Skip to main content
    • Aa
    • Aa
  • Get access
    Check if you have access via personal or institutional login
  • Cited by 8
  • Cited by
    This article has been cited by the following publications. This list is generated based on data provided by CrossRef.

    France, E.F. Ring, N. Noyes, J. Maxwell, M. Jepson, R. Duncan, E. Turley, R. Jones, D. and Uny, I. 2015. Protocol-developing meta-ethnography reporting guidelines (eMERGe). BMC Medical Research Methodology, Vol. 15, Issue. 1,

    Ottmann, Goetz McVilly, Keith Anderson, Julie Chapman, Jessica Karlyawasam, Imalka Roy, Alana Satari, Nahila and Stefano, Adam 2015. Barriers and Enablers to Safeguarding Children and Adults within a Disability Services Context: Insights from an Australian Delphi Study. Social Policy & Administration, p. n/a.

    Duncan, Edward A.S. 2014. Advancing Occupational Therapy in Mental Health Practice.

    Duncan, Edward A S Colver, Keith Dougall, Nadine Swingler, Kevin Stephenson, John and Abhyankar, Purva 2014. Consensus on items and quantities of clinical equipment required to deal with a mass casualties big bang incident: a national Delphi study. BMC Emergency Medicine, Vol. 14, Issue. 1,

    2013. Becoming a Marriage and Family Therapist.

    Milne, Derek and Dunkerley, Chris 2010. Towards evidence-based clinical supervision: the development and evaluation of four CBT guidelines. The Cognitive Behaviour Therapist, Vol. 3, Issue. 02, p. 43.

    2010. The Delphi Technique in Nursing and Health Research.

    Green, Hannah K. Smith, Edward Poole, Ria Skuse, Laura Roberts, Pamela Champney-Smith, Jeff and Smith, Alyson J. 2009. A Delphi study of the subjective “rush” experience: Understanding the perspective of the injecting drug user to enhance quality of drug intervention. Journal of Substance Use, Vol. 14, Issue. 5, p. 295.

  • Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy, Volume 32, Issue 2
  • April 2004, pp. 199-213


  • Edward A. S. Duncan (a1), Margaret M. Nicol (a2) and Alastair Ager (a2)
  • DOI:
  • Published online: 01 April 2004

Cognitive behavioural treatment manuals have increased in frequency, purpose and impact over the last 40 years. Despite numerous papers on the topic, few empirical studies regarding the constitution of treatment manuals have been conducted. A Delphi study examining the factors that constitute a good cognitive behavioural treatment manual is presented. This study generated a consensus of opinion of factors that therapists and researchers should consider when developing and appraising treatment manuals for cognitive behavioural interventions. Limitations of the study and the potential relevance of the research are discussed.

Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
  • ISSN: 1352-4658
  • EISSN: 1469-1833
  • URL: /core/journals/behavioural-and-cognitive-psychotherapy
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *