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Resilience: The role of accurate appraisal, thresholds, and socioenvironmental factors 1

  • Steven M. Southwick (a1) (a2) (a3) (a4), Robert H. Pietrzak (a1) (a2), Dennis S. Charney (a4) and John H. Krystal (a1) (a2)

Adding to the resilience model of Kalisch and colleagues, we suggest that resilience is associated with accurate rather than excessively positive or negative appraisal or reappraisal styles; that complex systems do not always change in linear fashion; that linkages of individuals, families, and communities markedly affect individual resilience; and that resilience research focus on specific factors or mechanisms as well as more global ones.

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Parts of this commentary were written as an employee of the U.S. Government and such parts are not subject to copyright protection in the United States.

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Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • ISSN: 0140-525X
  • EISSN: 1469-1825
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioral-and-brain-sciences
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