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  • Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Volume 37, Issue 5
  • October 2009, pp. 595-598

A Pilot Study Measuring the Impact of Yoga on the Trait of Mindfulness

  • Danielle V. Shelov (a1), Sonia Suchday (a1) and Jennifer P. Friedberg (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 15 September 2009

Background: The current study examined whether yoga would increase levels of mindfulness in a healthy population. Method: Forty-six participants were randomly assigned to an 8-week yoga intervention group or a wait-list control group. Mindfulness was assessed pre and post yoga, using the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI). Results: Results indicate that the yoga group experienced a significant increase in Overall mindfulness, and in three mindfulness subscales; Attention to the present moment, Accepting and open attitudes toward experience, and Insightful understanding (p < .01). The control group experienced a significant increase in overall mindfulness (p < .02) and insightful understanding (p < .01). Findings suggest that a yoga intervention may be a viable method for increasing levels of trait mindfulness in a healthy population, potentially implicating yoga as a preventive method for the later development of negative emotional mood states (i.e. anxiety and depression). The control group also experienced moderate elevations of mindfulness at the second assessment.

Corresponding author
Reprint requests to Danielle Shelov, Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Yeshiva University, 1300 Morris Park Avenue, Bronx NY, 10461, USA. E-mail:
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This list contains references from the content that can be linked to their source. For a full set of references and notes please see the PDF or HTML where available.

J. Kabat-Zinn (1982). An outpatient program in behavioral medicine for chronic pain based on the practice of mindfulness meditation: theoretical considerations and preliminary results. General Hospital Psychiatry, 4, 3347.

J. L. Kristellar and C. B. Hallett (1999). An exploratory study of a meditation-based program for binge-eating disorder. Journal of Health Psychology, 4, 357363.

S. H. Ma and J. Teasdale (2004). Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy for depression: replication and exploration of differential relapse prevention effects. Journal of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, 72, 3140.

J. Miller , K. Fletcher and J. Kabat-Zinn (1995). Three-year follow-up and clinical implications of a mindfulness mediation based stress reduction intervention in the treatment of anxiety disorders. General Hospital Psychiatry, 17, 192200.

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Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • ISSN: 1352-4658
  • EISSN: 1469-1833
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