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Illness perceptions in adolescents with a psychiatric diagnosis in Pakistan

  • Nazish Imran (a1), Muhammad Waqar Azeem (a2), Mansoor R. Chaudhry (a3) and Zeeshan Butt (a4)
Abstract
Aims and method

To assess adolescents' perceptions of their psychiatric illness and the role of various demographic factors in a Pakistani setting. Adolescents with various psychiatric diagnoses were interviewed using a structured questionnaire including the Illness Perceptions Questionnaire–Revised (IPQ-R).

Results

Fifty-two adolescents with various psychiatric illnesses were interviewed; their mean age was 12.7 years and the majority (67%) were female. Males had significantly higher scores on timeline and emotional representation (P<0.05), suggesting strongly held beliefs about chronicity of their illness and anger and worry about their condition. Adolescents' own emotional state, stress, family problems and bad luck were endorsed by participants as some of the causal factors in their mental illness.

Clinical implications

Despite the importance of early intervention in psychiatric problems, engaging youth in the treatment process in Pakistan remains difficult. Better understanding of how adolescents perceive their psychiatric difficulties may play a significant role in developing culturally sensitive interventions and better utilisation of services.

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Copyright
This is an open-access article published by the Royal College of Psychiatrists and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Corresponding author
Correspondence to Nazish Imran (nazishimrandr@gmail.com)
Footnotes
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Declaration of interest

None.

Footnotes
References
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BJPsych Bulletin
  • ISSN: 2056-4694
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Illness perceptions in adolescents with a psychiatric diagnosis in Pakistan

  • Nazish Imran (a1), Muhammad Waqar Azeem (a2), Mansoor R. Chaudhry (a3) and Zeeshan Butt (a4)
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