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Deaths in custody in the Irish prison service: 5-year retrospective study of drug toxicology and unnatural deaths

  • Madeeha Iqtidar (a1), Kapil Sharma (a2), Ronan Mullaney (a1), Enda Kelly (a3), Mary Keevans (a4), Myra Cullinane (a5), Harry Kennedy (a2) and Damian Mohan (a2)...
Summary

Mental health and substance misuse disorders are associated with unnatural deaths in prisoners. Deaths in Irish prisons between 2009 and 2014 were retrospectively analysed using coroner's findings, including post-mortem toxicology. There were 69 deaths in custody, 38 of which met inclusion criteria. All deaths by overdose (16) were positive for illicit drugs; 53% of deaths (8 of 15) due to hanging were also positive for illicit drugs, and 29% of deaths (2 of 7) from other causes were toxicology positive. In conclusion, 26 unnatural deaths (68%) were associated with use of illicit drugs, which are a major contributory factor to deaths of prisoners.

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None.

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Copyright
This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits non-commercial re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is unaltered and is properly cited. The written permission of Cambridge University Press must be obtained for commercial re-use or in order to create a derivative work.
Corresponding author
Correspondence: Madeeha Iqtidar, National Forensic Mental Health Service, Central Mental Hospital, Dundrum, Dublin 14, IrelandD14 WOV6. Email: madeehaafridi@yahoo.com
References
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Deaths in custody in the Irish prison service: 5-year retrospective study of drug toxicology and unnatural deaths

  • Madeeha Iqtidar (a1), Kapil Sharma (a2), Ronan Mullaney (a1), Enda Kelly (a3), Mary Keevans (a4), Myra Cullinane (a5), Harry Kennedy (a2) and Damian Mohan (a2)...
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