Extension and evaluation. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 13:378–95.

J. St. B. T. Evans (2007) Hypothetical thinking: Dual process in reasoning and judgement. Psychology Press.

J. St. B. T. Evans , S. J. Handley , D. E. Over & N. Perham (2002) Background beliefs in Bayesian inference. Memory & Cognition 30:179–90.

J. St. B. T. Evans , S. J. Handley , N. Perham , D. E. Over & V. A. Thompson (2000) Frequency versus probability formats in statistical word problems. Cognition 77:197213.

D. Kahneman & S. Frederick (2002) Representativeness revisited: Attribute substitution in intuitive judgment. In: Heuristics and biases: The psychology of intuitive judgment, ed. T. Gilovich , D. Griffin & D. Kahneman , pp. 4981. Cambridge University Press.

D. Kahneman & S. Frederick (1973) On the psychology of prediction. Psychological Review 80:237–51.

S. A. Sloman (1996a) The empirical case for two systems of reasoning. Psychological Bulletin 119:322.

E. R. Smith & J. DeCoster (2000) Dual-process models in social and cognitive psychology: Conceptual integration and links to underlying memory systems. Personality and Social Psychology Review 4:108–31.

R. Sun , P. Slusarz & C. Terry (2005) The interaction of the explicit and the implicit in skill learning: A dual-process approach. Psychological Review 112:159–92.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *

This erratum applies to the following article(s)