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Diagnostic difficulty in bipolar disorder

  • Kate E. A. Saunders
Summary

Bipolar disorder is a common mental disorder that can be challenging to diagnose. This brief article outlines how bipolar disorder is diagnosed and how it can be distinguished from other disorders with similar phenotypes.

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Copyright
Corresponding author
Correspondence Dr Kate E. A. Saunders, University Department of Psychiatry, Warneford Hospital, Oxford OX3 7JX, UK. Email: kate.saunders@psych.ox.ac.uk
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Declaration of Interest

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References
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American Psychiatric Association (2013) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (5th edn) (DSM-5). APA.
Forty, L, Smith, D, Jones, L, et al (2008) Clinical differences between bipolar and unipolar depression. British Journal of Psychiatry, 192: 388–9.
Gleason, A, Castle, D (2012) Adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and bipolar disorder. Advances in Psychiatric Treatment, 18: 198204.
Kendall, T, Morriss, R, Mayo-Wilson, E, et al (2014) Assessment and management of bipolar disorder: summary of updated NICE guidance. BMJ, 349: 5673.
Phillips, ML, Kupfer, DJ (2013) Bipolar disorder diagnosis: challenges and future directions. Lancet, 381: 1663–71.
Saunders, KEA, Bilderbeck, AC, Price, JR, et al (2015) Distinguishing bipolar disorder from borderline personality disorder: a study of current clinical practice. European Psychiatry, 30: 965–74.
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BJPsych Advances
  • ISSN: 2056-4678
  • EISSN: 2056-4686
  • URL: /core/journals/bjpsych-advances
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Diagnostic difficulty in bipolar disorder

  • Kate E. A. Saunders
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