Skip to main content
×
Home
    • Aa
    • Aa

On the adaptive advantage of always being right (even when one is not)

  • Nathalia L. Gjersoe (a1) and Bruce M. Hood (a1)
Abstract
Abstract

We propose another positive illusion – overconfidence in the generalisability of one's theory – that fits with McKay & Dennett's (M&D's) criteria for adaptive misbeliefs. This illusion is pervasive in adult reasoning but we focus on its prevalence in children's developing theories. It is a strongly held conviction arising from normal functioning of the doxastic system that confers adaptive advantage on the individual.

Copyright
References
Hide All
Aronson E. (1969) A theory of cognitive dissonance: A current perspective. In: Advances in experimental social psychology, vol. 4, ed. Berkowitz L., pp. 134. Academic Press.
Baker S. T., Murray K. & Hood B. M. (2009) Children's expectations about weight and speed of falling objects; the younger the judge the better? Poster presented at the Society for Research into Children's Development meeting, Denver, CO, April 2–4, 2009.
Hood B. M. (1995) Gravity rules for 2- to 4-year olds? Cognitive Development 10:577–98.
Karmiloff-Smith A. (1986) From meta-processes to conscious access: Evidence from children's metalinguistic and repair data. Cognition 23:95147.
Karmiloff-Smith A. (1992) Beyond modularity: A developmental perspective in cognitive science. MIT Press.
Karmiloff-Smith A. & Inhelder B. (1974) If you want to get ahead, get a theory. Cognition 3:195212.
Klahr D. & Dunbar K. (1988) Dual search space during scientific reasoning. Cognitive Science 12:148.
Massey C. & Gelman R. (1988) Preschoolers' ability to decide whether pictured or unfamiliar objects can move themselves. Developmental Psychology 24:307–17.
Newport E. L. (1981) Constraints on structure: Evidence from American Sign Language and language learning. In: Aspects of development of competence: Minnesota Symposium on Child Psychology, vol. 14, ed. Collins W. A., pp. 93258. Erlbaum.
Rozinblit L. & Keil F. (2002) The misunderstood limits of folk science: An illusion of explanatory depth. Cognitive Science 26(216):521–62.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 21
Total number of PDF views: 37 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 147 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 23rd October 2017. This data will be updated every 24 hours.